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Causes and treatment of edema of the hands

Swelling leads to tissue tension, sizeincreases, there are painful sensations, and after - a hyperemia, the habitual color of a skin changes. The swelling of the hands can be as on two extremities, and on one, right or left. It is difficult for a patient to move fingers, hands, wrists and above. In any case, treatment is prescribed, right up to the operation.

Swelling leads to tissue tension, sizeincreases, there are painful sensations, and after - a hyperemia, the habitual color of a skin changes. The swelling of the hands can be as on two extremities, and on one, right or left. It is difficult for a patient to move fingers, hands, wrists and above. In any case, treatment is prescribed, right up to the operation.

Edema can occur against a background of many diseases. The swelling of the hands starts from the phalanges of the fingers and gradually spreads over the entire limb. It can be on either the left or the right hand, but most often on both. What to do in such cases? Where to go? Treatment is prescribed only by a medical specialist, in order to remove swelling as soon as possible.

If the interstitial space occursexcessive accumulation of fluid, then this condition is called "edema." It can occur both on the limbs and on the face. Visually, edema is easily determined. Puffiness leads to tension of the tissues, the size increases, painful sensations appear, and after - hyperemia, the habitual color of the skin changes.

Swelling of the hands can be as on two extremities, soand on one, right or left. It is difficult for a patient to move fingers, hands, wrists and above. In any case, treatment is prescribed, right up to the operation.

From the point of view of the physiology explaining why there is edema, the following conditions and factors are indicated:

  • the level of permeability of membranes in blood vessels increases manifold;
  • there is a decrease in osmotic pressure due to a decrease in the level of protein and electrolytes, then the vessels do not retain liquid;
  • disturbance of the mechanism of action of valvular apparatus of venous arteries leads to changes in blood circulation;
  • lymphatic edema occurs after trauma, removal of lymph vessels during surgery;
  • edema of the hands may occur due to infection, inflammation;
  • violations in the work of the kidneys and the heart can lead to a general swelling, while in the hands of it is a consequence.

Before doing a diagnosis,why the patient swells, it is necessary to establish the reasons that led to the formation of the disease. All of them require a careful approach to the definition of the "trigger" mechanism.

The mechanical obstacle does not allowvenous blood, lymph freely move along the vessels. The veins are narrowed, the arteries are still working, supplying the tissues with arterial blood that accumulates between the fibers and tissues. There are manifestations of thrombophlebitis, which require urgent surgery.

Changed blood composition does not allow freemove the blood along the blood vessels. The fragility, fragility of the vascular system and after it arises in violation of blood circulation. As a rule, this is the increased content of albumins and electrolytic balance.

A number of diseases central and autonomicnervous system leads to puffiness on the upper limbs due to paresis and paralysis, protrusions and hernias in the thoracic spine, after the stroke.

Caused by the fact that traumatic disorderslead to a violation of inflow-outflow of blood, edema is formed. Such edema develops quickly, the tissues acquire a bluish tinge. Why is this happening? It is localized in the area that has been subjected to traumatic effects. For example, it can be after a bite of animals, insects. Surgical treatment on the limbs, lymph nodes, prolonged anesthesia and position during surgery can lead to swelling of the wrist and hand.

In the inflammatory process in bone tissues,infections, there can be swelling only phalanx of fingers, hands and wrists. Often these are the first symptoms of a beginning illness. It is necessary to identify, why violations occur, what are the causes, and prescribe the treatment of the inflammatory process.

Serious disease of lymphadem leads to edemahand because of a violation of the mechanism of lymph flow through the lymph vessels. Characterized by edema on the right or left side, for problems such as: breast cancer, treatment by surgery, the consequences of its removal. It occurs against the background of lymph flow and blood flow disorders.

Excessive use of alcohol, with excessiveload on the upper limbs, with an uncomfortable position during sleep, swelling of the hands occurs due to blood stagnation. A likely factor in the occurrence of edema on both hands may be an allergic component in detergent, cosmetology. Also, puffiness can be in hot weather due to poor outflow of fluid. Pregnancy can also lead to ailment, but one should look for the cause in general metabolic disorders.

Treatment begins with a diagnosis based onvisual examination of the patient, starting with the hands, the wrist and ending with the shoulder joint. This will reveal why the accumulation of fluid has occurred. It is better, if the therapist or the allergist doctor does it. After the examination, he will prescribe general clinical blood and urine tests. If necessary, will send to the study of marker-allergens to remove allergic causes.

After identifying the causes of the disease, the doctor appointsappropriate treatment. In the most severe cases, when the edema is caused by a purulent process, up to sepsis, operations are performed. If surgical treatment is not required, antibiotics, antihistamines and diuretics will be prescribed first. They will allow tissues to remove excessive osmotic pressure, increase blood flow.

Together with diuretics, appointpreparations of potassium, allowing to maintain balance in the body. Treatment and results are already on the second day. After them, the swelling begins to gradually disappear. The process of edema recession begins from the tips of the fingers to the wrist. If this is the result of an injury, surgery, then swelling lasts up to two to three weeks. The processes after injuries are restored more slowly.

Treatment of edema is not only medicinalpreparations. A special diet and regimen is prescribed, which will reduce the inflow of fluids. What should I do to relieve swelling without resorting to medications? The best way is to significantly limit the intake of liquid and salt. It is necessary to drink as little as possible. Salt promotes fluid retention in the body. Why not drink a lot? The answer is simple - excessive load. If you want to drink, it is better to eat berries, fruits that will quench your thirst.

Vegetables are useful in which great contentsodium and mineral salts, for example, cucumbers, tomatoes. They advise eating more celery, parsley, and if there is no allergy, melons and watermelons are recommended. Dietary products are promoted by dairy products: kefir, yogurt, dairy products. In the evening, after dinner or before going to bed, you can do compresses on the wrists, wrists, elbow joints from the leaves of cabbage or burdock, contrast baths that increase blood supply.

Following the advice of doctors, regardless of the cause, you can avoid this ailment if you try to lead a lifestyle that does not provoke the onset of edema.