Puffiness in hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a disease in whichthe main function of the thyroid gland is reduced. Such changes occur as a result of a decrease in the level of hormones in the blood. Symptoms and causes of hypothyroidism depend on the form of the disease. There is a primary, secondary and congenital hypothyroidism.

The most common subclinical hypothyroidism- mild form of the disease. With this form of thyroid function is broken, but, unlike other forms, no symptoms are detected. The disease is asymptomatic, and it is possible to detect it only when you pass a blood test for hormones. With subclinical hypothyroidism in the blood there is an increase in the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone of the pituitary gland, which regulates the secretion of thyroid hormones. This is the main sign of this form of the disease.

The causes of primary hypothyroidism most often are diseases closely related to the thyroid gland. These include:

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  • hypoplasia (underdevelopment) or aplasia (absence) of the organ and other defects;
  • complications after the use of medications worsening the synthesis of hormones of this organ;
  • lack of iodine in the human body;
  • the appearance of inflammatory processes in the thyroid gland.

    The main reason for the emergence of secondaryhypothyroidism - damage to the pituitary gland, as a result of which the production of the hormone required for the thyroid gland is stopped. The development of this form of the disease is also greatly influenced by:

  • congenital defects of the pituitary gland;
  • tumors of the pituitary gland;
  • various injuries of the brain;
  • Neuroinfections - lesions of the nervous system caused by viruses or bacteria.

    The appearance of hypothyroidism can also be triggered by irradiation or by the removal of the thyroid gland. Congenital hypothyroidism occurs immediately after the birth of the child or at an early age.

    Edema in hypothyroidism is the main symptomdisease. First, swelling begins to appear on the face in the morning. The skin becomes swollen and icteric. Appears puffiness of the eyelids. By evening, swelling disappears. But after a while, if you do not take treatment, they become the most pronounced and go to the heaviest form of hypothyroidism - the myxedema.

    The content in the tissues of mucopolysaccharides,which retard the liquid, increases significantly. Due to this, edema with hypothyroidism becomes more dense. Due to swelling of the vocal cords, the voice of the patient becomes hoarse. With this disease, a typical symptom is dry skin. If you do not carry out treatment, it will also begin to progress. In addition, the yellowness of the skin appears. First it manifests itself on the palms, and then on the face.

    With hypothyroidism, many patients startto drop out hair and eyebrows, bradycardia and arterial hypertension appear, memory worsens, speech and speech reactions slow down. In addition, there is a decrease in the functions of the sebaceous and sweat glands. Also, the function and ventilation of the lungs decreases. There are disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system. With the advanced stage of the disease, the face of the patients becomes puffy, the eyes lose their expressiveness, and bags appear under them.

    To confirm the diagnosis, the following tests are prescribed for hypothyroidism:

  • Analysis of urine;
  • general blood analysis;
  • blood chemistry;
  • a blood test for hormones;
  • immunological analysis of blood.

    Hypothyroid coma is the heaviestcomplication of hypothyroidism. The cause of her appearance are trauma, hypoglycemia. hypothermia and hypoxia. At a coma all signs of a hypothyrosis are aggravated. There may be a coma, disorientation, violations from the heart. Often everything ends in a lethal outcome.

    The first group of disability in hypothyroidismreceive patients with extremely severe course of the disease and in the presence of severe irreversible changes on the part of organs and systems, when patients need constant care.

    The second group of disabilities is given to patients with severethe form of the disease, persistent impairments in the functions of systems and organs, complications with improper treatment, after surgical treatment of the thyroid gland.

    The third group of disability is established for patientswith hypothyroidism in the stage of hormonal compensation and moderate impairment of the functions of systems and organs, as well as patients with hypothyroidism who work in harmful conditions.

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