Mucus edema in the mouth
Inflammation of the mouth can occur for various reasonstraumatic, infectious and allergic. Inflammatory changes in the mucosa are also observed with a lack of vitamins, various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and endocrine systems, as well as blood diseases and intoxications with heavy metals.
Often inflammation of the mouth is the first symptom of serious diseases.
Inflammation of the mouth can develop withtraumatizing the mucous with sharp edges of teeth, dentures, hot food, etc. First there is swelling and redness, then on this place there is erosion and a painful ulcer that can be festered. Prolonged wearing of a poorly fitted denture can lead to the growth of mucosal areas and the formation of papillomas.
Infectious inflammation of the mouth may be one of the manifestations of infectiousdiseases in which the oral mucosa is affected. Most often it happens with a herpetic infection. The mucous membrane of the oral cavity is swollen, redness and a large number of small vesicles are noted. A rise in body temperature is typical.
Allergic inflammation of the mouth can manifest as a simple reddening and swelling, as well as with the formation of blisters and ulcers. All mucosa or only some of its parts can be affected.
Most often develops with allergy tovarious medicines. There is a burning sensation, itching, dry mouth, soreness when eating. The mucosa of the oral cavity is edematic, red, sometimes there is atrophy of the papillae of the tongue ("lacquered tongue").
Infectious-allergic inflammation of the oral cavity appears on the mucosasingle painful aft, on the lateral surfaces and tip of the tongue, the mucous membrane of the lips, cheeks, hard palate. Their appearance is accompanied by sharp soreness, a violation of salivation, an increase in lymph nodes and a rise in body temperature. Often the cause of development of aphthous lesions of the oral cavity in the presence of diseases of the digestive system.
When poisoning with salts of heavy metals (lead,bismuth, mercury) inflammation of the oral cavity can be catarrhal (swelling and redness with areas of the gingival margin of the gum). In severe cases, ulcers develop, characterized by persistent flow.
In addition to soreness, sensation of metallic taste in the mouth and disorders of salivation, the general condition is also disturbed, weakness, apathy, digestive disturbances, etc. appear.
In the treatment, the main attention is paid to the elimination of the damaging factor.