Swelling of the oral mucosa

Hypothyroidism (myxedema): soft tissues of the oral cavity can be changed in both adults and children. Depending on the severity of hypothyroidism, the frequency and severity of the changes vary.

Mucous membrane of the oral cavity, especially the gums,can be pale pink, shiny, swollen, overgrown, but without signs of inflammation. However, there may be phenomena of chronic inflammation of the gums: bleeding and loosening of the gums, swelling of the tissues of the mouth, pallor and mucosal pastness and tooth marks on it.

With myxedema, there is an increase and swellinglanguage, which is an early and permanent sign of the disease, the tongue is thickened, dense, there is folding on the dorsal surface, papillae hyperplasia, on the lateral surface there are prints of teeth, lips are swollen due to soft tissue edema.

Often a taste disorder, sometimes with a complete loss of it, as well as multiple caries with a cervical localization of lesions and a circular arrangement around the necks of the teeth.

Depending on the patient's age and severityhypothyroidism, there is a stop in the development of the bones of the facial skeleton at various stages, in particular, the delay of the fusion of the palatine suture, the underdevelopment of the chin, the non-growth of the 2 halves of the lower jaw, and the underdevelopment of the upper and lower jaws, respectively, the delay in erupting the dairy and permanent teeth.