Complications after cerebral edema
Cerebral edema is due tothe damaging effect of various factors. It is accompanied by the accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space and high pressure in the cavity of the skull. The consequences of cerebral edema depend on the causes, severity of the patient's condition and timely medical intervention. The growing depth of the disorder of consciousness is fraught with the attachment of violations of respiratory and cardiac activity, which can lead to death.
When fluid accumulates, compression occursblood vessels and the cessation of oxygen supply to the cerebral cortex, which is fraught with hypoxia. With timely measures taken, severe consequences can be avoided, but it all depends on the nature of the pathological picture.
The consequences of cerebral edema can be manifested:
- the emergence of insomnia;
- impaired motor activity;
- communicative abilities;
- frequent headaches.
Medical and surgical methodsEffects are reduced to eliminating the cause of edema and providing brain cells with oxygen. The result is achieved with intravenous infusion of drugs, artificial introduction of oxygen (with the help of an inhaler), lowering of body temperature, etc.
- craniocerebral injury, which occurs during a fall, accident, stroke;
- Mountain sickness, observed with a difference in altitude above 1.5 km.
The occurrence of an ischemic stroke occurs inthe result of the formation of a thrombus, which closes the access of oxygen to the cortex of the brain. In hemorrhagic stroke, there is intracranial hemorrhage caused by vascular damage that occurs with hypertension, head trauma, congenital malformations, or as a result of taking certain medications.
In case of infection, the following can occur:
- meningitis caused by microorganisms (viruses, bacteria), medicines;
- toxoplasmosis, developing in a child in the womb of a parasite infestation;
- subdural abscess. Occurs when complicating a number of diseases, including sinus infections and meningitis.
Symptoms occur very quickly and are manifested inheadache, numbness of the neck, nausea, vomiting, visual impairment, intermittent breathing, loss of balance, difficulty speaking, stumbling and fainting.
To prescribe a course of treatment, it is necessary to determine the possible cause of edema, size and localization. Diagnostics includes:
- MRI of the brain;
- blood test;
- examination of the cervical-head region.