Swelling of the language of the cause
Language is the organ of the human body that has seeneach of us. Its main functions are the perception of the taste of food, the provision of articulate speech and the movement of food in the mouth during chewing. Like any organ, language can be affected by various diseases, let's talk about the most notable pathological syndrome - edema of the tongue.
Many people regularly review their language ina mirror, often, only its color, absence or presence of a touch is estimated. Minor edema of the tongue, as a rule, remains unnoticed for a long time. Why does such a state arise and how dangerous is it? To understand this, we must first consider the anatomical features of this organ.
Language is a unique organ of the human body, it refers to one of the oldest systems of perception of the external world. The first organ of perception in multicellular organisms was precisely taste organ. Without this feeling it is impossible to determinequality of food and you can eat something that is inedible. Therefore it is quite natural that all the multicellular organisms preserved in the process of evolution know how to analyze the composition of food coming into their bodies, and people are not an exception.
In connection with its function, the language has a number of anatomical features. First, it is muscular organ. containing in three directions andbeams of muscle fibers perpendicular to each other. It is thanks to them that we can move the language as we want. Secondly, the tongue has abundant blood supply, the blood comes to it on a special lumbar artery, which directly departs from the carotid artery, that is, its blood supply is slightly inferior to the flow of blood to the brain. Third, the language is characterized by a specific innervation, large neural trunks approach it, there is even a special pair of cranial nerves emerging directly from the midbrain, through which information from the receptors on the tongue gets directly to the brain.
The most obvious cause of edema islocal damage, for example, chemically active liquids or temperature, or as a result of trauma. All these factors, despite the considerable difference in the mechanism of their action, lead to a similar result: the mucous membrane is destroyed. And since several thousand species of different microorganisms inhabit the oral cavity, they immediately colonize the wound and begin to multiply there. Your the immune system responds with swelling and leukocyte aggression,overlapping the inflammatory shaft with the path of strangers into the body. There is a flow of blood to the affected organ, the tongue increases in size, becomes painful and swollen. If you have normal immunity, then there is nothing terrible in such a trauma, anoint the affected area with some antiseptic, and in a day or two all will go away.
Due to abundant blood supply, external location and relatively small size, the language is a reflection of all systemic processes occurring in the human body.
What are the systemic causes can lead to edemalanguage? The most common cause is a systemic or local allergic reaction. Do not think that an allergy is nothing terrible, will scratch and pass. If you are allergic and you notice that your tongue is growing, you should immediately seek medical help, most likely, you are developing angioedema. This is a very dangerous pathological condition, withAs a result of the action of the allergen, there is a sharp swelling of all the mucous membranes of the mouth and pharynx. The language becomes so large that it blocks the airways, and the person suffocating. Without providing timely medical assistanceit is likely a fatal outcome. Do not wait for breathing difficulties, immediately take measures: call a doctor, take antiallergic drugs, if you have prednisolone, take 5-10 mg.
The next fairly common cause of edema of the tongue are various endocrine diseases.
Hypothyroidism leads to an increase in the language, smoothing itthe relief. This disease occurs when your thyroid gland produces too few thyroid hormones. Your metabolism slows down, the body becomes slow and sluggish, the language is only an external reflection of the state of all tissues and organs. To restore the normal condition, you will need qualified medical care, with the help of replacement therapy under the control of the endocrinologist you will return to normal within 6-12 months.
The defeat of the pituitary gland by a tumor (acromegaly ) leads to the fact that this gland beginsto produce a large amount of growth hormone, and if a person is already an adult, the growth zones in the bones have already closed, the nose, hands, feet begin to grow, the tongue becomes swollen. This disease requires specific therapy, and in some cases a complex neurosurgical operation.
Another systemic disease leading toincrease in language, is amyloidosis. This disease is characterized by the deposition of altered amyloid protein in all organs and tissues. Language in this case is only an externally visible organ, a marker of processes occurring in the body.
Also various systemic lesions of lymph nodes,can lead to an increase in the tongue due to the lymph node located in its thickness. The tongue can swell and grow also because of the tumor process. All these conditions require a qualitative diagnosis and adequate treatment.
Next, we summarize the information obtained.
What can it mean and what to do with it?
Allergic reaction. Occurs as a result of hyperreaction toirritant (allergen). It is dangerous for the development of Quincke's edema, which can lead to death. Treatment with antiallergic drugs, prevention of contact with the allergen.
Lowered thyroid function (hypothyroidism ). Develops a strong weakness, weakness, is dangerous by attaching co-morbidities, treatment with hormone replacement therapy under the control of the endocrinologist.
Increased function of the pituitary gland (acromegaly ). Causes considerable deformations of the body, poorly affects the skeleton, treatment of complex chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery.
Infection, trauma. Depending on the type of infection, treatment with local antiseptics, antibiotics or antimycotics.
Amyloidosis. Chronic long-term disease. Currently, therapy is only symptomatic.
Tumor of the tongue. Dangerous possibility of metastasis, extremely painful. Treatment is complex: surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy.