Paw edema in the dog what to do
Setting up a four-legged friend, each owneryou should know that many health problems that you may have to face are associated with paws. None of the animals is insured against injuries and diseases, and depending on the breed, the pet may suffer from the following:
- paw injuries
- spine injury
- joint dysplasia
- cones or tumors
A fight is a traumatic occupation.
Most often, the paws of large dogs suffer fromstreet fights, improper training, ice. Small rocks are unsuccessful enough to jump off the couch, fall off the step or be accidentally crushed by the owners. So the size of the dog affects only the cause of dislocations, bruises, sprains and fractures of the paws.
When getting stretching or bruising the dog usually limps on the damaged paw, the damaged joint can be swollen. The animal with fear comes on the paw. After a dream, he can whine.
Doctors do not need to call, with a bruise it is necessary to apply a cold compress on the 1st day for 30 minutes. every 2 hours. On the 2-3rd day, a heating pad, a sock with warm salt, warm with a blue lamp.
And when stretching, an elastic bandage is applied. Active games are not allowed.
As dislocations, both fractures are very dangerous, and it is up to the problem categorically not. When dislocated, the bone protrudes from the joint. The tissue around the joint swells, but unlike stretching, the dog can not become a paw. Only a veterinarian can correctly correct the joint in place. If the fracture is open, the bone is visible from the outside. With closed fracture of the paw in the dog, the affected limb looks shorter than the other.
In both cases, it is necessary to fix the paw, perhaps, to fix the dog on the shield. Put cold on the damaged area, and give the animal analgin. And as soon as possible to deliver to the vet clinic.
The patient's spine is weak.
Usually a terrified host calls the veterinaryclinic with the words: "The paws are taken away from the dog!" and asking them to explain what happened to the pet. In such cases, it is worth remembering the variety of causes and possible consequences.
When the dog only had a problem, very muchit is important to comply with all the veterinarian's instructions in time. However, usually the most accurate way to accurately determine the cause becomes the delivery of appropriate tests and X-rays. And if the dog's back paws are denied, then the most common reason for this is usually spinal cord injury .
The likelihood of an illness is greaterdegree in small and medium-sized breeds. These include, first and foremost, dachshunds, and after them - brachycephalic breeds - dogs with a short neck, a round head, a flat snout and a flat nose (Pekingese, Bulldog). Genetically representatives of these breeds are predisposed to such a disease. The problems of lesion of intervertebral discs can begin at the age of 3 to 8 years. Moreover, even the best education and care does not guarantee perfect health.
But do not think that representatives of suchlarge breeds like Great Danes, German Shepherds, Rottweilers and others are not affected by such diseases. They have the opportunity to "make happy" such a disease of themselves and their owner is usually on the background of other diseases at a more respectful age. The development of the disease in these breeds is much slower, initially the dog limps on one of the hind legs and the host may have time to respond to the disease.
Before the failure of the hind limbs, a gradual increase in symptoms occurs, the following picture can be observed. To be ill with a dog begins not the back, but the paws. Initially, it may be a mild pain, and thenthe dog can not step on the hind paw, limping. Further in the limbs there is weakness, and then the paws of the dog begin to shake and buckle. Lastly, there is a gradual numbness. After that, the hind legs are refused, and no begging will help lift the pet to his feet.
Damage to the spine may fail.
It is clear that a very noisy and active kid cannot only to distract from business, to soak the rug in the corridor and to damage the furniture, but also to harm yourself, too. This is possible during an active pastime, when the dog can fall from a height, slip, get hurt during a fight, sharp turns, when running. Accordingly, the dog is injured by mechanical damage, namely compression of the spinal cord. Immediately stop the supply of oxygen,normal supply of blood and nutrients. There is swelling, and squeezed cells can erode and disrupt the passage of impulses that control the work of the limbs. In the worst case, even a rupture of the spinal cord is possible.
With the genetic predisposition of a dog, several types of diseases are possible:
- Osteochondrosis - disruption of the intervertebral discs and joints occurs due to microcirculation problems, genetic defects in development or manifestation of previously received injuries;
- Degenerative diseases - develop as a consequence of disturbance of the metabolic process in the tissues of the spine, which is fraught with a dangerous disease of the entire spine and complex treatment;
- Tumors - develop in the vertebrae, which is dangerous for the spinal cord and the signal nerves, up to the vertebral column fracture.
Due to age, large dogs are susceptible to sucha disease like spondylosis. It is a disease of gradual aging of the vertebrae. There is a slow defeat of all parts of the vertebra, at first occasionally the dog squats on the hind legs, and after a while they refuse. But to avoid this process is almost impossible because of its naturalness.
The dog limped? Immediately to the vet.
Depending on how strong and howlong there was a negative impact on the spine, so much more pronounced external manifestations of the disease. The degree of danger of damage can be seen from the behavior of the dog. The first stage will be visible in violation of gait (lameness), trembling of the paws, unwillingness to get up. The extreme degree of lesion is visible with complete loss of sensitivity and failure of hind paws.
What should I do if I have symptoms?
It is worthwhile to understand that regardless of the featuresexternal signs, it is necessary as soon as possible to go to the veterinary clinic. It is impossible to treat the pet yourself, it can significantly worsen the situation until his death. Immediately react after the first signschanged behavior. As soon as there is a reaction to pain when the position changes, lameness, screaming, you need to take the dog to the veterinarian, otherwise procrastination can cause serious consequences.
When getting a spinal injury, the dog can nottransport in the usual way. It should be fixed to a fixed surface (for example, on a board) with straps or bandages. Do not self-administer painkillers, as the dog from pain ceases to resist too much during transportation. In the veterinary clinic, the health of the pet will mostly depend on the professionalism of the specialists.
Shepherds, Great Danes, Labradors. retrievers and others there is a dangerous predisposition to hip joint disease - dysplasia, in which they are destroyed. Usually the disease begins to develop in the period from 12 to 18 months. The reason is the rapid growth and large weight of the puppy. Such a large load on the joints leads to their destruction. You can see how the dog limps, this symptom manifests itself in two years.
Dysplasia of the hip joints is a scourge of large breeds.
In this case, genetic predispositionhave the majority of large breed dogs. Very much depends on the professionals who breed dogs for sale. It is important that they carefully reject sick animals and do not allow them to multiply.
In dogs that do not have ancestors with such a disease,there are far fewer opportunities to inherit sick joints. However, the option of improper care is possible. This is especially true of the compassionate masters who surround their pets with excessive attention. In this case, for each manifestation of the excitement of the puppy, the host reacts: "Yes he's hungry!" Or the reluctance to devote time to the baby manifests itself in filling the dog's bowl with delicacies. Since the baby does not control his appetite, and the owners do not establish the correct regime, he begins to rapidly grow fat.
If food is given within normal limits, thenIt is worthwhile to check not the quantity, but the quality of food. Scientists have found that the lack of proper proportions of phosphorus and calcium in eating a pet also causes dysplasia. And this is very common when using cheap dry food or excessive use of meat as a main dish.
In most cases, the external manifestation of the diseaseoccurs gradually. Before the manifestation of lameness, the dog just often lies on the floor, the hind legs are directed in different directions. During the run, the dog is shaking with paws or running rabbit, pushing with both paws. Touching the hip, you can get the impression that the dog has cramps of the paws, from which it whimpers.
When these symptoms manifest themselves immediatelygo to the veterinary clinic, and not wait for the complete failure of the limbs. There is no medical treatment to get rid of dysplasia. There is only a suspension of its development. The only option is completely cured - an expensive operation.
It is worthwhile to understand that cones and tumors are radically different. So, on the feet of large dogs there are tumorsin the form of dark skin growths. They form directly on the bone, affecting mainly the forelimbs. In this case, the dogs begin to limp and refuse to get up for a morning walk. Appear externally usually at the age of 6 years.
A cone on a paw can have a different origin. If in a few days it passes, then nothing else is worth doing, it just had the nature of an easy inflammation. Otherwise, the cone is dangerous, because it belongs to one of two categories. If its growth is slow, and it is located only in one place - then this tumor is benign. Malignant tumors are cancers that grow rapidly and affect other tissues. They can bleed, breaking through the tissue.
When there is a tumor or cone that does not pass throughWithin 2-3 days, it is worth contacting the veterinarian. The dog's health will depend on the timeliness of the action and the ability to cut out the formation with the least consequences. That is why it is necessary to take a responsible attitude towards your pet so that it can be healthy and can rejoice its owners for many years.