Edema of the brain what to do
Usually cerebral edema appears as a responsethe organism on various pathological conditions - head trauma, infectious diseases and various overloads. With the development of edema, brain cells, intercellular spaces quickly fill with fluid. The brain volume from this increases, which greatly increases ICP (intracranial pressure), slows the process of blood circulation in its tissues, the active death of its cells begins.
In this condition, it is extremely important to quickly get qualified medical care, since the consequences of this pathology can be very serious, up to a lethal outcome.
Why does the brain swelling (causes) start?
The most frequent brain swelling is provokedpresence of craniocerebral trauma (stroke, consequence of a fall from a height or accident). Serious traumatic injuries to the skull, namely, its small fragments injure the delicate tissues of the brain, provoking its edema. Also, cerebral edema develops as a result of hemorrhage to the brain.
Another common cause of edema is certain infectious diseases: meningitis, encephalitis and toxoplasmosis, subdural abscess and some others.
Another common cause of cerebral edemais ischemic stroke. With this disease, a blood vessel becomes blocked. As a result, blood circulation is disturbed, including blood circulation of the brain. Oxygen starvation begins, brain cells begin to die, and its swelling develops.
Also, this pathology is caused by factors such as alcohol poisoning, carbon monoxide or excessive intake of certain medications.
How does the brain swelling (symptoms) manifest itself?
The clinical picture of this pathology is sufficientis expressed. Patients complain of sudden general weakness, lethargy, drowsiness. But the most characteristic is that there is a very strong headache, which is bursting. The whole head hurts - in the back of the neck, temples and forehead.
Patients complain of dizziness,the appearance of severe nausea, vomiting. There may be problems with eyesight, there are problems with orientation in space. There is unevenness, interruptions in breathing, speech is difficult, memory is broken. Patients often involuntarily bite the tongue from the occurrence of muscle spasms. Fainting is observed.
If a person has some of thelisted symptoms, it should be immediately delivered to a medical institution. It is necessary to understand that the edema of the brain is fraught with various negative consequences and complications.
Than the edema of a brain (consequences of a pathology) is dangerous?
On the consequences of this pathology, the primarythe effect is caused by a condition that caused swelling. For example, if the cause of cerebral edema is a stroke, the result is a rapid death of brain cells, and they will not recover even after the treatment. Partial, or even complete paralysis of the body can also occur, which makes a person disabled.
Even if the treatment for swelling has been successful, and measureswere taken on time, unfortunately, the consequences of the transferred pathology will accompany a person for a very long time. Subsequently, frequent headaches begin, insomnia worries, absent-mindedness, memory impairment. Communication skills are deteriorating when communicating with others.
If the cerebral edema was insignificant, the cause of it was also not very serious, for example - a small concussion, the consequences are usually minimal and soon stop worrying.
What to do after the diagnosis of cerebral edema (treatment)?
The methods of therapy are directly related to the cause, itswhich caused. First of all, measures are taken to eliminate this cause, and it is also very important to restore as soon as possible the supply of sufficient oxygen to the brain cells.
Use medicines that canquickly and effectively reduce intracranial pressure. For this, diuretics are used. Also, intravenous administration of drugs that eliminate the established infection (if any) is used.
With a craniocerebral trauma, which has becomecause of cerebral edema, oxygen is injected into the blood by means of an oxygen pillow - inhalation of the affected gas mixture, in which the oxygen content is increased. The blood is actively saturated, which reduces oxygen starvation and reduces edema. Also, with injuries, there is a very effective method of treatment - hypothermia, or hypothermia.
To a surgical operation resort only inemergency cases, when the patient's life is under serious threat, when only the operation can save him. In this case, the fluid is removed by means of a special inserted catheter. This operation is called ventriculostomy. Its conduct is associated with a great risk to the health and life of the patient. Therefore, it is usually carried out by very experienced surgeons.
What drugs treat edema of the brain (folk remedy)?
With drug treatment of cerebral edema,In parallel, you can drink infusion of flowers from a cornflower. They contain in their composition chicorin, centaurin - substances that effectively reduce the swelling of brain tissue, normalizing intracranial pressure.
To make this, pour a glassboiling pure, drinking water 1 tbsp. l. dry flowers. Cover the dishes with infusion with a warm, dense tissue napkin. When it cools down, strain it. Drink a quarter of a glass after eating. Be healthy!