Edema in bronchitis
Injections with bronchitis are very rarely prescribed and inespecially severe cases. Or when there is no way to take the medicine through the mouth. To date, almost all drugs exist in tablet form. Therefore, the expediency of this method of treatment can be determined only by a doctor.
What are the injections with bronchitis?
It is advisable to administer injections for bronchitis in the following cases:
- thoracic age (there is no way to give a child a pill or syrup);
- in severe cases of the disease (conventional methods of treatment are ineffective within three to five days, the patient's condition worsens);
- with obstructive bronchitis in young children, as well as with severe obstruction;
- with chronic bronchitis during periods of exacerbation.</ li> </ ul>
What are the usual injections of bronchitis?
First, antibiotics. Most often it is them who appoint a doctor. In pricks, if one of the above cases can be applied to the patient.
Secondly, glucocorticosteroids. Very strong preparations with anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and immunosuppressive action. Can be prescribed for acute obstructive bronchitis, chronic or allergic.
Thirdly, bronchodilators. Preparations that relieve bronchospasm and swelling. In the form of injections used for severe obstruction.
Expectorants and mucolytics usuallyprescribe in the form of tablets, syrups and inhalations. In some situations, when you need to quickly remove the spasm, kicking antihistamines. With chronic or allergic forms - desensitizing agents (for example, calcium gluconate in bronchitis).
Bronchitis is a viral infection, so antibacterial drugs are ineffective. Nevertheless, some cases of the course of the disease require antibiotic treatment. it
- age after sixty years (the body is no longer able to cope with the infection on its own, the illness is treated long and hard, so antibacterial agents are needed in injections);
- chronic obstructive bronchitis (bronchi are weakened by the disease, so the probability of bacterial complications is high);
- severe toxicosis or leukocytosis;
- Infant age (children under one year with tablets can not cope, in addition, a weakened immunity may miss another infection, for this reason, the risk of complications is great at this age);
- severe forms of bronchial obstruction.
It should be remembered that antibacterial drugs are injected into the bloodstream more quickly. Therefore before appointment it is expedient to hand over a smear on sensitivity.
The following groups of antibiotics are used:
- Sulfonamides and trimethoprim.
These are combined antimicrobials,Used to exacerbate a simple chronic bronchitis. Resistance to the drugs of this group develops slowly, and complications are very rare. There may be nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, decreased appetite, skin rashes. Very rarely - hematological complications and fungal infection of the oral cavity. Preparations of this group:
For the treatment of bronchitis semi-synthetic, broad spectrum of action are used. Or combination with inhibitors of lactamases. Preparations of this group:
- Augmentin (the first choice in the treatment of respiratory diseases);
- Amoxiclav (amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate);
- Grunamox and others.
Drugs of a wide spectrum of action. it
- Gentamicin (used for ineffectiveness of other antibiotics, in case of severe bacterial or mixed infection against weakened immunity).
Their use is relevant only when the basic therapy does not help. And even large doses of conventional drugs from bronchitis do not give a positive effect.
Most often prescribe prednisolone in pricks with obstructive bronchitis. Hazardous side effects after the use of this group of medicines:
- stomach ulcer;
- myopathy and other diseases.
To prevent these dangerous moments, the dosage is gradually reduced.
Bronchodilators in the treatment of bronchitis
Symptomatic drugs for the removal of bronchospasm. Used for the treatment of bronchial asthma, with bronchial obstruction and in the case of chronic disease.
Preparations of this group, produced in the form of injections:
- Ipradol (a medicament for the therapy of all obstructive bronchial diseases);
- Iadrin (other names are Novorinum, Euspyranum);
- Orciprenaline sulfate;