Swelling of the joint on the finger

There are more than a hundred varieties of arthritis -a disease affecting the joints. And there is no medicine suitable for everyone, but with any kind of arthritis you can alleviate the condition using natural remedies.

Osteoarthritis is the most common formarthritis, it usually develops after 50 years. However, degenerative joint changes can occur in twenty-year-olds. In this disease, the cartilage is destroyed - an elastic protective tissue at the ends of the bones in the joint. The illness is caused either by its age-related deterioration, or by a hereditary predisposition.

Cartilage is a type of connective tissue - notcontains blood vessels and therefore receives nutrition and oxygen only from the intra-articular synovial fluid. When the joint moves, its compression occurs, and the decomposition products are squeezed out of the cartilage. When the pressure weakens, the synovial fluid again permeates the cartilaginous tissue, saturating it with nutrients and oxygen. Gradually changes its properties and cartilage (it is erased), and the surrounding fluid. The main surfaces begin to rub against each other. But bone, unlike cartilage, contains nerve endings, so friction causes pain. Alas, everything is short-lived!

Osteoarthritis of the hands most often affects the nearestnails joints, and the joint at the base of the thumb. The softest form is caused only by knotty thickening of the joints - the so-called Heberden nodes. The heavier forms make it difficult for the fingers and hands to move.

On a note. A food supplement containing glucosamine sulfate,helps the body to repair the damaged joint. Glucosamine is produced naturally in the body, but with age, a person apparently loses the ability to produce it in the required quantities.

Numerous studies in Europe and Americashowed the effectiveness of this substance in the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis. In general, glucosamine is well tolerated and absorbed by patients. Incorporating in the metabolic processes, he gets where he should be - into the cartilaginous tissue of the joints. Improvement does not occur immediately, but many have noted pain reduction and increased mobility in 4-6 weeks. True, it is not yet known whether the drug provides long-term enhancement of cartilaginous tissue.

The suggested doses are 500 g of sulfateglucosamine (in capsules) 3 times a day with meals. Possible side effects are heartburn and flatulence. Glucosamine sulphate is not a medicine, but a food supplement. Those less to me before you start taking the drug, talk to your doctor.

Solid cones formed on the sides of the near tonails of the finger joints, are called Geberden nodes in honor of the British physician William Geberden (1710-1801), who first described them. In the joints, the cartilage is gradually destroyed, and solid protrusions are formed along its edges. As a result, deformed fingers are limited in movement. Some activities, such as piano and knitting, increase flexibility, range of finger and wrist movements.

Proposed means. Unfortunately, there are no such amazing tools that would instantly rid yourself of ugly cones on your fingers. However, timely treatment with glucosamine (see above) is beneficial.

Interesting. Ointment according to medieval recipe, inventedHildegarda of Bingen, who was the abbess of the monastery, a travnik and the author of several books on medicine, is still produced in Munich (Germany) under the name of vermouth ointment. As the patients themselves testify, if the hands are restrained with arthritis, this cream gives them the ability to move.

The structure includes: 16 g deer fat,6 g reindeer bone marrow,8 g of olive oil,10 g fresh wormwood.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a more complex disease,than osteoarthritis. It is chronic and systemic. Women suffer from rheumatoid arthritis 3 times more often than men. The disease manifests itself usually in middle age, although there are exceptions.

The disease is accompanied by inflammationsynovial membrane, which lining and lubricating the inside of the joint. In some cases, a serous, purulent or bloody fluid (effusion) is found in the joint cavity. The skin over the joint turns red. Sometimes the patient is feverish. There are diseases of one joint (monoarthritis) and several (polyarthritis). Acute arthritis begins immediately and is accompanied by a very high fever and severe pain in the joint. Chronic arthritis develops gradually.

The joints of the wrists and fingers are most often affected,feet, ankles and knees. This type of arthritis can develop symmetrically on both sides of the body. Under the skin are formed cones, nodules the size of a pea, often located near the elbows - the result of inflammation of small blood vessels. They can appear and disappear. Diagnosis is assisted by a blood test. At the first: signs of the disease you need to contact a specialist in arthritis - a doctor-rheumatologist.

How to live with rheumatoid arthritis

A radical remedy for the treatment of the disease is not yetfound. So, millions of people are forced to decide for themselves each day how they should live with this ailment from day to day. What to do to reduce inflammation? How to keep the mobility of the joints, the strength of the hands, the ability to perform work?

First of all, hands should be given a feasibleload. If the disease has gone far, fingers are deformed, consult a doctor how you better plan a wellness program. In addition, you can help recommendations aimed at maintaining the strength of the hands, their flexibility in rheumatoid arthritis.

Exercises. Needless to say, regular physicalexercises are important for strengthening the muscles? Try to make the proposed set of movements for the joints at least twice a day (see below). Do not exercise if the joint is inflamed.

Heat. To reduce discomfort, perform hand exercises in a bath with warm water. Heat reduces pain and relieves muscle spasms.

Stretching. The general rule for stretching exercises -to make movement before the appearance of the first unpleasant sensations, a little, through "I can not". Perform it carefully, stretching should be gradual, not sharp (see below exercises for swollen fingers).

Omega-3 fatty acids. Nutrition experts found that omega-3Fatty acids help reduce the inflammatory processes that accompany rheumatoid arthritis. It is recommended to take supplements based on fish oil to 0.8-1.8 g per day (but not more!). Include in the diet of fish 2-3 times a week, this will also help to ensure a balanced level of omega-3 fatty acids.

Sometimes the joint of the finger is enlarged due to swelling. This occurs with an infection that penetrates inwardly with cuticle damage or with rheumatoid arthritis. At first the joint area is soft and swollen. If the inflammation continues, the amount of synovial fluid inside the joint capsule increases. It becomes thicker, the outflow deteriorates, and the pressure inside the joint chamber increases.

With prolonged inflammation, enzymes changethe composition of the synovial fluid, worsening the nutrition of the joint tissues, and, in the end, destroying it. This leads to deformation of the fingers and wrists. When you move such a joint, you can hear a crackle.

Exercises for the joints of hands

The mobility of the joints of the bones, as much as possible, will help to keep simple exercises done several times a day. Some will retain the flexibility of the affected joints, others will be able to strengthen them.

1. Pull your hands in front of you with your palms facing down. Pull your fingers one at a time as far as you can.

2. Count to five and relax your arm.

1. Take the tip of the finger with the thumb and index finger of the other hand and slowly try to bend each joint individually toward the palm. Do not apply excessive force. Work with each finger in turn. Repeat the exercise every day.

2. If any of the joints on the fingers does not straighten completely, do the above exercise in reverse order. In the initial position, the fingers are bent. Alternately unbend the joints (the last joint of the tip of the finger).

Exercise "Rubber ring on the fingers"

This exercise strengthens muscles and tendons on the fingers of the hand. You will need rubber rings about 5-8 mm wide and 7-8 cm long.

1. Place your hand on the table with your palm up. Put the rubber ring on the fingers of one hand at the base of the nails.

2. Bend your fingers slightly. Spread them, then relax and bring them together.

Natural remedies for arthritis of the hands

Although osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are differentdiseases, many natural remedies are useful in both cases. To reduce pain and inflammation with arthritis, you can use any of the following recipes, prepared on the basis of herbs. But they help only reduce the manifestation of arthritis and do not provide a complete cure. Therefore, always consult a doctor.

This wonderful remedy treats inflammation,reduces pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. Red pepper contains ingredients that act like aspirin and stimulate the production of endorphins in the body - substances with analgesic effect. Use the recipe to treat joints of the fingers, wrist and elbow.

225 g of beeswax,1 dried cayenne pepper or 2 fresh,60 drops (3 ml) of St. John's wort oil.

Output: approximately 16 dice