Inflammation and swelling of the knee
Inflammation of the knee or meniscus - verya serious and fairly common disease. All surfaces and bones of the knee joint and meniscus are connected by means of an articular capsule, which has two layers: inner and outer.
The outer layer is a fibrous tissue with fibrous formations. It is thanks to the capsular-ligament apparatus, as well as the surrounding articular muscles, that this layer is fixed and strengthened.
The inner layer of the meniscus has manyblood and lymphatic vessels. It is here that the synovial articular fluid develops, due to which, during movement, parts of the joint do not touch and do not rub. If there is inflammation of the knee joint, then initially the inner capsule layer of the meniscus is affected.
What are the causes of inflammation of the knee joint?
Inflammation of the joint and meniscus can occur byfor different reasons and depend on the type of specific disease. For example, if a person has arthrosis symptoms of the knee joint. then the joint can become inflamed from a long walking walk, lifting of gravity, excessive load.
- Osteoarthritis is a very common forminflammation of the ligaments of the knee, or rather, the knee joint. This disease is considered a degenerative disease, in which there is a thinning of the cartilaginous tissue of the joint. Usually this disease affects people of middle age and older people.
- Post-traumatic arthritis - that is, a diseaseThe joints and meniscus obtained after injury. This form of the disease is similar to osteoarthritis and can sometimes develop several years after knee injury (for example, a meniscus fracture, ligament rupture, inflammation of the knee joint with a bruise).
- Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease of the knee, withwhich eventually begins the destruction of cartilage in the joint. This disease occurs at any age and, usually, affects just two knee joints.
How to cure a knee joint?
Treatment will be beneficial if you try at once and medical, and diagnostic methods, as well as medication that must be selected for each patient individually.
To answer the question of how to treat arthrosisof the knee joint. it is necessary to identify certain points in the course of the disease and to consult with a rheumatologist doctor who will tell you the correct methods of treatment and help you choose medications. These methods depend on the course of the disease, the causes of its occurrence, and the age of the patient.
Treatment of inflammation of the knee joint involves certain stages:
- Initial Diagnosis
- Determination of the cause of the onset of the disease and elimination of this cause
- Restoration of motor functions and mobility of the joint
- Drug treatment (medications), possibly surgical surgical treatment
- Physiotherapy and rehabilitation period
At the initial stage, it is necessary to diagnosecondition of the knee joint, to understand how and how to remove the inflammatory process. In addition, in addition to an external examination of the injured limb, the doctor must take fluid from the knee joint to give it for analysis. This procedure is painless, therefore it is performed in an outpatient setting, under local anesthesia.
After this, depending on thelaboratory results, it will be necessary to determine the treatment of inflammation of the knee. After that, it can be prescribed as a surgical treatment of inflammation, and conservative. Naturally, the operational radical method is not very desirable for the patient, as it is very traumatic and needs a long rehabilitation after. But, for example, deforming arthrosis of the foot in the last stage of the disease, most likely will have to operate in order to maintain a good quality of life for the patient.
That is why the most preferred methodtreatment is through medication. It is this therapy and medications that will remove all inflammations and block their further development, and also can reduce the amount of excess joint fluid of the knee joint. Drugs should be selected only by the attending physician, no self-medication is permissible.
Together with taking medications, you canthe affected surface is applied a fixing bandage - this will also remove redness and edema. The main goal of the dressing is to limit the movement of the joint. If the stiffness of the meniscus is needed, then a special patella is used, which can be fixed with a tulle. This procedure is also called mobilization of the joint. Immobilization lasts from five to seven days, and the duration depends on the severity of the disease, the state of the meniscus and the stage of arthrosis.
At the moment when the acute stage is removed, and the painalready have become much smaller, knee treatment can be continued with the help of physiotherapy and massage. It is thanks to this course that the mobility and performance of the knee joint can be restored very quickly.
Massage of the knee will improve muscle tone, improveblood circulation, nourish the inflamed joint. In order that after removing the edema, inflammation of the meniscus or knee does not return, you must constantly limit the physical load, exclude from the diet all salty, spicy and fatty, and also follow a diet.
Alternative methods of treating inflammation
Inflammation of the joints is of different types and forms,therefore, the treatment of different species is also different. For example, with arthritis, the cause of the disease can be a violation of blood circulation in the cartilage and inflammation of the ligaments, and sometimes because of this, whole fragments can flake off the damaged cartilage. In this case, only surgery and surgery will help a person. During the operation with the help of a special instrument (arthroscope), the surgeon removes all fragments, and, accordingly, eliminates the very cause of inflammation.
In modern medicine, one of the most effectivetechniques is the prosthetics of a diseased joint or meniscus. This operation allows the patient to get rid of severe pain, as well as improve the functioning of the joint and its mobility. This technique is sometimes called an alternative.
Sometimes it is very effective treatment of a sorejoint and ligaments at home. For this, the diseased knee joint should be lubricated with special ointments that will have a warming effect on the inflamed area. It is important to remember that you should not do this immediately after a bruise.
Also, compresses frommedicinal plants, herbs or potato compresses. For this, the shabby potatoes are heated in a water bath to 38 degrees. Then add a little liquid there and wrap this gruel in gauze. This lotion should be applied to the joint in the evening and left so all night. At the same time, it is advisable to put a rolled blanket or pillow on the dais.
This compress will help you to sleep peacefully and easily, andalso remove the inflammation. Usually after 3-4 days of using the potato compress there is a noticeable improvement in the patient's condition. If this does not happen - you need to see a doctor. If necessary, he will prescribe medications that will quickly remove edema.
Information on the site is provided solely for informational purposes, does not pretend to referral and medical accuracy, is not a guide to action.
In no case do not self-medicate. Consult your doctor!