Cure for allergic edema
The need for allergy medicines and their relevance grows and grows every year.
Allergy occurs everywhere, and many manifestations of the disease a few years ago were not known to mankind.
Nowadays, allergens can be: medicinal and household products that are constantly found in everyday life, own proteins of the human body, changed under the influence of medicines, infections, various microbes and viruses, food products, etc.
This list can be continued for a long time.
This article will tell us about what drugs for allergies in our time are most effective, depending on the pathogen.
There are the following main types of allergens:
- Household or domestic and epidermal (mold fungi, dust, feathers and down of birds, animal hair, fish food);
- Pollen (pollen of various grasses and trees);
- Food (chocolate, egg white and yolk, fish, cocoa, cow milk, caviar, honey, citrus fruits, canned food and preservatives, red vegetables and fruits - tomatoes, beets and other products);
- Bacterial and viral;
- Blood products;
- Vaccines and serums;
- With any allergic reaction, it is important, beforeall, stop taking the allergen - immediately stop the introduction of serum, taking medication, food. When parenteral administration of a drug that caused anaphylactic shock or other allergic reaction, it is necessary to immediately apply a tourniquet above the injection site in order to try to stop further absorption of the allergen into the blood.
Urgent medical care for allergic conditions is aimed at removing the patient from a state of suffocation (asphyxia).
And as for the restoration of the adrenalinsufficiency, hemodynamic equilibrium, removal of spasm in the bronchi, reduction of vascular permeability and prevention of complications of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract.
Antihistamines for the treatment of allergies
Distinguish the following medicines for allergies:
Preparations for anaphylactic shock
Anaphylactic shock is one of the severe forms of a severe allergic reaction to the following stimuli:
- Injection of medicinal allergens;
- Biting bees;
- Conducting preventive vaccinations;
- Transfusion of plasma, blood, the introduction of gamma globulin.
In severe cases, if you do not take the necessarymeasures, there is a lethal outcome with the phenomena of increasing collapse and asphyxia and after a few days with the phenomena of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), kidneys, as well as the heart.
Emergency care for anaphylactic shock should be given as early as possible, since even mild cases can go into more severe cases if there is no proper treatment.
From the first seconds of anaphylactic shock, the patient is administered parenterally the following drugs for allergies:
- "Adrenaline" ("Epinephrine");
- Antihistamines for allergies: "Pipolphen", "Dimedrol", "Suprastin" and cardiac drugs;
- Corticosteroid hormones: ("Dexamethasone", "Prednisolone").
Allergic edema occurs under the influence of food, medicinal, domestic, pollen and bacterial allergens, the introduction of vaccine preparations of blood.
Above the skin surface there is a rapidly developing and growing swelling of pale color, sometimes reaching very large sizes.
It is localized most often in areas of loose skin of subcutaneous tissue (limbs, face, ears, lips, genitals).
Allergic edema can also develop in the walls of the intestine, larynx, sometimes even in the brain.
In this case, the following drugs are used:
With a rapid increase in edema - diuretic drugs like "Lazex" or "Furosemide" in age doses.
In severe cases, laryngeal edema is corticosteroid preparations, namely: "Dexamethasone" or "Prednisolone."
Sometimes you have to resort to a mechanical breathing and tracheotomy.
It is necessary to further exclude a causally significant allergen and treat various foci of chronic infection.
During the remission, the use of histaglobulin is possible.
Direct application of aerosol application fromallergies - bronchial asthma (attacks of suffocation of different frequency and severity), but sometimes they are prescribed by doctors in severe forms of allergic rhinitis for rapid relief of puffiness.
A slight attack of asthma is stopped by the appointment of bronchospasmolytic drugs, or in the form of inhalations.In this case, the following drugs are effective:
- "Novorrin" or "Euspyran" for 25-60 drops forinhalations and "Isadrin" (tablets of 0.005) for 1/6 tablets for children 3-4 years, for ¼ tablets for children 5-6 years, for 1/3 tablets for children 7-10 years and 1/2 tablet for children older than 10 years - an attack of suffocation is stopped within 10-20 minutes.
- Inhalation is also effective with the following drugs: "Orciprenaline", "Alupent", "Astmopent". For arresting an attack, 1-2 inhalations of one of the drugs of the listed group of drugs are prescribed.
- Selective bronchospasmolytics: "Salbutamol", "Ventolin", "Berotek". The advantage of these aerosol inhalers is that they do not cause any side effects from the cardiovascular system. Therapeutic effect is also achieved after 10-20 minutes after inhalation with aerosol.
The listed medicines for allergies refer to topical steroid preparations, are prescribed for seasonal and year-round rhinitis, pollinosis, vasomotor rhinitis.
These allergic diseases are associated with increased sensitivity to allergens of wind-pollinated plants, namely:
- Pollen of trees: birch, oak, poplar, willow, maple, aspen.
- Shrub: a nut, an elder, a dogrose.
- Meadow grass: dandelion, timothy, fescue.
- Weeds: wormwood, quinoa, wheatgrass.
These drugs help reduce inflammation in the airways, facilitating nasal breathing.
They are in fact unable to penetrate the epithelial barrier and, as a consequence, are not absorbed into the blood.
Sprays based on glucocorticosteroids have good immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory and, of course, antiallergic effects on the mucosa of the nasal cavity.
Hormonal nasal aerosols can help patients to lead a comfortable lifestyle without creating a sedative effect on the central nervous system.
Eye drops for the treatment of allergies
Because of the physiological and anatomicalfeatures our eyes can be influenced by a variety of allergens, namely: pollen, animal hair, domestic dust, mold, household chemicals, cosmetics.
Eye drops for the treatment of allergies should be applied correctly, especially for those who wear day-to-day contact lenses.
Distinguish the following types of allergic eye diseases:
- Allergic dermatitis;
- Spring (Qatar keratoconjunctivitis);
- Pollinous conjunctivitis;
- Allergic conjunctivitis.
In order to remove the itching, edema, conjunctiva hyperemia, stop allergic lacrimation, eye drops may be used.
Distinguish the following types of eye drops against allergies.
Antihistamine drops include: Kromogeksal, Lecrolin, Azelastin, Allergodil, Opatanol.
These drugs have anti-allergic effect, they can stop profuse allergic lachrymation, relieve itching.
Advantages: a complex application with glucocorticosteroids and tableted forms of antihistamines is possible. Bury up to 5-6 times a day for 1-2 drops a day.
Anti-inflammatory drops include: "Diklo F", "Diclofenac", "Indocollar", "Dexamethasone", of which "Diclofenac" and "Indocollir" are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
They relieve edema, redness, relieve itching, are used to treat and prevent inflammatory processes after the trauma, or operations on the eyes.
Vessoconstrictive drops include: "Okumil", "Vizin", "Oktylia". These drugs for allergies relieve puffiness, reddening of the mucous membrane of the eyes. It is not recommended to use them for more than 3-5 days.
Regardless of the complexity of the manifestations of the disease, the use of any of the listed in this article drugs for allergies is possible only after consulting a doctor-allergist.
Medications for skin allergies
In some cases, it is also necessary to consult an ophthalmologist, especially for those who regularly wear contact lenses.