Why does the ankle swell without pain?
Ankle joint - vulnerable, difficult tothe structure of a part of the human body, because it is on him that the main body weight falls when walking, running and even in the usual standing position. Therefore, people often turn to doctors with a feeling of numbness, redness, an increase in body temperature in the ankle. But the most common reason for a visit to a doctor is pain in the swelling of the ankle joint.
Swelling and ankle: reasons
First you need to find out why the jointankle hurts, swelling? The causes of such a symptom may lie in trauma, joints, vessels. Also, often the cause of an ankle tumor is a disease that has nothing to do with the legs, for example, diabetes mellitus. The fact that you have an ankle and swelling is just one of the signs of this disease.
Let us consider in more detail the reasons for the swelling and pain of the ankle joint:
- Mechanical injuries: bruises, dislocations, fractures, sprains, open wounds. Swelling of the ankle in this case is due to a violation of microcirculation of the blood in the soft tissues, the outflow of blood through the veins of the lower extremities. As a result, the blood is in stagnation, the muscles of the ankle become swollen, the blood flows into the soft tissues, the joint cavity;
- Decreased vein tone, peripheralblood circulation, the work of the valves becomes the cause of what hurts and swells the ankle joint. Characteristic of such violations for varicose veins, pregnancy, obesity, excessive loads, aging of the vascular walls;
- Other diseases that provoke swelling and ankle pain: diabetes, endocrine disorders, liver cirrhosis, congestive heart failure;
- Infections of soft tissues that enter the human body through the bites of dangerous insects. Also can be caused by bacteria, viruses;
- Side effects of drugs. Hormonal medications, antidepressants and other medications are the basis for water retention in the body. As a result, the ankle swells.
If you have pain, swollen ankle joint, thenIn addition, other symptoms can also be observed: fever in the ankle, redness, ripple, pain is aggravated during movements in the joint, and impaired motor activity.
The ankle hurts, there is no tumor: the causes
The main reason that the ankle hurts withouttumors - inflammatory diseases of the joints and infection. It can be arthritis, arthrosis, gout and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system that cause inflammation of the ankle without signs of a tumor.
At the initial stages of arthritis and arthrosis it hurtsankle, but does not swell immediately. Swelling of the ankle can go away after relaxation. The main symptoms of this disease: local increase in body temperature, pain in the ankle. But in the last stages the swelling of the ankle joint increases, it does not fall off when resting. For the diagnosis should be MRI, computed tomography and X-ray.
Gout develops due to the deposition of salts inan organism, an excess of uric acid. If your ankle hurts, swollen, fever, fever, then you should immediately contact a specialist to confirm this diagnosis.
Synovitis is a disease characterized byinflammation of the ankle joint in the inner word of the tissues of the joint capsule. It is accompanied by a strong tumor and ankle pain, this is due to a violation of the release of lubricating fluid in the bag of the joint. This is what causes the ankle to swell and hurt. Synovitis is also characterized by pulsation, an increase in temperature in the ankle.
Treatment of swelling and swelling of the ankle
If the pain in the ankle is accompanied bya tumor, you should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis, treatment. However, you can take the first measures yourself at home.
Inflammation of the ankle requires treatmentand preliminary diagnostics. Ultrasound, X-ray, CT, MRI, rheovasography - diagnostic methods that allow you to establish the cause of why the ankle hurts and swells.
So, what to do if swollen anklejoint? First, take off your shoes. In the near future you will have to give up tight shoes, as well as shoes with high heels. Secondly, if you are engaged in sports, then for a while you will have to give up physical exertion. Be sure to attach a cold compress to the swollen ankle. It can be a bottle of cold water, ice wrapped in a clean cloth, or any cold thing. Be sure to put your swollen foot on a small hill, so that there is an outflow of blood. With severe, unbearable pain, you can take an anesthetic medicine.
To assign a specific individualTreatment for the appearance of an ankle tumor should be consulted by a specialist. Do not self-medicate, this can adversely affect your health.
Treatment of swelling, swelling and pain in the anklecan be carried out with medicines. In this case, the doctor prescribes the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which have an analgesic effect, help to reduce the inflammation of the soft tissues. Also, medical treatment of ankle edema involves the use of ointments that reduce temperature, improve blood flow and relieve inflammation in the affected area: Nyz, Diklak, Ibuprofen.
As additional measures of treatment, if swollenand sore ankle, used physical therapy: magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, hirudotherapy, physical therapy ankle. massage. They are mainly prescribed for the treatment of arthritis, arthrosis, gout and other similar diseases.
To improve blood circulation and tumor treatmentankle joint use drugs Trental, Curantil, which are administered intravenously. To strengthen the vertex, it is recommended to use Detralex, Diosmin.
With irreversible deformations, doctors producepumping out synovial fluid for arthrosis, arthritis. Accumulation of pus in the joint cavity is also removed. In some cases, surgical intervention, the introduction of antibiotics into the joint cavity, steroid hormones is required. But most often doctors try to remove the swelling and pain of the ankle by medicamental methods.