The head begins to swell
The occipital headache is an unpleasant phenomenon andcommon, at least once in a life this sensation was tested by each person. Episodic, well responsive to medication, malaise is not dangerous to health. It can be, for example, a consequence of the long disposition of the body in an uncomfortable position. But if the attacks become frequent, and the pain itself is unbearable, a visit to a specialist can not be avoided.
Headaches in the occiput feel a littlein different ways, depending on the reason they are called. These can be stitching, pulling, pulsating, sharp or growing sensations. Listening attentively to one's own organism, it is possible to assume with a high degree of probability in what system - cardiovascular, neurological or bone - the failure occurred and why.
Cervical osteochondrosis and occipital pain
Cervical osteochondrosis is an insidious disease,which causes a variety of ailments, one of which is a headache in the nape. The neck and the region of the temples suffer also, the unpleasant sensations are constant at the same time and are intensified when the head is tilted and the neck turns.
The disease itself is caused by the destruction of the intervertebraldisks in the cervical section of the spine, which can pinch the main feeding artery of the brain. Acute cases can lead to serious impairment of the functioning of the body, so it is extremely important to put the correct diagnosis as soon as possible.
This disease is characterized by extremeDifficulty of any neck movements due to pathological changes that occur in the tissues between the vertebral disks. On the vertebrae, bone growths are formed, the neck grows numb, dizziness appears. and the pain in the occipital part of the head is constant and spreads to the eyes, ears.
Accompanied by sleep disorders. The risk of developing spondylosis includes people whose work implies low mobility and a long stay in the same position, as well as older citizens.
Inflammatory process, localized in musclesneck, which can be caused by hypothermia, as well as trauma and prolonged exposure in an uncomfortable position. Pain sensations are asymmetrical, begin in the nape and then pass into the shoulder and shoulder area.
Violated blood circulation in the muscles, resulting in painful seals in the cervical region. The headache in the nape is strong and constant, accompanied by stiffness of the muscles of the shoulders and neck.
Increased pressure causes a pulsatingheadache in the occipital segment of the head, in 60% of cases such malaise occurs in the first hours after awakening. With the tilt of the head, unpleasant sensations intensify, the head in the back of the head hurts, the heart palpitations become sick, the dizziness arises.
The convulsive contraction of the arteries, whichlocated directly on the inner surface of the skull, leads to a temporary disturbance of blood flow and the occurrence of painful pulsations in the occipital and frontal areas. Dizziness increases with the slightest movement and almost completely passes at rest.
If the outflow of venous blood is disturbed during a spasm, dull pulling sensations appear, the occiput becomes numb, the lower eyelid swells.
A frequent companion of diseases that somehow affect the cervical spine. Another cause that causes neuralgia of the occipital nerve is hypothermia.
Unpleasant sensations are decorated in the form of sharpAttacks, sensations have a burning, shooting character. Starts in the back of the head and gradually shifts to the back, neck, ears and jaw. Even smooth movements of the head provoke a sharp increase in the pain syndrome. Between attacks there is a feeling that something is pressing on the occipital region. If the disease has taken a chronic form, there is an increased sensitivity of the vessels of the head.
Serious bite defects often provokeoccurrence of systematic headaches. Attacks are similar to migraine: dull pain occurs in the nape and extends to the parietal region, often localized only on one side, on the right or on the left.
Unpleasant sensations caused by incorrectbite, can begin at any age; It is mainly a 15 to 30 year interval. The onset of the attack occurs in the daytime, its intensity increases by evening.
Disorders of bite can often be corrected withusing wearing a bracket system for several years. In especially serious cases, which provoke the strongest unpleasant sensations, the maxillofacial operation is shown.
A hard, painful lump on the back of the head canbe a cyst that needs to be deleted in an orderly manner. The pain is constant, debilitating, reacts to the impact of folk methods of treatment, but quickly arises again.
Pain that accompanies this pathology canhave different localization and feel like the entire head, and only in the occipital part. A bright light, sudden sounds respond with an increase in the pain syndrome, can be noted in the eyes. Nauseated, while vomiting does not improve the condition.
An increasingly common causethe occurrence of headaches in the occipital part of the head is a small mobility during the working day. The number of professions is increasing, which means that the body is in a permanent position for many hours, first of all, those whose work is closely connected with the computer. Recommended hourly 15-minute breaks in work are ignored, which leads to constant blunt pain in the cervical spine.
The most obvious reason for the appearance of unpleasantsensations in the nape - an injury in this area. A strong bump can create a bump that is painful when touched. As a first aid in this kind of damage, a cold object or a wet towel is suitable.
Treatment of pain in the back of the head
When the systematic pains in the back of the head are disturbed,it is best to contact the therapist: he will perform the initial diagnosis and determine why the disease has appeared. If necessary, give directions to specialist doctors. Treatment of the underlying disease ensures the complete disappearance of unpleasant symptoms.
Surgical intervention of varying degreescomplexity and urgency can be shown if a serious pathology of blood vessels or internal organs is diagnosed. In other cases, a set of measures is prescribed for treatment, which usually includes:
- Massage. Not applicable for increased intracranial pressure and spondylosis, in other cases this procedure significantly improves the overall condition. Massage should be conducted by a professional and be systematic, most often a cycle of three courses of 10 days with an interval of 1-2 months is recommended. It is also useful to make an independent acupressure massage. rubbing and stretching the neck area, collar zone.
- Osteopathy. A great tool for correcting the manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis.
- Physiotherapy. In the arsenal of funds for the treatment of myogelosis, spondylosis, osseochondrosis, there are the most modern means, including ultrasonic and laser procedures, electrophoresis and magnetotherapy.
- Moderate physical activity within the framework of therapeutic physical training. Properly performed special exercises contribute to improving blood flow and relieving tension in the muscles of the neck.
- Acupuncture. With its help, there is organized a point effect on the active zones, which are on the surface of the body. Can help with neuralgia of the occipital nerve.
With moderate pain syndromefirst of all it is necessary to normalize the sleep and rest regime, to revise the way of life in order to maximize its health: this may be enough to make the headaches retreat.
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