Puffiness of the gum causes

Inflammation of the gums - a problem with which from time to time encounter about 80% of people. Redness, swelling, pain and bleeding are obvious symptoms of the disease. In this case, different degrees inflammation of the gums .

Types of inflammation of the gums. Diseases of the gums

Parodontosis is the simplest inflammation thataccording to the existing classification, WHO is not considered a disease at all. Periodontal disease occurs as a consequence of insufficient loading of the chewing apparatus and does not require medical treatment, but requires additional physical load on the teeth and gums. In order to avoid the appearance of periodontal disease, it is necessary to include solid foods in your diet, namely whole nuts, fresh vegetables and fruits. This will not only be gymnastics for the mouth, but will also provide the body with useful nutrients.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums of medium severity,accompanied by their bleeding, swelling, slight vulnerability and unpleasant odor from the mouth. The inflammatory process with gingivitis affects the gum, and the tissue that surrounds the teeth. In fact, this is the initial stage of a more terrible and sometimes incurable disease - periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a rapidly progressiveinflammation, which extends to the gingiva, dental tissue and bone. Running periodontitis can become irreversible and lead to loosening and further loss of teeth.

Causes of inflammation of the gums. Why the gums are inflamed

home cause of inflammation of the gums - these are bacteria that, due to insufficient or incorrect oral hygiene, accumulate on the teeth in the form of plaque, and subsequently are converted into tartar.

But provoke gingival inflammation Even with proper care, other common factors can also occur:

  • heredity;
  • smoking;
  • deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body;
  • poor-quality fillings and dental crowns;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract;
  • diabetes;
  • infection;
  • hormonal changes;
  • use of certain types of medications, including nasal drops and antidepressants.

In addition, the potential risk group includes women who gingival inflammation can occur against the background of the menstrual cycle,when the gums become slightly swollen and loose, or against the background of the use of contraceptives. During pregnancy, especially in the last two, trimesters also appear swelling and bleeding gums. In such a situation, you should be particularly careful and prevent the situation from worsening, since progressive inflammation can lead to premature births and the birth of a child with a body weight deficit.

Pharmaceutical means for gingival inflammation

Discovering the primary symptoms of gum disease. should immediately contact the dentist, who will appoint a full-fledged treatment. Timely treatment will allow you to get rid of discomfort and discomfort in a short time.

As a rule, treatment of the inflammatory processincludes a set of measures that involve the instrumental removal of plaque and stone, the removal of the inflammation itself, the elimination of other underlying causes of the disease and the mandatory definition of preventive measures in order to avoid relapse.

The first signs of gum disease pass if you start correctly and thoroughly brush your teeth, and also take the rule of regular use of dental floss.

Before contacting a doctor as a preliminarytoothpaste with a high content of fluoride "Sensodin" (50 ml, 100 rubles), a gel for sensitive gums "Parodium" (50 ml, 250 rubles), a solution of "Poliminerol" (100 ml, 75 rubles.) or oil extract "Vital" (30 ml, 150 rubles.).

Soreness will help to remove familiar to allpainkillers: paracetamol, tempalgin or analgin. Anesthetize and relieve the primary inflammation, you can also take aspirin, Panadol or Efferalgan. At the same time, rinse your mouth with furicilin, miramistin, chlorhexidine or a solution of potassium permanganate.

More serious drugs, such as "Ciprofloxacin" (No. 10, 30 rubles.), "Tavegil" (No. 20, 130 rubles.) Or "Ketanov" (No. 10, 35 rubles.) Can be used only after consultation with a dentist .

Inflammation of the gums: treatment with folk remedies

Along with pharmaceuticals for removal of gingival inflammation or its prevention, you can use folk remedies, above all this rinsing with a variety of broths:

  • sage leaves and oak bark (1: 1);
  • thyme;
  • chamomile medicinal;
  • oak bark, St. John's wort, yarrow (1: 1: 1);
  • St. John's wort, yarrow, succession, sage (1: 1: 1: 1).

Broth from several ingredients is better to cookas follows: dry the ground plants pour boiling water at a rate of 400 ml for every two tablespoons of the collection, then bring the mixture to a boil and boil for five minutes. Then allow to cool to room temperature, and then get the broth to rinse your mouth several times a day. Chamomile does not require boiling, it is enough to simply pour boiling water from the calculation of a glass of water for 4 tablespoons of flowers, let it brew for 20 minutes, and then strain. Apply only in a warm state up to five times a day.

Oak bark (50 grams for two glasses of water), on the contraryIt is necessary to simmer for thirty minutes on a slow fire, and then cooled to boiling with boiled water to the original volume. You can rinse it cold, up to eight times a day.

If you do not have any herbs at hand, rinsing with a solution of baking soda will also have an antibacterial effect.

Inflammation of the gums: preventive measures

Of course, no one is immune from possible diseases, but following some simple rules can significantly reduce the possibility of appearance inflammation of the gums or at all to exclude it.

First, eat foods inlarge amounts of calcium (fish, nuts, greens, dairy products) and vitamin C. The first strengthens teeth and bones, and the second reduces bleeding gums.

Secondly, strive for a healthy lifestyle, get rid of bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol).

Well, and thirdly, do not forget to brush your teeth at least twice a day and make friends with dental floss.

Author: Ershova Natalia
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