How to relieve swelling when stretching the ankle ligament

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Among all types of injuries, sprainankle is one of the most common. A rare person in his life does not turn his foot. At someone this event passes smoothly and painlessly, someone faces a string of unpleasant sensations. The occurrence of pain, bruising and swelling indicates a partial rupture of one or more ligaments (this is what is called stretching). The more serious the injury, the more painful the symptoms are. With repeated stretching, they may not occur, but for the first time - they can not be avoided.

Why stretch ligament?
Stretching the ankle joints can occurdue to a fall, impact or sudden turn of the foot. Women often injure their ankles, putting on uncomfortable high-heeled shoes or a platform. Men can tear tendons during intense sports - for example, when running on an uneven surface. In some people, ligaments are torn due to the natural weakness of the latter - either congenital or acquired after a previous injury.

Before treating the sprain of the ankle,it is necessary to determine that it is a partial, rather than a complete rupture of all tendons (that is, a dislocation) and the exit of the ankle from its normal position. The doctor-traumatologist can put the exact diagnosis. Independently to distinguish a stretch from a more serious injury (for example, an ankle fracture) is possible only by the nature of the pain: if it is impossible to endure, then all further questions must be solved with a specialist. Tolerable pain and moderate swelling indicate normal stretching, which can be cured at home.

How to treat ankle sprain?
The first thing to do when rupturing ligaments -this is to provide the foot with complete peace. It is achieved by bed rest (for at least three days), during which the ankle should be on a small elevation. The position of the foot at a level slightly above the level of the heart allows you to create an outflow of blood, reduce pain and swelling.

In the first hours after injury, the ankle needscold (ice) compresses. They must be applied to the injured place for ten to fifteen minutes every half hour. In total, you need to make at least two or three compresses.

Relieve severe pain when stretching the ligaments helpclassic painkillers and ointments. You can buy them in any pharmacy. Which ones? The apothecary will prompt. Analgesics are now selling a lot, and almost all are suitable for treatment.

Please note that when rubbing the ointment, do not press too hard on the damaged tissue. Ointment should be applied easily and freely.

The first week after injury is highly desirableensure ankle full immobility. This can be done with the help of an elastic ankle (looks like a toe without heel and fingers), an elastic bandage (wrapped around the foot and ankle in the shape of an "eight") or a simple, tight toe. The fixing bandage is applied after sleeping, when the edema becomes smaller.

As soon as the edema and pain disappear, you can startdo a light massage. In the first days it is best to stroke and knead the area located next to the place of injury. Then you can go directly to the stretched ankle.

At the final stage of treatment, it is recommendedUse a special set of exercises to restore the flexibility of the foot and the strength of the calf muscles. Therapeutic exercise is necessary to activate the ligaments and correctly incorporate them into the work.