Symptoms of swelling of the quinta
Quincke's edema, the symptoms of which are described in Germandoctor Heinrich Quinke, a disease of an acute allergic nature, accompanied by a sudden and severe swelling of the skin, mucous membranes and subcutaneous fat.
The face, upper body, ears, neck, eyelids, lips, tongue, soft palate, genitals, the back of the hands and feet are affected.
There is edema Quincke, in which the symptoms are not so pronounced and the disease affects the brain shell, internal organs, joints.
The main symptoms with Quinck's swelling.
The disease begins, as a rule, withpainless limited edema of the skin, mucous membrane and subcutaneous adipose tissue, accompanied by a feeling of tension and tension of the skin. Edema with pressure does not leave a trace, compacted, and the skin above it retains its original color and is only slightly stretched.
- rapid edema of the face, neck, back of the palms and the back of the feet.
- in the area of the lesion, the skin is usually pale and all this is not accompanied by itching, disappears without a trace in a few hours or days.
The most dangerous form is the laryngeal edema,trachea, pharynx. These symptoms are observed in every fourth patient. Such patients suddenly have a feeling of anxiety, breathing becomes difficult and even the patient can lose consciousness.
When examining the mucosa of the larynx, the patient has the following symptoms: constriction of the lumen of the pharynx, puffiness of the soft palate or palatine arch.
In the case of persistent edema in the throat and trachea, suffocation occurs and the patient may die.
- In children, it manifests itself with limited small foci of the mucous membrane and skin.
- When the internal organs become numb, there are sharp pains in the abdomen, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea.
- In some patients (approximately 20-25%)there is edema of the trachea, large bronchi, larynx. In these cases, the patients have a voice, they feel a shortage of air, there is a "barking cough" and a sore throat.
- In the intestine, abdominal pain may occur, and with swelling in the bladder mucosa - lead to impaired urination and small cuts.
Forms of the disease and first aid.
There are two forms of the disease: acute and chronic.
- The acute form is considered - with the duration of the disease no more than six weeks.
- Further, for more than six weeks, the disease becomes chronic.
Doctors divide the variants into hereditary and acquired ones. It is also noted that its forms are isolated, combining edema with hives.
If the symptoms of Quincke edema described earlier began to develop in you, then you should:
- immediately call an ambulance,
- do not panic (with nervous tension, processes accelerate),
- Ensure access to fresh air,
- on the area of edema, put a cold compress that will slow down the reaction and take vasoconstrictive nasal drops (if the doctor has appointed them and they are available).
All preventive measures will be effectiveOnly in the event that the cause of this disease is established precisely. If the attack is caused by a food or drug allergy, then it is simply necessary to exclude the ingestion of food or drugs that cause the angioedema.