Swelling of the hand after removal of the breast
One of the most dramatic operations, bringing not only physical, but also mental suffering - is Breast removal as a result of breast cancerglands. However, if a woman adheres to certain rules and recommendations, her life can return to normal again, even after such serious surgical help.
As a result of the operation, there are undesirable consequences that complicate the life of patients.
One such effect is the swelling of the hands. Why is this happening?
Together with the affected areas of the breast tissue, lymph nodes in the armpits - the areas of accumulation of diseased cells - are often removed. After removal of the breast every third patient has lymphatic edema of the hand due to a disruption in the transport of a biologically important liquid - lymph. This happens usually in 1-3 months.
The appearance of such edema is primarily associated with the degree of damage to the lymphatic vessels themselves during the illness.
It is possible to avoid this only in the case whenpossibly incomplete removal of lymph nodes. At the same time, the remaining nodes take over the work for all remote ones, thereby protecting against possible complications. But this incomplete removal leads at times to a relapse of the oncological disease. And so surgeons remove everything, that is possible, including small vessels connected with lymphonoduses. This is what causes the stasis of lymph, accompanied by swelling of the soft tissues of the hand. And this swelling intensifies with radiation therapy, usually prescribed after surgery.
Edema after removal of the breast
Edema can be of varying severity after removal of the breast. This depends on the presence or absence of venous insufficiency in the patient.
If there is venous insufficiency. therefore, there is a violation of metabolic processes andincreased vascular permeability. So, we can say that there is also a basis for the appearance of edema. Therefore, before lying under the surgeon's knife, it is necessary to identify the presence or absence of venous insufficiency. If it is available, the doctor should prescribe prophylactic treatment and monitor the condition of the lymphatic and circulatory systems.
If there is no venous insufficiency. and the woman underwent surgery relativelyeasily, without visible consequences, she, nevertheless, will have to go to routine examinations of the doctor every three months for the first three years, and then - once in six months.
In what case should I see a doctor. First, if the postoperative edema, firstso imperceptible and soft, becomes tight and dense, though painless. Secondly, if there was stiffness in the movements of the elbow and shoulder joints, weakness. Thirdly, if swelling began to move from top to bottom. And, fourthly, if swelling manifests itself in places, individual fragments along the entire arm.
In all these cases, urgent treatment is necessary.