Edema of the nasal mucosa does not pass
- How does the disease occur?
- Symptomatology of edema of the mucous membranes of the nose
- Treatment of edema of the mucous membranes
- Recipes of traditional medicine
Edema of the nasal mucosa occurs with excess blood in thenasal vessels (hyperemia), which leads to the swelling of the membranes of the mucous channels of the respiratory organ. Edema of the nasal mucosa very often passes against the background of the inflammatory process and testifies to attempts by the body to destroy foreign bodies or eliminate the damage that caused this reflex reaction.
The main causes that lead to the appearance of ailment are as follows:
- Development of allergic reactions in the body under external influence.
- Respiratory infections of an infectious nature.
- Mechanical injuries and injuries in the nose.
An allergic reaction is due to the fact thatthe human body takes certain substances as a danger. Which of the chemical compounds cause an allergy depends on the individual differences of one or another person. To date, about 300 different allergens have been identified. The most common of them - wool, pollen of different plants, some medicines, chemicals (for example, washing powder), citrus. Under their influence, the nasal vessels expand, mucus begins to be produced, which prevents the allergen from entering the body. With these phenomena, and there is swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity.
During the development of respiratory diseases,for example, ARI or influenza, the development of edema and nasal congestion are manifested after 5 days. But this happens only when the infection has not yet passed to the additional sinuses of the respiratory organ. If bacteria penetrate these areas, sinusitis or sinusitis may develop. In the absence of proper treatment in the sinuses, there is a buildup of pus, which can then move to the eyes, jaw and brain.
Inflammation and swelling can occur on the mucosanose during hypothermia due to swimming in the cool water, staying outside in the cold season without a headdress. This is dangerous for people with weakened immunity.
Adenoids in children often lead to swelling of the mucous membrane in the nose. This is due to a lack of vitamins, infectious diseases or poor health.
Edema in the nose often appears afterhow a person received mechanical damage. Recovery from such trauma often depends on the severity and general health of the victim. If he has a strong immune system, it will happen much earlier than in a patient with diabetes, when bruises and wounds are tightened very slowly.
Edema can also occur with hormonal disorders. Often this happens in women during pregnancy in the first trimester. This is due to an excess of progesterone, and causes a sinusitis in a pregnant woman.
Along with the above factors that affect the appearance of edema of the mucous nasal, there is a group of other phenomena that can lead to the appearance of an ailment:
- Hernias developing in the brain.
- Tumors in the nasal area, both benign and malignant.
- Curvature of partitions in the respiratory system.
- The narrowness of the nasal canals is of an innate nature.
- Getting into the nose of alien objects.
- Reaction to alcohol abuse by a person.
Symptomatology of edema of the mucous membranes of the nose
If you look into the cavity of the respiratory system, then swellingcan be determined visually. In this case, the mucous membrane swells and turns red. The patient feels this in the form of stuffy nasal canals, difficulties with breathing, a sense of heaviness in the affected area.
If a person has a viral or respiratorya disease that causes swelling of the nose, it usually increases his body temperature, the head hurts, colorless discharge from the nasal canals. There are also pains in the muscles. The nose is in this case laid, and the patient can hardly breathe. The main signs of such damage are as follows:
- The patient can not distinguish between smells.
- Burning and dryness in the nose.
- The abundant allocation of tears develops.
- There is a feeling that sand is poured into your eyes.
When the infection penetrates into the sinuses of the organbreathing, the patient has a headache and a feeling of heaviness in the affected area. The patient quickly gets tired and is often irritated. In the sinuses, pus accumulates, which is secreted in the form of yellow (with blood) or green discharge. In this case, there is a sharp smell. In such cases, an adult and a child may develop chronic sinusitis.
Part of the pus accumulates and can penetrate into the jaw, eyes or brain, which causes serious complications.
With allergic damage, the swelling of the nose has such symptoms:
- The person often sneezes.
- Swelling appears almost instantly.
- Nasal passages leave colorless discharge.
- Sometimes it can be sore in the throat.
- Itching is possible on the skin of the face.
These phenomena quickly disappear after the allergen has been removed. Often, during the flowering period of plants, a painful condition can last for a week or even several months.
With mechanical trauma, tumor, curvature of septums, there are no discharge from the nose. In such situations, there may be congestion, severity, discomfort, difficulty breathing, and snoring.
Treatment of edema of the mucous membranes
If the disease is caused by trauma, then it is necessary to takepatient to a traumatologist who will determine the extent of damage to septums, bones, soft tissues and prescribe treatment. With allergies, you need to contact an allergist, and during a respiratory illness - to the otolaryngologist.
During an allergy that caused swelling, doctorsfirst determine the allergen, and then prescribe the patient antihistamines. For these purposes, usually used drugs like "Suprastin" To facilitate the patient's breathing process, it is recommended to use vasoconstrictive medications in the form of drops. If the allergy does not pass within a few hours, and the lesion begins to spread to the throat, then it is urgent to take the patient to a medical facility.
With respiratory diseases in mild form, whenno pus, fever, headaches, it is most effective to wash the nasal passages with saline solution, do inhalations. You can use warming ointments and drops, narrowing the vessels.
The patient should take antiviralmedicines in the form of tablets or powders. Such drugs are very effective, but have many side effects, so their use is prohibited for pregnant women and young children.
When the infection reaches the nasal sinuses, thenuse antiseptics and antibiotics. If the accumulation of purulent secretions has begun, then all parts of the nose should be washed with the help of "Furacilin". You can use other similar antimicrobial agents. It is advisable to do this under the supervision of the attending physician, since with a minor error, infection can spread to the region of the inner ear.
With mechanical trauma to the damaged areaThe nose must be cold, for example, a piece of ice. This narrows the blood vessels and reduces the flow of blood. As the affected tissues are restored, such edema occurs on their own. To reduce the time of this process, use various ointments, and the edema is eliminated by vasoconstrictive drops. If the edema on the mucosa has arisen because of hormonal disorders, doctors prescribe medication to the patient, which reduces the level of certain hormones in the blood.
Instead of synthetic medications that have many side effects, you can use folk recipes. Here are some of them:
- Respiratory ways in the nose can be washed with marinesalt. To do this, 1 teaspoon of this substance must be dissolved in 0.5 liters of boiling water and mix thoroughly. The solution is passed through one nostril, and poured through the other. More than three times in 24 hours this method is not recommended. It should be noted that when carrying out this procedure, the nose should not be laid.
- Iodine solution is used to wash the nasal canals in chronic sinusitis. 1-2 drops of this substance are diluted in a glass with warm water, and then rinsing is done.
- Inhalation of potatoes: it is boiled in the peel, drain the water. Then you have to cover the patient with a towel along with the pot, and he must breathe the steam of the potato until the coolant completely cools.
Any edema of the nasal mucosa is best treated after consultation with the doctor, since with improper or untimely cure, there can be dangerous complications.