Lethal outcome with edema of the brain
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Edema of the brain is a serious pathology requiringimmediate hospitalization and intensive care. Modern medicine is able to withdraw the patient even from such a serious condition, but in most cases the disease does not pass without a trace. What are the most frequent consequences of cerebral edema ?
The most severe, lethal, complication of brain edemais the defeat of its deep structures located in the trunk. At the same time, vital organs and systems (mainly respiratory, cardiovascular, thermoregulatory) are disrupted in the work, which ultimately makes the further life of the patient impossible. To prevent such an outcome, it is possible with the help of competent and timely resuscitation measures both at the hospital and prehospital stages.
Hypoxia and "brain death"
It is known that the nerve cells that make upthe bulk of the cerebral cortex, are very sensitive to hypoxia (oxygen starvation). This condition in the swelling of the brain is due to the compression of the blood vessels, as well as the excessive permeability of the vascular wall. Prolonged hypoxia sometimes leads to an almost complete cessation of higher nervous activity, while preserving the work of vital structures unchanged. There is a condition called "brain death", when the human body still lives, but there is no chance to restore consciousness.
- REG of the brain
- Neuroinfection of the brain
- MRI of cerebral vessels
- Meningioma of the brain
- Violation of venous outflow of the brain
- Retrocerebral arachnoid cyst
- Treatment of perspiration in the throat
At a lower than in the previous case,duration of the hypoxia period, not complete but partial death of neurons of the cerebral cortex may occur. At the same time, the patient's consciousness remains, but his intellectual indicators acquire a lower level. Developed so-called posthypoxic encephalopathy. Depending on the lesions, as well as on the duration of edema and its severity, the degree of encephalopathy can range from mild speech disorders or cognitive abilities to a complete loss of self-service ability, communication, and critical evaluation of one's actions.
Often there are such consequences of edemathe brain, as a violation of motor function, cerebral palsy. In more light cases - neurotic reactions and obsessive movements. All this is more typical for patients of children's age, but in some cases occurs in adults. In addition to motor disorders, patients may have hydrocephalus.