Peeling and swelling of the eyelids
Redness around the eyes is very annoying andan unpleasant symptom, which is immediately noticed by the surrounding people. Constant or periodic itching around the eyes, often accompanies redness and occurs with many allergic, infectious and inflammatory diseases.
For most diseases, one of the symptomswhich is the itching and redness around the eyes, the treatment should be prescribed by a therapist or ophthalmologist. But sometimes it's very important to find out on your own why this feeling arose, in order to eliminate the cause as soon as possible, for example, in case of an allergy. However, sometimes the source of irritation lies in the usual dryness of the skin.
Open areas of the body to a greater extentare exposed to the environment. Not an exception is the skin of the face, the most sensitive parts of which are eyelids. The impact of external factors is the simplest explanation of the cause, why the skin around the eyes is itchy. It dries up and cracks under the influence of hot or cold air, snow, wind, tears or sea water.
Physical contact with smoke, dust, sand andother small rubbish, as well as chemical interaction with particles dispersed in the air, for example, detergent or aerosol, irritate the skin, causing flushing of the eyelids and itching under the eyes. Also biological or synthetic particles may contain allergens.
The perpetrators of allergic reactions near the eyes are more likely to be such irritants as:
- wool or particles of feathers of domestic animals and birds;
- pollen of plants;
- medicines, mainly of local use;
- substances contained in household chemicals;
- inappropriate cosmetics.
Allergies are indicated by redness and swellingeyelids, and irritated skin can peel and itch. The combination of these signs with a sudden runny nose, nasal congestion, a sore throat or lacrimation, increases the likelihood of such a diagnosis.
One of the forms of allergy around the eyes -allergic dermatitis. It is usually provoked by either therapy of ophthalmic diseases, or cosmetics containing a substance-stimulus. In this case, the area affected by redness, swelling and rash, far exceeds the place in contact with the allergen.
With a short exposure to the agent, it is possiblethe independent disappearance of the symptoms of the disease, but it is better to find out what caused such a reaction of the organism in order to avoid repeating it in the future. If the skin around the eyes continues to itch, you need to see a doctor to determine the culprit of the reaction and the appointment of treatment. With increased sensitivity of the body, it is recommended to test it on the forearm zone before using new cosmetics.
When the allergy seizes the mucous membranes,talk about the onset of allergic conjunctivitis. Severe itching of the eyelids, their redness, lacrimation and minor swelling - these symptoms appear immediately after contact with the allergen. In its role is home dust, animal hair, pollen of various plants, household chemicals and cosmetics.
To overcome the desire to rub eyes is very difficult, butfriction only increases unpleasant sensations. Burying artificial tears can temporarily reduce discomfort, later on, you should make sure the diagnosis is correct to select the appropriate treatment. The choice of funds for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis - is huge.
A mosquito or other insect bite in the areaeye, can become a push to develop a strong reaction. After a bite, the area around the eye swells, reddens, itching and pain when touched. But insects are also so small that you can not see them without a microscope.
A frequent cause of concern isciliary tick - Demodex. These microscopic parasites are almost always present on the skin of the face. But it is worth the immunity to decrease, as the number of mites increases dramatically. Their secretions begin to irritate the skin and mucous, causing itchy eyelids, the edges of which look slightly swollen. On the eyelashes there is a characteristic stickiness, rashes, redness and rapid eye fatigue are possible. This contagious disease is called demodecosis, it requires a fairly long treatment under the supervision of a doctor. Running forms create conditions for purulent inflammation of the mucous membrane, for example, demodicosis blepharitis.
Hyperemia and itching are ordinarysymptoms for inflammatory processes. The most frequent non-infectious inflammation of the edge of the eyelids are different types of blepharitis. Allergic, ulcerative and scaly (or seborrhea) blepharitis are isolated. Their appearance is facilitated by protracted inflammatory processes in the body, decreased immunity, chronic diseases.
All forms of this disease accompanyunbearable itching and redness around the eyes. Eyelids swell, they can form ulcers or can be peeling, purulent contents accumulate in the corners of the eyes. One of the culprits of this condition may be a ciliary mite.
Another common disease thataccompanied by itching in the eyes, is barley. This is an acute purulent inflammation of the hair follicle of the eyelash. The edges of the eyelids swell, they have a painful itchy point on the site of the future abscess. As it grows, the redness of the eyelid and conjunctiva increases, and within 2-3 days the abscess ripens and opens. Extrusion of barley is unacceptable, as this leads to the spread of infection and aggravation of the condition.
Very often barley is taken at an early stagecysts of the sebaceous gland gland. It is called a chalazion, which occurs both as a complication of barley and as an independent disease due to weakening of immunity or violation of hygiene rules, including the wearing of incorrectly selected contact lenses. Itching under the eyes around the affected gland is accompanied by reddening, and the size of the filled cyst reaches a small pea. Like other inflammations, haljazion requires medical intervention to normalize the gland.
Herpes of the eye is a dangerous viral disease,It also affects the skin in this area. Its onset is preceded by severe itching in the eye or around it. Capable of leading to loss of vision, herpes makes one seriously treat treatment under the supervision of a doctor.
When the eye or skin is itchy, anyunsuccessful attempts at self-medication can lead not only to a spoiled appearance, but even to a loss of vision. With allergies, the treatment is aimed at eliminating contact with the allergen and suppressing the allergic reaction with antihistamines of different generations (Tavegil, Zirtek ). Sometimes the skin around the eyes is affected by creams containing light corticosteroids, for example, Advantham. When allergic conjunctivitis is instilled in the eyes of such drugs as Lecrolin, Opatanol .
To treat demodicosis, it is important to observe hygieneeye: the eyelids are cleaned from mites discharge with a cotton swab dampened with alcohol solution. At their edges, drugs are applied in the form of ointments, for example, Demalan or Blepharogel, prescribed by a doctor. With the advanced form of the disease prescribed antibacterial eye drops: Levomycitin, Tobrex. The infectiousness of the disease requires the disinfection of bed linen and clothes to prevent self-infection.
Treatment of inflammatory eye diseasesbegins with sanitary and hygienic procedures. The skin of the eyelids is treated with antiseptic solutions; in the initial stage of barley, the central point is moistened with medical alcohol, with blepharos and skin scabs of pus. These operations require caution, so as not to burn the mucous membrane and the cornea of the eye with an awkward movement. Blepharitis and barley may require antibiotics in the form of ointments and drops, for the edge of the century, they instill solutions of albucid and novocaine.
Despite the large amount of information about the symptomsand ways of treating ophthalmic and other diseases that cause itching, you should not rely solely on this information and do self-diagnosis. The mistake will be the transition of the disease into a chronic form, and maybe a loss of vision. Therefore, there is no need to postpone a visit to a therapist or ophthalmologist to clarify the reasons for the itching.
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