Tablets with swelling of the quinta
Some people mistakenly consider an allergy notwhich bring special harm. But there are many allergic reactions that can cause significant harm to the human body, up to a lethal outcome.
Therefore, it is desirable for every person to know about such reactions and ways of providing first aid. One of the most dangerous allergic reactions is Quincke's edema.
Edema Quincke (giant urticaria) - allergic reaction, which is characterized byinflammation and swelling of the subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes, skin. This disease can happen to a person of any age and sex. The main feature of this allergic reaction is the sudden appearance of edema, its rapid spread and the same dramatic disappearance (from a couple of minutes to several hours) with the right treatment.
Physicians distinguish two main groups of allergic reactions. immediate type and slow. Since Quincke's swelling appears suddenly, he was referred to the first type of reaction. There is swelling due to the ingress of an allergen into the human body, which in turn leads to the production of an enormous amount of histamine by the body.
What can cause angioedema?
• The most common allergen in Quinck's swelling(approximately 80%) are medications. Many people for various reasons ignore the control of the medicines they use. However, allergic reaction can cause both the simplest drugs and more serious medicines. Among the possible pathogens of allergies more often occur: vitamins (more often group B), aspirin, antibiotics, penicillin, iodinated drugs.
• With the advent and wide spread of foodadditives (emulsifiers, preservatives, colorants) increased the number of allergic reactions due to food intake. So in our time, the allergen can be found in absolutely any food product, even those that are difficult to suspect (vegetables, fruits, cheeses, marinades, salads, sausages).
• The next cause of histamine release may bebecome pollen, which is formed due to flowering plants, industrial and domestic dust. Also, the ingestion of an allergen into the body is possible after an insect bite.
• Cosmetic products (mascara, lipstick, paints, varnishes) and household chemicals (detergents, detergent) can become yet another culprit for the appearance of edema.
• Quincke's swelling may also be caused by various weather conditions (heat or cold).
• Allergic reactions can occur due to various diseases of the endocrine system or due to parasitic or viral infections (giardiasis, hepatitis, helminthic infestations).
• Histamine release can triggeralcohol consumption. Especially often this happens if, in combination with alcoholic beverages, a large amount of food is consumed. As usual, the number of sick people increases during public holidays.
• In some cases, allergicpredisposition can be transmitted by inheritance. So with poor heredity in the body may be insufficient number of certain enzymes that are responsible for neutralizing substances that can lead to swelling of the tissues. During the hereditary manifestation of the edema of Quincke, the skin and mucous membrane of the body (respiratory tract, GIT) suffer most.
Also, with a hereditary allergic reaction, exacerbations can occur as a result of acute illnesses, severe stress, changes in body temperature.
Most often, Quincke's edema appears on the limbs,mucous membranes of the mouth, face, genitals (ie on the areas of the body with loose fiber). However, edema can develop on any part of the human body.
Symptoms of the edema of Quincke include the following manifestations:
• A sharp appearance of puffiness, whichsubsequently swiftly grows on the back of the hand, cheek, lip. As a rule, the increase in edema stops after a couple of hours, but the swelling itself can last for several days (depending on the measures taken, the characteristics of the body).
• There may be dull pain or a feeling of eruption in place of the swelling. Also, an allergic reaction may be accompanied by itching. Unpleasant feelings usually stop with an attack.
• Owing to the swelling of the cheeks, the eyes may swim.
• If the swelling is formed in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract or esophagus, then in this case there is difficulty swallowing, there may be diarrhea or vomiting, pain in the stomach.
• Edema of the mucous membranes is usually accompanied by severe headache, dizziness, confusion.
• During the swelling, kidney damage may occur, which in turn makes urination difficult.
• Edema in the respiratory tract and nasopharynxare considered the most dangerous. With such edema, the patient may have a cough, difficulty breathing, hoarseness, a feeling of anxiety, and the skin on the face becomes bluish (later turns pale).
• Quincke's edema can form in the tongue orlarynx. An increase in such swelling can lead to asphyxia (suffocation). Also, such an allergic reaction is usually accompanied by a loss of sonority, the tongue becomes bluish, it becomes difficult to breathe.
Quite often Quincke's edema is the beginning of another immediate allergic reaction - anaphylactic shock, which, according to its development, is considered a more severe form of allergy.
First aid for swelling of Quincke
• If you are near a person who hasthere was angioedema, then first of all it is necessary to call an ambulance team. This should be done despite the possible satisfactory state of the patient.
• Try to stop contact of the allergen withvictims. To do this, remove all items that can cause an allergic reaction away from the patient, do not allow the victim to continue to take food or drinks, medicines, remove if necessary the insect's sting from the human body.
• Try not to panic (or not to show panic), calm the victim, talk to him about anything distracting. These actions will relieve the emotional stress.
• To ensure free breathing, unbutton the patient tight-fitting clothing, belt, open the window.
• To significantly reduce the intensity of itching and minimize the spread of edema, it is necessary to apply a cold compress to the sore spot.
• If an allergic reaction has occurred inas a result of an injection or an insect bite, then in this case it is necessary to apply a tourniquet over this place. The tourniquet is established only in those cases in which a bite or injection was made in the upper or lower limbs of a person. Otherwise (if other parts of the body are affected), a cold compress should be applied to the sore spot.
• If the allergen enters the body through food ordrinks, it is necessary to give the patient to drink as much water as possible. In this case, make sure that the water is at room temperature. Also, the victim can give several tablets of activated carbon, which must be crushed before consumption.
• During Quincke's swelling, you can use antihistamines, as well as vasoconstrictor drops.
Quincke's edema can occur both once andregularly repeat. Therefore, after the first episode, you need to see a doctor to find out the cause of the allergy and advice on possible treatment.