Reasons for canine swelling
Edema Is a condition in which excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body is observed. There is a definite classification of edema, which can be conditionally divided into two groups.
The first group includes swelling of the lungs, the brain, and also the accumulation of fluid in the tissues of various internal organs and cavities.
The second group includes the so-calledperipheral edema, which are characterized by their localization: the dermis, as well as the subcutaneous tissue, is swelling. The danger of this phenomenon is that the owner of the animal is often unable to notice swelling in the early stages - in most cases, the puffiness is noticed by a specialist. However, if the cause of fluid accumulation is not eliminated, the swelling of the paws, and sometimes the head and stomach can be seen not even by a professional.
Possible causes of edema in dogs
It should be remembered that swelling of the paws or other partsthe body is, above all, a clinical sign, not a single disease. This clinical sign arises because of the excessive release of fluid from the vessels. The swelling of the body itself has a certain classification. For example, edema can be mild, severe and simply expressed. As for the prevalence of edema, they can be conditionally divided into local (located in a certain area) and generalized (throughout the body of the animal). Such edema can be caused by a number of special factors and diseases, among which:
- Mechanical damage to the skin;
- Appearance of the focus of inflammation;
- Infection or sepsis (these disorders usually provoke generalized edema);
- Different types of allergies (this reaction usually affects the dog's muzzle and neck);
- Insect bites, for example, bees or wasps;
- A marked decrease in albumin in the blood of the dog, caused by a number of liver diseases, including cirrhosis, hepatitis, and tumors of this organ;
- Too much protein loss is due to the progression of diseases such as chronic or acute renal failure.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by frequent diarrhea.
- Increased pressure in the vessels, which occurs, as a rule, due to the slowing of the flow of blood. Similar often happens in chronic kidney or heart failure.
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes or their removal through surgery.
Definition and treatment of diseases that caused peripheral edema
The primary task of a veterinarian is precisely to identify the cause of edema.
Perhaps the easiest is to recognizePuffiness caused by mechanical damage to tissues (trauma) or inflammation. In such cases, various antibiotics and antiseptic agents are usually prescribed.
If the dog has swelling caused byan allergic reaction (angioedema), it is worth immediately withdrawing the animal to a specialist. With this type of swelling, the neck and the head of the dog are affected. As a rule, the vet tries to restore the normal operation of the respiratory tract. In some cases, adrenaline is used. Typically, the treatment of Quincke's edema involves the use of steroid hormones, such as prednisolone. In this case, such an allergy is rarely treated with pills, since the most effective are the injections of medications.
To diagnose a low albumin contentcan be done by biochemical analysis. Treatment of such a symptom involves the introduction of albumin, colloidal solutions, as well as a balanced full and complete diet. In some cases, diuretics are actively used, however, this kind of therapy should be done very carefully. It is worth remembering that such a swelling of the paw or other part of the body is always due to serious abnormalities in the functioning of the body. If these violations are not related to diarrhea or impaired diet, it is necessary to try to diagnose diseases of internal organs. For this, ultrasound is usually used, urine analysis is taken, biochemical analysis is performed.
Heart failure provokesthe appearance of edema is rare, however, just in case, the veterinarian nevertheless conducts palpation of the pulse and examines the mucous membranes in order to detect abnormalities in the work of the heart.
Edema caused by inflammation of the lymph nodesor venous outflow, are also observed infrequently. Paw edema is more common after removal of various tumors, since during such operations lymph nodes are removed. In such cases, you need to pay attention to the doctor.
If a pet is bitten by a stinging insect, thislike a wasp, do not worry much. Usually, in such cases, edema is not strong. It is worth watching the dog and, if necessary, treat the affected area with a special antiseptic (suitable zelenka or iodine). If the puffiness causes great anxiety in the animal, the pet should be shown a specialist who can prescribe the administration of corticosteroids. However, if the dog suffers from an allergy, and Quincke's swelling develops, you can not delay in any case: the animal needs to be urgently taken to the clinic.
In principle, it is possible that a dogjust paws after walking. However, the owners should be aware that the swelling of the paws never occurs just like that. In order to avoid future problems with health, it is better to conduct a routine examination of the dog.
As for the folk remediespuffiness, it is better not to use them. Firstly, the "grandmother's" methods are unlikely to lead to any noticeable result, and secondly, it can be just dangerous.