The baby has a runny nose swelling
Edema of the nose is often confused with the usual stuffinesswith a cold. It is especially difficult to distinguish one from another if it is a question of a toddler who can not really explain the peculiarities of his state. Nasal edema in a child is able to develop at any age, even in a newborn, and requires mandatory diagnosis and treatment.
Under the edema is understood the increase in the sizes of tissuesmucous membranes of the nasal passages due to inflammation of the blood vessels. Edema can be similar in symptoms to the nasal congestion in the child in the early days of a cold, when mucus does not yet leak from the nose. But in the latter case, all the symptoms of the disease are associated with the presence of a large amount of viscous mucus, and not with inflammation of the capillaries. Treatment of edema and nasal congestion will also differ.
Causes of edema of the nose in a child
The most common causes of this pathology,as a strong edema of the nose, are associated with an allergic reaction. Allergic edema can be recognized by itching, irritation in the nose, periodic secretions of clear mucus and pronounced nasal congestion. The child often wants to sneeze, and the normalization of nasal breathing can only occur in a dream.
Allergic rhinitis, namely the so-called condition, accompanied by swelling, is able to develop if any irritants enter the nasal passages:
- Wool of animals;
- Household allergens;
- When taking medicines or consuming allergenic food
The causes of such a phenomenon as a swelling of the nose in a child,may be due to a cold or SARS. Not always the disease begins with "snot creeping" and sneezing. Some types of infection can not cause the separation of liquid mucus for a long time, but are accompanied by a throat swelling, coughing and swelling of the nose. Especially often there is a cold in a child who has a curved nasal septum, narrowed nasal passages or signs of vasomotor rhinitis. Correction of the septum of the nose with a laser gives remarkable results and relieves the feeling of nasal congestion.
Sometimes the reasons for the swelling of the nose are covered in damagethis organ after a stroke, a bruise. Having fallen, the kid can not pay attention to a trauma, and internal hematoma is capable to provoke symptoms of a stuffy nose within 1-2 days.
A severe swelling of the nose due to a bruise is often accompanied by soreness in this area of the face, an external swelling, a bruise, or a bleeding from the nose.
Another very common reason is thatdevelops a swelling of the nose - proliferation of adenoids. Chronic inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsil (adenoids in the nose in the child) closes the "vicious circle": the sluggish foci of infection leads to the constant presence of bacteria in the nasopharynx and the defeat of the vascular network. Also, a prolonged edema of the nose is observed in children whose parents are uncontrolled with vasoconstrictive drugs. The addictive syndrome causes a chronic inflammation of the vessels of the nose, so without a "favorite" drops the baby can not breathe at all.
Non-medicamentous methods of elimination of edema
Of course, put the right diagnosis and appointa treatment that can remove the swelling of the nose, should the doctor. After performing the rhinoscopy and examining the pharynx, he will identify the cause of the unpleasant symptom. Sometimes a baby may need a nasopharynx radiograph.
To reduce the swelling of the nose, you should increaseair humidity in the room. In most apartments during the heating season, humidity does not exceed 30-40%, whereas for normal functioning of the nasal mucosa, a humidity of about 70% is necessary.
Another way, as a child to remove the pronouncedswelling of the nose - do inhalations with a nebulizer or other inhaler with saline or mineral water. This will help moisturize the mucous membrane and normalize the condition of the capillaries. A little less effective, but still useful method - to drip into the nose or wash it with saline or a solution of sea salt.
Allergic edema of the nose is often completelypasses or takes place at the child even if treatment has not been spent, but all contacts with an irritant have been liquidated. Edema on the background of the common cold, if there is no high temperature, can be eliminated by warming the baby's legs before going to bed in hot water. Swelling due to chronic inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsillar (adenoiditis) is perfectly treated by the course lavage on the apparatus "Cuckoo".
Medication for nasal edema
Usually the child has a strong swelling of the nose, includingincluding allergic, help vasoconstrictive drops. But these drugs do not cure the cause of the disease, especially if it is associated with trauma or adenoids. Therefore, in order to avoid negative consequences, treatment with vasoconstrictive drops is carried out strictly with the appointment of a doctor and without exceeding the indicated time limits.
The best drugs for children from this group are:
If the doctor has determined that the edema is allergic, thenthe child is recommended antihistamines - Zirtek, Zodak, Telfast, Suprastin, Loratidine, Fenistil, Allergodil. There are also special preparations for removing the edema from the nose of a systemic action - for example, the syrup of Traipad.
When the edema develops against a background of bacterialAfter the use of vasoconstrictive drops, antibiotic treatment is prescribed. In the nose drip or spray Polidex, Isofra, Sofrax, Bioparox, Miramistin, as well as herbal preparation Pinosol. Inflamed adenoids, in addition to the course of physiotherapy, may require treatment with glucocorticosteroids (Nazonex, Avamis). In some cases, a chronic edema of the nose in a child can only be treated promptly - removal of adenoids.
Folk remedies for swelling of the nasal mucosa
Severe edema of the nose can be eliminated and with the help ofpopular methods. But some of them can cause an allergy in the baby, for example, loved by many inhalations with fir or eucalyptus oil. Therefore, any treatment should be agreed with the doctor, treatment of a cold in the baby without a doctor is prohibited.
The most effective ways to remove the swelling of the nose:
1. Bury or wash the nose infusion of mother-and-stepmother, plantain and marigold. The mixture from equal parts of plants is brewed with boiling water from the calculation of a spoon on a glass of water, insist and apply to the intended purpose.
2. Drip 3 drops of a mixture of carrot juice (spoon) and olive oil (spoon) into the nose. On the day, repeat 3 procedures.
3. Use beet juice, aloe juice for instillations. This method can be justified only if the edema develops against a bacterial infection of the nasopharynx.
Swelling of the nasal mucosa in a child can beprevent if you do not allow contact with allergens, exclude the child's hypothermia and in time treat all infections without letting them go into a chronic condition.
Every child sooner or later suffers from a cold, nasal congestion. Rhinitis is one of the most common diseases on the planet. Useful tips shared with the audience Mariya Bezhko
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