Allergic edema of the ear
Such a disease as inflammation of the mucosashell of the middle ear, often occurs in children. During the development of the disease inside the ear, fluid gradually accumulates. It happens that the liquid that accumulates becomes excessively dense, with adhesive properties.
This kind of disease is called purulent otitis .
What does the middle ear look like? This is the cavity between the tympanic membrane and the skull, which is filled with air. The main task of the middle ear is the transmission of vibrational waves from the tympanic membrane directly to the inner ear. The ear is connected with the back cavity of the nose through the auditory tube, which is also called Eustachian.
Usually ventilation of the middle ear is carried out, in4 times per minute, since the Eustachian tube opens slightly during such physiological processes as chewing, swallowing and yawning. Due to the fact that the tube opens, the pressure in the ear and the nasal cavity is equalized.
It also happens that the Eustachian tubeis blocked, which is associated with inflammation of the tissues located nearby, an increase in the size of the adenoids, as well as the development of the tumor. In this case, the tumor can be both malignant and benign and located directly in the trunk tube or next to it. Blocking the Eustachian tube often happens due to swelling that occurs due to an allergic reaction.
At the moment, all the stages of this disease are notto the end are studied. Nevertheless, there are good reasons to believe that many episodes with inflammation of the mucosa of the middle ear are associated with allergies. As a rule, otitis is caused by food allergy.
Eustachian trumpet in small children,only about 1 mm. Consequently, it is easily blocked by thick and sticky mass. This leads to the development of deafness, since the transmission of sound waves is almost completely blocked. For this reason, purulent otitis is one of the main reasons why deafness develops in children. In turn, this can lead to disappointing consequences, such as problems with the development of speech and subsequent learning.
If the disease is caused by allergic reactions, antihistamines should be used. When it comes to bacterial infection, it is advisable to use antibiotics.
It happens that the permeability of the auditory tubeis provided only through surgical intervention. As a result, the air again begins to flow into the middle ear. In some cases, it is necessary to remove adenoids and tonsils, but only when their size is excessively large.