Allergy eye swelling what to do
Allergy Is an increased sensitivity of the body toto any allergen, too strong a reaction to it of the human immune system. Allergy is becoming more common every day. Affect this disease is capable of people of different ages. Various substances can act as allergens: pollen of plants, household chemicals, cosmetics, food, animal wool, etc. Almost every person faced the problem of allergy. One of the manifestations of the disease is eye swelling with allergies.
The eyes are quite vulnerable to exposureallergens, which is associated with the physiological characteristics of its structure. There are several causes of allergic reactions. However, to date, the disease is not fully understood. His complete cure is not yet possible.
There are certain prerequisites for the development of the disease. These include the following:
- unfavorable ecological situation;
- harmful working conditions or living conditions;
- chronic fatigue, persistent stress, persistent and lack of sleep, addiction to bad habits;
- presence of chronic diseases, infectious diseases, injuries;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, as a result of which the degree of purification of the body decreases;
- hereditary predisposition to the occurrence of allergic reactions.
Allergic reactions can be manifestedvarious symptoms. Eye swelling with allergies often occurs as a result of irritation with substances that have been for a while in close contact with the skin of the eyelids or even the surface of the eyes. Various cosmetic or medicinal products can cause an allergic reaction.
The most common forms of allergic reactions of the eyes are as follows:
- Allergic conjunctivitis can occur in an acute form or pass into a chronic one. The disease is accompanied by lacrimation, redness of the eyes and swelling of the mucous eyes.
- Allergic dermatitis is manifested by pronounced reddening of the skin and facial swelling. On the skin of the eyelids, rashes may occur, which are accompanied by itching and burning.
- Swelling under the eyes for allergies may appear andwith pollinous conjunctivitis. Seasonal disease. In addition to edema and other symptoms of conjunctivitis, general symptoms of allergy are observed. It can be a runny nose, sneezing, shortness of breath, bronchial asthma, skin rashes, cough.
- Keratoconjunctivitis (or spring conjunctivitis)occurs as a result of individual intolerance to elevated doses of ultraviolet radiation. The disease affects only children, most often the disease begins as a result of contact with allergens of some plants. In addition to the symptoms of conjunctivitis, there is photophobia and formation on the surface of the eyelids (papillary growths).
Allergic conjunctivitis especially affects carriers of contact lenses. Any of the components of the solution for lenses, or the lenses themselves, can be intolerable to humans.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of a surveypatient, the observation of changes in his condition as a result of the onset of a certain season of the year, as well as the symptoms of an allergic reaction of the eyes. To confirm the presence of an allergy, a blood test is performed to determine the number of eosinophils. Skin tests are performed to determine the type of allergen in the clinic.
The first thing to do after stagingdiagnosis of allergies - this eliminates any contact with the allergen. If this is not possible, then contact with substances that cause an increased reaction of the body should be limited. In addition, symptomatic treatment is necessary. In order to learn how to remove eye swelling with allergies, it is best to contact an allergist. Allergy symptoms are removed with local and systemic therapy. The danger of self-medication is that medications have various side effects. Only a doctor is able to prescribe adequate treatment for allergies, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient. Treatment is appointed after a thorough examination.
The main means of removing allergic reactionsare antihistamines. They are available in various forms, so they can be taken internally in the form of tablets, and can offer the patient the use of drops and sprays. What to do with eye swelling? To remove eye swelling apply NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), vasoconstrictors or corticosteroids. These drugs have an anti-inflammatory effect, resulting in reduced eye swelling.
Corticosteroids in the form of drops and ointmentsapply in addition to complex therapy. The danger of using these drugs is their multiple side effects. With their use, it is possible to increase intraocular pressure or progression of the pathology of the "dry" eye. It is also possible to reduce local immunity.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in combination with the treatment of severe conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis and uveitis.
Vasotherapy (decongestants)actively used to relieve allergy symptoms, they reduce the redness of the eyes and relieve their swelling. For a long time, their use is not recommended. Treatment becomes less effective, and the body begins to get used to drugs.
Treatment of allergies is best done in the form ofimmunotherapy. To maintain the body and restore the protective forces lead a course of vaccination, after which the patient's condition is markedly improved. Also vaccinated with an allergen detected, which is not effective for all types of allergies. Under the skin of the patient, the allergen is administered in microscopic doses, after which the patient's immune system ceases to react to it.
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