Laryngeal edema what to do

Reactions of the body to the effects of differentaggressive factors can be very different. And in some cases, such reactions require immediate correction or at least timely detection. So a very serious symptom is to recognize the puffiness of larynx tissues, which can be observed in representatives of different sex and age. Let's talk on about what is the laryngeal edema, the symptoms and treatment of it, and also consider the reasons for such a violation and answer the question what to do when it appears.

About why the laryngeal edema occurs, its causes are

Otolaryngologists say that the laryngeal edemanever is an independent disease. This is just a symptom that can develop with many violations in the body. In most cases, this pathological condition is diagnosed in men, whose age varies from eighteen to thirty-five years. Only in rare cases, the puffiness of the larynx is fixed in children or persons of advanced age.

Edema in the larynx can be worninflammatory or non-inflammatory. Quite often the disease develops due to mechanical damage to the larynx, for example, a foreign body or surgical intervention. In children, swelling can be provoked by the consumption of hot food. Also, this disorder sometimes occurs in response to an X-ray study or radiotherapy of organs that are located in the neck.

Swelling of the larynx can be provokedpurulent processes in the pharynx, the neck and okolottoktochnom space, soft tissues of the mouth, palatine tonsils or the root of the tongue. Such a symptom can be caused by acute infectious diseases, including measles and influenza, scarlet fever and typhus. Sometimes edema develops in chronic infectious diseases, among them syphilis or tuberculosis. In some cases, excessive puffiness appears due to the inflammatory process in the area of ​​perichondrium or cartilage of the larynx.

If the laryngeal edema is non-inflammatorycharacter, it can cause diseases of the cardiovascular system and kidney disease. Such a dangerous symptom can be observed with local circulatory disturbances that occur when the veins or lymph vessels are squeezed. Laryngeal edema in a number of cases is due to cirrhosis of the liver. It can also appear if a person has excessive sensitivity to certain foods or medicines.

In a number of cases, the laryngeal lumen narrows veryquickly, for example, with spasm or aggressive exposure of a foreign body. If it is a chronic disease, this pathological process takes a long time. The severity of the symptom is usually determined by the degree of narrowing of the larynx and the rate of edema development.

Patients usually complain about the appearance of painfulsensations in the throat, for the presence of a foreign body. In addition, they often change their voice - it becomes hoarse. Breathing becomes difficult, at first the person only breathes in with difficulty, then he has problems with both inhalation and exhalation. The puffiness of the larynx usually causes the appearance of noisy breathing, which is similar to a whistle. In a number of cases, acute stenosis may occur, triggering suffocation. This development of events carries a serious threat to the life of the patient.

About how the laryngeal edema is corrected, the treatment that helps

Therapy of the laryngeal edema directly depends on the causeits appearance and can be conservative or surgical. Drug correction involves the use of a number of drugs. Some patients showed parenteral administration of antibiotic drugs, which are characterized by a wide range of effects. The drugs of choice are usually the compositions of the cephalosporin or penicillin series, as well as macrolides.

Eliminate increased edema will helpantihistamines, to achieve a quick effect they are administered intravenously. Corticosteroids can also be used, for example, Prednisolone. Intravenous administration of such a preparation gives a quick positive effect.

Coping with the edema of the larynx will help and diuretic drugs, they remove from the body an excess of fluid (it is accumulated in the tissues provoking swelling). Among such drugs Indapamide and others.

If the drug treatment does not give a positiveeffect and edema is life-threatening, the patient is shown to perform surgical intervention. The most common tracheotomy is surgery to dissect the trachea. A special tube is inserted into its lumen, which gives the victim the opportunity to breathe.

How to calm the larynx edema, what to do immediately and during treatment?

To reverse the larynx of the patient needbring into a sitting or half-sitting position. To facilitate the unpleasant symptomatology will help mustard plasters on the calf muscles area, as well as hot foot baths. It is worth calling an ambulance. In no case should you swallow a piece of ice or heat or cool the neck area.

Drug therapy is selected exclusivelydoctor. In parallel, the patient must adhere to a diet: take liquid and semi-liquid food of a plant character and room temperature. In such dishes there should be no vinegar, spices and any sharp seasonings. The patient is shown a warm drink.

Puffiness of the larynx is a serious reason for immediate application for a doctor's help.