Allergic edema how to treat
Swelling of the throat often occurs with inflammatorydiseases of the larynx and pharynx, for example, such as tracheobronchitis, laryngopharyngitis, and also when exposed to aerogenic irritants and strong allergens.
Inflammatory edema in the larynx most oftenoccurs as a consequence of various diseases of the larynx or pharynx, but it can also occur in some infectious diseases, for example, in measles, scarlet fever, tuberculosis, influenza, or syphilis. Often, swelling of the throat can occur with a burn of the larynx, with neck injuries or with allergies. A particular type is the laryngeal edema in neck tumors after radio and X-ray therapy. Non-inflammatory throat swelling can occur with certain diseases of the liver, kidneys and heart disease. Quincke's edema is a special form of pathology.
Swelling of the throat is not an independent disease. Most often this is a symptom of a systemic disease. It has a different degree of penetration of fluid from the vessels of the pharynx.
The edema of the larynx of a non-inflammatory nature is often asymptomatic for the patient.
If a severe edema occurs, the patient may experience pain and discomfort when swallowing. In some cases, this process may accompany difficulty breathing.
The swelling of the throat, as usual, is accompanied by a strong cough, hoarseness or complete loss of voice, hyperemia of the mucous membrane, edema of the vocal folds, whitish foamy mucus.
If the disease is severe, thencan manifest stenosis of the larynx, severe inspiratory dyspnea and cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle. Signs of edema of the throat in many ways depend on the degree of narrowing of the larynx lumen and the rate of edema development.
When the inflammatory process in the throat often shows a foreign body, pain when swallowing, perhaps even difficulty breathing, hoarseness or change in voice.
When determining the causes of edema begin to treat the underlying disease.
Thus, if the mucous membrane is damaged by chemical and mechanical factors, two drops of oil (peach or menthol) must be instilled in the nose to remove irritation.
With allergic laryngitis, the throat swelling can be helped by hormones and antihistamines.
Acute stenosis and laryngeal edema is an urgenta condition requiring immediate intervention. In some cases, stenosis of the larynx can occur, causing severe choking, which can threaten the health and life of the patient.
Treatment of laryngeal edema in hospital
When the patient larynx is swollen, most often immediatelyhospitalized, because with this disease the patient should be under close supervision of the doctor. Often, in order to ease the patient's condition, he is allowed to swallow ice slices and put ice on the neck area. Diversion therapy is prescribed: mustard plasters, cans, hot foot baths. Also used antihistamines, dehydration therapy, diuretics. If the medication is ineffective and laryngeal stenosis is strengthened, tracheostomy or prolonged intubation is used.
Examination of patients with laryngeal edema, asrule, is aimed at finding out the cause of the disease. To begin with, it is determined whether an allergic component is present in the disease. If the edema of the palatine tongue, there is difficulty breathing or lesion of the vocal folds, then the patient needs immediate hospitalization. Only qualified specialist help can save the patient's health and life, that's why when helping a person with laryngeal edema should be taken care of every minute.