Diuretic for edema
Edema is a common phenomenon that occursfor different reasons. Especially often, swelling occurs on the face, under the eyes. This is due to the peculiarities of the structure of the tissues in this area: the subcutaneous fat stores the fluid, and it accumulates with ugly "bags".
Diuretic with edema - an emergency medicine,helping to solve the problem not only cosmetic, but also more serious, physiological. Namely - to withdraw excess fluid and reduce the pressure that provokes the development of edema.
Diuretic with edema: causes of stagnation
Edema - puffiness, swelling, local ormassive - a common problem, not knowing either seasonality, or differences in the field, social status and, in fact, aged. Almost every adult faced it - be it after a holiday libation or a change in dietary preferences in the "salty side" or in the case of serious health problems. Edema as an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body is very often a symptom indicative of problems in the work of certain organs. In the first place - the cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. And the problems of this require serious treatment.
Diuretics help not only to removewater, but also sodium. A diuretic is taken with absolutely different edemas. Edema can be limited (local) and common. With the second, the liquid is able to accumulate not only in the subcutaneous tissue, but also in muscles, large body cavities (pleural, abdominal, pericardial).
The causes of edema development can often be different, but they are all related to the permeability of the vessel walls and pressure problems, as well as lymph flow disorders or hormonal
Diuretic with edema: a serious medicine
Diuretic with swelling - often not easyan ambulance that is taken one-time. So, some need to solve just a "cosmetic problem" or squeeze into tight jeans, and a "one-time" effect solves the problem.
However, there are many people for whomDiuretic with edema - maintenance of health. In the latter case, the diuretic (diuretic) is of great importance and is taken for a long time, so it is especially important to choose a safe remedy that does not have serious side effects. At the same time, the drug should not become addictive, so that its main effect lasts stably, but there are no undesirable side effects.
So, with what diseases requires a prolonged use of a diuretic in swelling?
These drugs are most common in the treatment of heart failure and hypertension.
In patients with heart failure increasedabsorption of sodium and water by the kidneys. This leads to an increase in the volume of fluid in the body - because so often patients suffer from edema. Diuretic with edema is designed to reduce excess sodium and water in the body - it not only eliminates edema, but also relieves stagnation in a small circle of circulation.
Diuretic with arterial hypertension(essential hypertension) helps to reduce pressure by reducing the volume of intravascular fluid, as well as through an additional vasodilating effect. However, not all diuretics are suitable for people with such serious diseases.
Diuretic with edema: loop diuretics
Loop diuretics - effective diuretics withedema have a rapid, powerful effect, which varies depending on the dosage. This group of drugs is most often used in the treatment of edematous syndrome. Unlike other diuretics, loop diuretics are also effective in disturbing kidney function. An additional and very important property of loop diuretics is their ability to dilate blood vessels: these drugs stimulate the synthesis of prostaglandin hormones that cause relaxation of the smooth muscles of the vessels. This helps to reduce pressure, which is very important for many patients with heart and vascular disease.
Diuretic with edema: the drug of choice
The optimal diuretic for edema caused by diseases of the cardiovascular system is loop diuretics.
Of course, these drugs have their drawbacks and contraindications.
Long-term, and even more so, uncontrolled use"Old" diuretics can lead to the development of severe complications. So, from the body useful microelements are washed out - potassium, calcium, etc. A lack of potassium can provoke an exacerbation of cardiovascular disorders, calcium - increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Some diuretics may occurand other adverse reactions - dizziness, problems with vision and hearing, weakness, a sharp decrease in blood pressure, spasms of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, ricochet syndrome is uncommon - when too much excretion of fluid from the body at the beginning of the drug is soon replaced by fluid retention. These problems, alas, are peculiar to patients taking the drug of the old generation - furosemide.
However, a new generationDiuretics, characterized by higher reliability and safety. A new generation of loop diuretics, which relieves patients of annoying side effects and allows to reduce the dose, is represented by torasemide (Trifas preparation).
Torasemide has no shortcomings in therapydiuretic with edema - does not remove the necessary trace elements from the body, it does not reveal metabolic and other disturbances. It is very important that torasemide does not wash calcium out of the body, so that in patients at risk for developing osteoporosis (especially in older women), if a loop diuretic is required, the drug of choice is torasemide. Today in Ukraine, the only torasemide based on the original substance of the company-developer of this molecule, is the preparation of Trifas produced by Berlin-Chemie Menarini. It is Triphas that not only provides therapeutic effect and safety, but also differs today by the most acceptable price from all the torasemides on the market.
In any case - do not abuse these drugs: a diuretic should be prescribed by a doctor. And with some diseases to choose a diuretic should be treated with extreme caution.