Decongestants for nose

Runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion

Runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion Are common symptoms of a cold, the cause of which isvirus. Viruses that cause colds cause inflammation, which increases the penetration of fluid from the blood vessels into the tissues of the nose and even inside the nose. This is the cause of swelling of the nasal tissues, airflow obstruction, and nasal congestion.

Manifestations of the common cold can be cured for one or twoof the week. Antibiotics do not have any effect on the viruses that are the cause of the common cold. Although, bacterial infections that can follow a viral infection, for example, infections of the ear cannula (otitis) and sinuses (sinusitis) are treated with antibiotics. To relieve colds, it is recommended to drink more liquid, for example, chicken broth, tea with lemon and honey, and moisturizing the room are safe means for people of any age. Saline solutions and aerosols (salt and water) can soothe dry, irritated nasal passages. In infants and young children, saline drops and nasal cleansing with douching of the nose can temporarily help with blockage of the nasal passages.

For a short-term relief of nasal secretionin older children and adults, a decongestant for the nose can be used. Nasal decongestants are chemicals (for example, pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline, and so on), because the blood vessels are close in the nasal mucosa, a decrease in edema can help reduce nasal discharge. As a result, the nasal canal is open. Nasal decongestants can be used intranasally (nose spray, solution) or can be taken orally (tablets, drops). Decongestants for intranasal application are faster than decongestants for oral administration, but have a short action. Thus, frequent use is necessary. Decongestants for oral administration are often combined with antihistamines, with cough suppressants, or with analgesics to reduce cold / flu / allergy symptoms.

The category of drugs from the common cold includes:

  • Saline solutions (spray or aerosol for the nose);
  • decongestants for the nose (sprays and drops);
  • decongestants for the nose (oral tablets).

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