Puffiness of the body causes and treatment
Edema is a pathological state of accumulation of excess fluid in tissues and interstitial spaces, which occurs due to a violation of water exchange between blood and tissues.
There are many reasons whythere are some types of edema: varicose veins, heart disease, kidneys, liver, arteries, musculoskeletal system, deep vein thrombosis of the lower leg, taking certain types of medications, allergies. Temporary swelling of different parts of the body can be associated with trauma or extensive bruising. Also, temporary swelling is observed in pregnant women in the third trimester and is one of the main signs of late toxicosis.
Local edema is often allergiccharacter. As a rule, it is swelling with redness of the skin and itching. They arise first on the eyelids, then on the lips, gradually hitting the back of the palms. Allergic edema can be localized both in these characteristic zones, and spread gradually throughout the body. It was called Quincke's edema. An allergic reaction can be to a bite of an insect, any food, medicine, cosmetics or vaccine. As treatment, antihistamines are used, which significantly reduce the manifestations of allergic edema.
If swelling is associated with varicose veins,they are often accompanied by pain and a feeling of heaviness in the legs, cramps in the calf muscles. As a treatment used drugs that improve the condition of the venous wall, normalize its permeability. To prevent swelling, you can use a special compression underwear, which prevents the stagnation of excess fluid in the lower limbs.
With insufficient function of the heart,formation of so-called cardiac edema. In this case, we are talking about an active delay in the body of salts and water, and developing in heart failure, increased venous pressure and blood stasis promotes the development of edema. Because of the increased pressure in the superior vena cava, there is a spasm of lymphatic vessels, which leads to lymphatic insufficiency and further aggravates edema. The paramount task of the doctor in this case is to adjust the work of the sick organ, which will lead to the normalization of his activity, and, as a consequence, to a decrease in puffiness. To solve the problem of edema, you can take diuretics, but the choice of dose and the type of drug is the prerogative of the doctor. Be sure to take into account that with the constant intake of diuretics there is a rapid removal from the body of potassium, this very important microelement for the normal operation of the heart. Therefore it is recommended, simultaneously with diuretics, to take pananginum or asparks for the prevention of potassium loss.
It is possible to resort to the help of traditional medicine andbrew special herbal preparations, which contribute to the outflow of excess fluid. Take equal parts of the leaves of bearberry, birch buds, cowberry leaves, chopped juniper fruit. One tablespoon of this collection pour boiling water and hold for 15 minutes over low heat. Then cool the broth, strain and consume 2 tablespoons 5-6 times a day. In the fight against swelling, you can use the leaves of dandelion, which is not only an excellent diuretic, but also so rich in potassium that it perfectly compensates for its reserves in the body. Thus, you can immediately solve two problems: reduce the intensity of edema and maintain the level of potassium. Tea from the leaves of dandelion must be drunk three times a day, one glass each.
These herbs can also be used to solveproblems of kidney edema that can appear not only on the legs, but also on the face, under the eyes. This type of swelling often signals problems with the kidneys, which are caused by the transferred infectious diseases, or the violation of their functioning. In this situation, constant monitoring of the kidneys is very important, so patients with this pathology often have to pass a general urine test and a biochemical blood test.
Some drugs used to treathigh blood pressure, arthritis, osteochondrosis can cause peripheral edema. In this case, stop taking medications and seek medical advice.
To any kind of edema should be treated with due attention, because quite often they are the first signals of the onset of the disease and can help in its early diagnosis.