Quenching of edema

Among acute allergies, Quincke's edema is considered oneof the most common and dangerous diseases. External and internal provocators are able to induce an immune response of the body. The tissues of the skin and mucous membranes become swollen as a result of circulatory disturbances and accumulation of tissue fluid. This occurs after the binding of antibodies to the human body of the antigens (allergens) that have entered the blood.

Angiootec or giant urticaria are synonymsdisease. But most often, clinicians call the disease by the name of the author, who described the symptoms for the first time. Quincke's edema is diagnosed as allergic and non-allergic. Sharply growing puffiness appears on the back, feet and arms. A dangerous prognosis is an increase in the volume of the tissues of the cervical region and the membranes of the brain.

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What is the cause of the edema?

Culprits of an acute condition can beinternal and external agents. Quincke's allergic edema comes from the effects of allergens that get into the body. Quincke's edema can be chronic and hereditary. In contrast to acute acute conditions arise from spontaneous gluing of antibodies with pseudoallergen. Formed complexes activate the immune defense in the form of edema. Idiopathic is called angiothecas with an unidentified cause of development.

Classical allergens consider flowerpollen, wool, nuts or chocolate. A high level of threat is made up of insects. Quincke's edema of a non-allergic nature arises from the spontaneous activation of the proteins of the complement system. This is facilitated by genetic abnormalities, dysfunction of glands, invasion of various types of helminths.

In patients with angioedema, Quincke provokes:

  • rapidly growing local face puffiness;
  • pallor of edemas;
  • difficulty breathing and anxiety;
  • barking cough;
  • hyperemia of affected areas;
  • with progression - loss of consciousness;
  • swelling of the soft palate;
  • narrowing of the cavity of throat.

If you do not do hormone therapy in time, Quincke's edema can seize the larynx and trachea. Dexamethasone is used for cupping most often. Incorrect treatment causes death from suffocation of the patient.

Quincke's edema in children occurs less frequently than in adults. It differs by precise localization and visualization of the border with healthy tissues. The child has abdominal pain or vomiting, an increase in peristalsis.

The listed symptoms are a consequence of increasedmembrane permeability. The exposure of the allergen to the cell receptors leads to the release into the bloodstream of mediators of the allergic reaction. They include the mechanism of development of the process. Consequently, Quincke's edema is inevitable. When the allergic nature of the disease appears tearing, often a runny nose. The wings of the nose swell considerably. Visually, angioedema is characterized by erythema eyelids. Opening the eyes becomes difficult. The appearance of papular rash is accompanied by itching.

The severity of the state is characterized by cases in whichthe urethral mucosa is affected. Quincke's edema leads to compression of the canal and anuria. There are edemas of the genital organs. This symptomatology is typical for women.

How to make a correct diagnosis?

Since the outward appearance of the disease is pronounced,orient with the diagnosis of edema Quincke easily. Most often the patient himself understands the reasons for his condition. To clarify the type of stimulus, laboratory tests, blood, urine, and feces are performed. In the absence of a visible cause, a thorough history and dermatology test is conducted for the allergen.

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First aid for swelling of Quincke:

  • injections (dexamethasone or prednisolone), desensitizers;
  • infusion of detoxification solutions, protease inhibitors (ACC, countercranial);
  • taking diuretics.

Quincke's edema serves as an indication for referral to the allergology department.

Edema Quinck should be treated in stages. The complex begins with the establishment of an allergen and the elimination of possible contact with it. Strawberries, grapes, peaches stop consuming because of the high concentration of salicylates. For the same reason, treatment with medicinal products, to which they are included, is not allowed.

Vitaminotherapy is indicated for recoveryfunctions of the nervous system. Doctors recommend to prevent repeated swelling of Quincke by injection of adrenaline. Avoid stress and stay in the optimal temperature of the surrounding area. But dexamethasone is indispensable in all cases when it is necessary to treat an adult or a child with hormonal drugs.

Help with swelling of Quincke after relief of acuteprocess is complemented by the introduction of gamma globulins. The mandatory point is refusal of alcohol. Enzyme preparations help to reduce food allergy. Remember that even experienced citizens can not fight the symptoms on their own.

Features of the disease in children

Quincke's edema can progress in a child'slarge scales. The area of ​​its manifestation is unstable. She changes her location from time to time. Swelling under pressure does not hurt and dents do not arise.

Pathology in each second case proceeds alongsidewith hives. The development of spasm of the larynx appears during from one hour to a day. Time depends on the concentration of the allergen and the degree of sensitization of the body. Difficulty breathing and cyanosis of the face help diagnose Quincke's edema.

In a number of cases, the child has a Quincke edemaonly a fever and an aching joint. Vomiting and upset of the stool grease the overall picture. Children in a larger number are prone to allergies. The reasons can be hidden in antibiotics and food.

The first aid for the swelling of Quincke should beimmediate. The main point is the cessation of contact with the allergen. When bites are applied cold compresses. A sufficient effect occurs if the time starts to be treated with sorbents with an abundant drink. In severe cases, treatment with hormonal drugs blocks the edema of Quincke.

Prevention does not differ from that ofadults. Children who are allergic people should not wear very bright clothes that attract insects. In genetic forms, the ailment is recommended to make a card with personal data and carry it with you.

If you suffer from allergies, then you have only three options:

Option number 1. Specific hyposensitization. The method implies a subcutaneous injection of an allergen with a smooth dose increase. This method aims to ensure that the body has developed antibodies against allergens. The process is long and guarantees that antibodies will not work out. During the procedure, your well-being may be significantly worsened, as you will regularly be exposed to the allergen.

Option number 2. Sublingual immunization. It is necessary to consume the allergen regularly. This method may suit some people with allergy to pollen. Unfortunately, most allergens can not be taken inside (household chemicals, ambrosia, cosmetics, etc.)

Option number 3. Clear the liver and body from toxins and allergens. Strengthen your immunity and keep it despite the time of year and the weather outside the window. You can repeat the methods of treatment of those who quickly and easily could solve the problem. Follow the link to find out what Malyshev recommends to drink to get rid of allergies in a week!

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