Edema of the face and eye causes treatment
Most often, puffiness on the face occurs afterawakening in the morning. As a rule, this can be facilitated by an uncomfortable posture during sleep. But sometimes, if there is swelling of the face, the causes of this condition may be more serious. Puffiness can spread to the neck, causing additional discomfort and even the risk of death. In any case, whatever the reasons, before you remove the swelling from your face, you need to consult with specialists.
Edema on the face is one of those signs,which rarely go unnoticed. Causes are violations of the hormonal background, the endocrine system, the development of an allergic reaction. Swelling of tissues can be localized on one part of the face or spread to its entire surface. If there is a unilateral swelling in the face, the reasons may be less dangerous factors (for example, an insect bite, acne formation, etc.).
Localized (unilateral) facial edema may occur due to the following factors:
1. The enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck and face area occurs in the presence of an infection of the respiratory tract, can be accompanied by soreness, swelling and reddening of the skin around them.
2. Sinusitis often leads to swelling of the face in the eyebrows and in the upper part of the cheeks, which is associated with inflammation of the maxillary sinuses.
3. Dental infection can also cause localized edema of the face, the causes of which are the formation of abscesses, purulent cavities due to untimely or poor-quality treatment of a dental infection.
4. Eye infection leads to the formation of swelling in this area (inflammation of the hair follicle, barley).
5. Inflammation of the salivary glands also occurs due to infection and causes swelling in the jaw area.
6. Congenital cysts and tumors (eg, hemangiomas).
Puffiness on the entire surface of the face can contribute to the following negative factors:
1. An allergic reaction can be associated with food, medications (eg, Quincke's edema), blood transfusions, insect bites. Edema is accompanied by a rash, itching and flushing of the skin.
2. Injuries to the face (abrasions, bruises, postoperative swelling).
3. Kidney disease leads to a decrease in the level of protein in the body, which causes the accumulation of fluid in the tissues under the skin.
Signs of edema on the face
Before removing the swelling from the face, it is important to determine when it is possible to do with home treatment, and when the help of specialists is required.
The characteristic symptoms of the disease include swellingSkin and soft tissues of the face, accompanied by pain. There may be a fever, a headache, a feeling of general malaise. Sometimes there may be pain when chewing or swallowing food, itching in the eye area.
To more serious symptoms that require emergency help from specialists, include:
- edema of the face after a mechanical head injury;
- a strong rash, boils;
- cyanosis of the skin (pallor or cyanosis of the skin);
- sudden swelling of the face.
Arriving in time specialists will help to quickly remove the swelling from the face and give recommendations for further treatment.
Swelling of the face in children
Features of edema of the face in children are due tosevere forms of anemia and some infectious diseases (eg, whooping cough, parotitis and others). In addition, some medicines that cause an allergic reaction (salicylate, penicillin, lytic mixtures, nitrofurantoin and other agents) can cause the disease.
At an early age, the swelling of the face can be causedinflammation of the nasal cavity, tonsils, teeth and gums with teething, as well as stasis of lymph in the lymph nodes and other causes. The most rare causes are dermatological diseases.
To successfully treat an ailment and know how to cleanswelling from the face, it is necessary to undergo diagnostics and be examined. For this, doctors recommend that blood and urine be handed over for clinical analysis to exclude infections in the body, pass kidney functional tests, and check other systems. In addition, it is important to exclude hepatitis, HIV, autoimmune diseases.
Treatment of edema on the face
Before removing the swelling from your face, you needto determine what exactly caused their appearance. Treatment can be carried out by traditional and folk methods, with the help of medicines and preparations made from medicinal plants.
If the disease manifests itself as a result of injury or impaired blood circulation, then it is necessary to perform procedures that promote the outflow of blood, lymph, and rest more.
If there is swelling in the face after sleep,Use a higher pillow so that the head is as high as possible relative to the entire body. To the swollen areas it is recommended to apply cold soothing compresses. High temperatures will only exacerbate the swelling of the tissues. However, applying ice directly to the skin is not recommended: it is better to wrap it in a towel. Repeat the procedure can be several times a day.
It is known that swelling is a consequence offluid retention in the body, so for its prompt withdrawal should adhere to a salt-free diet. A high level of sodium promotes the swelling of the tissues, as a result of which there is swelling of the face. Treatment involves the use of a large amount of liquid (pure water), which helps to wash out excess salt from the body.
If the causes of edema are hormonal orallergic nature, to eliminate them should be used drugs. In the treatment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used. In addition to eliminating inflammation and swelling of the tissues, they allow you to remove pain syndrome. These drugs include drugs "Ibuprofen", "Acetaminophen", "Naproxen" and others. If the cause of the tumor is a deficiency of magnesium in the body, you should take drugs containing magnesium and eat foods rich in this mineral.
Means from edemas of the face can be medicamentous and folk. Both of them effectively help to get rid of swelling of tissues, accumulation of fluid in the body, improve the overall condition of the patient.
In particular, drugs are used"Kanefron", "Phytolysin", "Furosemide", "Cyston" and others. Medication "Kanefron" is a herbal remedy, which includes rosemary, lovage, gold-thousander. Its action is aimed at reducing the permeability of capillaries, it has a mild diuretic effect, improves kidney function. In addition, the drug "Kanefron" enhances the effect of antibacterial drugs. When taking this drug, it is recommended to use a large amount of pure water to prevent dehydration.
The agent "Phytolysin" in its consistencylike a paste. It also consists of plant components and is used to treat diseases of the genitourinary system, and also effectively fights against swelling. To reduce the swelling of tissues, improve their blood supply and remove spasms of smooth muscles and blood vessels use magnesium preparations (for example, "Mange B6"). A good antispasmodic, reducing edema, is the drug "Eufillin." Its peculiarity is that it promotes the excretion of sodium, chlorine and water from the body. However, the drug has contraindications: low blood pressure, heart disease, epilepsy.
The drug "Furosemide" helps blockingreverse absorption of sodium in the kidneys, increases the excretion of phosphates, calcium, potassium, magnesium and bicarbonates from the body. Side effects include lowering blood pressure, the appearance of thrombi on the legs, weakness, liver and kidney damage, temporary loss of hearing and vision.
Therefore, the removal of swelling with medicinal products should be carried out strictly according to their instructions or in a hospital under the supervision of medical personnel.
Traditional treatment of edema on the face
Before removing the swelling from the face folkit is important to understand that some medicines prepared at home can exacerbate the course of the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to choose such plants, the action of which is well known and does not cause allergies.
An excellent anti-edematous effect possessdiuretic plants (cranberry leaf, dog rose, parsley). Inside as a drink take their decoctions 3-4 times a day. Well remove the swelling compresses of sea salt. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous effect. Compress should be done daily, 2-4 times a day. In addition, you must follow a diet, do not eat foods that prevent the removal of fluid from the body, eat more fruits and vegetables, drink clean water, green tea, medicinal decoctions.
To avoid the appearance of edema on the face, you should stop using foods (or limit their amount), which can cause an allergic reaction (nuts, milk, eggs).
It is necessary to monitor food, health, avoid infections. For sleep, you need to use extra pillows to keep your head in a raised position.