Swelling of the throat first aid

Causes of laryngeal edema

There are inflammatory and non-inflammatorythe nature of this process. In the first case, it appears as a condition accompanying the disease with laryngeal tonsillitis, phlegmonous laryngitis, epiglottis abscess, festering in the root of the tongue, damage to the cervical spine, pharynx or oral cavity.

Non-inflammatory nature of the laryngeal edemadetermines the condition, provoked by diseases of the cardiovascular system or kidneys, can be a reaction to the use of drugs or food. Also, diseases such as circulatory disorders in the larynx, due to the transmission of veins and lymphatic vessels or cirrhosis, can lead to the appearance of such a pathological condition.

In young children, laryngeal edema can trigger the use of too hot food or any mechanical damage to the foreign body, as well as surgical intervention.

First aid for swelling of the larynx

When the most initial signs appearedema of the larynx should immediately call an ambulance, otherwise, the patient will simply suffocate. While waiting for a specialist, the following measures should be taken:
- remove clothing that impedes the breathing of the victim (unbutton the collar, untie the tie or remove the scarf);
- block the effect of the allergen if the edema is provoked by it (stop taking food, medicine, remove insect sting);
- Immerse the patient's legs or hands in hot water (39 - 40oC);
- sprinkle the affected person's larynx with a 0.1% solution of epinephrine hydrochloride;
- to drip into the nose any vasoconstrictive drops;
- whenever possible, administer intramuscularly antihistamines ("Dimedrol", "Suprastin", "Pipolphen" or "Tavegil").

In the event that the laryngeal edema is provoked by any injection or bite of an insect in the arm or leg, it is necessary to apply a tourniquet above the site of the allergen's penetration.

The treatment of the laryngeal edema is mainly directed toelimination of the underlying disease or allergen. With the inflammatory nature of this process, an abscess is opened and an anti-inflammatory therapy is prescribed. If the process is allergic, prescribe a course of special antihistamines or glucocorticosteroids.