Puffiness below the waist
Hair loss is a painful psychologicala test for both men and women of all ages. Today, pharmaceutical companies offer various drugs with which you can solve this problem. However, the most effective method is hair transplantation.
The first hair transplant was held in 1939, andspent her Japanese doctor Okuda. This case was especially difficult, because hair was transplanted to burned skin. The surgeon transplanted from the back of the patient "pieces" of skin 4 mm into the burned skin, where normal hair then grew.
Unfortunately for many years this method was forgotten inconnection with the death of Dr. Okuda during the Second World War. After almost 20 years, the technique was revived by the American dermatologist Orentraich. He formulated the "principle of the donor dominant", according to which hair transplanted from the occiput did not fall out, because the properties of the hair at the nape, frontal and parietal parts of the head are quite different. A system of "pieces" of hairy tissue was also used by Orentreich. But she had a big drawback: her hair grew like a "bush", which looked unnatural.
In 1983, an attempt was made to transplanthair is not an islet, but a hair bulb. The author of this technique was the American surgeon Marrith. And only by the end of the 90s plastic surgeons Bernstein and Rossman began to transplant the hair already with follicular associations, which contained from one to four hairs in one area of the skin. They have a single blood supply and one sebaceous gland. Such hair transplantation is now recognized as the "gold standard" of transplantology, it guarantees the natural result of the operation. This operation is quite laborious and requires a virtuoso performance from the doctor.
Most often plastic surgeons are treatedmale patients, but women also encounter similar problems. There are some differences between male and female hair loss. In representatives of the weaker sex, the scalp becomes thin and thinner, but extensive areas of baldness are not observed. In this case, "bald spots" are visible.
Women need to be more careful aboutthe choice of plastic surgeon, because his work in this case is complicated at times, while the risk of an unsuccessful outcome is high. The thing is that the structure of the skin, the lines of hair growth, the quality of the hair itself is different for men and women. You can not transplant the hair from the occiput to the temporomandibular part, because in these areas the hair is unstable due to the influence of age-related changes. In women, hair often grows asymmetrically, which is why the doctor will need to show maximum skill. Otherwise, the transplanted hair will look unnatural, like a wig.
You can also transplant artificial hair. But they are obviously not going to grow. For men this circumstance is not a problem, but for many women this is an excuse to give up artificial hair. Often artificial hair does not take root, causing suppuration. Scars form, hair falls out, patients feel itching. To avoid these terrible consequences, it is necessary to carry out a test for biocompatibility. By the way in America, transplantation of artificial hair is strictly prohibited by law.
And further: artificial hair can not be dyed, do chemical primer, because such procedures destroy fiber. While with natural hair you can do any hairdressing manipulation.
But artificial hair has someadvantages. First, the result is visible immediately and there is no need to wait for them to grow. Transplantation of artificial hair is done repeatedly, until the ideal result is achieved.
When transplanting natural hair, you can notworry about the occurrence of scarring and even more so of suppuration and itching. Although the process of restoring a thick head of hair is long enough (hair does not grow immediately after transplantation), but it will take only a couple of months to wait. And most importantly - if the head does not have hair, then you can transplant the hair from other parts of the body.
You can also transplant the hair into the eyebrows and eyelashes. For this, the material is taken from the head, so in case of growth, these hair will have to be cut. Often, after carrying out such operations, they are treated after burn injuries. In advance you need to negotiate with the surgeon the desired shape of the eyebrows, tk. plucking them will be unacceptable, more there will not grow hair.
There are also contraindications to transplantation inarea of eyebrows and eyelashes. With all regret we will upset the owners of curly hair, because curly eyebrows, as you know, is nonsense. Well, the general contraindication is a bleeding disorder of blood, as well as an obsessive (but rarely occurring) habit of ripping out the hair.
Transplantation is performed under local anesthesia,Stitching and wearing a bandage is not required. At first, there may be puffiness, crusts appear. But after a few days these inconveniences pass, and after 2 days the head can be washed with shampoo.