Internal swelling in the body
With swelling during pregnancy is encountered before80% of women. That is why many future mothers, faced with such problems, do not see any cause for concern. In most cases, there is no cause for concern, however, quite often, swelling is a symptom of more serious diseases that require timely treatment. And the edema itself during pregnancy are extremely unpleasant, and can harm the fetus.
The causes of edema during pregnancy can be very different. Most often it's just a matter of physiological edema, which is consequence of hormonal changes. However, edema can also develop as a result of cardiac or renal insufficiency .
In addition, edema in the last months of pregnancy is the first sign of late toxicosis of pregnant women - gestosis . Most often with swelling, a woman faces at the end or in the middle of pregnancy, in the early stages of swelling during pregnancy is a rarity.
The most interesting position is already an occasionfor the development of edema. They are the result of changes in the hormonal background of the pregnant woman. The fact is that from the first days of pregnancy the level of progesterone increases dramatically. Its main function is to block the contractile functions of the uterus, that is, to keep the pregnancy. A side effect of the action of this hormone is the accumulation of potassium. And it, in turn, promotes the retention of fluid in the body.
In addition, in the body of a pregnant womanthe volume of blood circulating through blood vessels increases. As a result, pressure on the walls of blood vessels increases. Because of the increased pressure, blood can penetrate through the walls into surrounding tissues, which is also the cause of edema.
Both these reasons are the norm for pregnant women and cause for concern are not. Well, unless there are strong swelling in pregnancy.
The same progesterone causes anotheran unpleasant phenomenon - swelling of the nasal mucosa during pregnancy. It would seem that the terrible, common cold. The problem is that it can not be treated with conventional methods. The vasoconstrictors not only relieve the woman of the common cold, but also narrow the vessels in the placenta and umbilical cord, which can cause fetal hypoxia. The rest of the funds from the cold run through the placenta into the baby's blood.
However, not treating is also not an option. Swelling of the nose during pregnancy makes breathing difficult, less oxygen enters the bloodstream, and we also have oxygen starvation in the fetus. It remains only in time to clean the nasal cavity and rinse with salt water or saline.
Swelling of the labia during the third trimester of pregnancyhave a somewhat different physiology, although they also do not carry any threat. In the third trimester, the size of the fetus becomes quite large. The child presses on the lower part of the uterus and squeezes the blood vessels. This causes a stagnation of blood and, as a consequence, swelling. In more complex cases, varicose veins of the vagina may develop. It is manifested by the protrusion of veins and the formation of nodes. By and large, this condition is also not a pathology. After delivery, varicose veins usually go away.
The cause of edema can be problems withcardiovascular system, for example, heart disease, or other diseases that can cause heart failure. Edema caused by cardiac problems have a strictly defined localization: they always tend to go down. That is, if a woman is standing, then there are swelling of the legs during pregnancy, when lying down, the waist or stomach swells.
In order to accurately diagnose, doctorsusually check the size of the liver. The fact is that with swelling associated with heart disease, the first thing is to increase the size of the liver, while in other types of edema the liver does not change.
Crashes in the work of the kidneys
Not all violations in the work of the kidneys causeswelling during pregnancy. The cause of these problems is usually acute and chronic glomerulonephritis. In this case, the first thing swells around the face during pregnancy, and only after that begin to swell hands and feet.
Of course, most often, a woman knows about herproblems with the kidneys. This greatly simplifies the diagnosis. However, in some cases, such diseases arise on the background of pregnancy primarily. In this case, in order to diagnose a kidney disease, it will be necessary to conduct additional studies. If the diagnosis is confirmed, drug treatment will be performed in the hospital.
The most common cause of pathological edemais gestosis, or late toxicosis of pregnant women. In this case, swelling is only the first symptom of a serious problem. After swelling, you expect an increase in blood pressure, the appearance of protein in the urine and changes in the brain, which are manifested, including convulsions. The cause of edema in gestosis is spasm of blood vessels due to impaired blood supply to the brain and kidneys. Blood due to increased pressure in the vessels swims into the tissue, which creates swelling.
Edema with gestosis can be of a very different nature. There are three stages of swelling or dropsy of pregnant women.
At the first stage, of course, Swelling of legs during pregnancy. This is due to elementary physics: liquid under the influence of gravity tends to go down. With strong swelling of the legs, there is a risk of developing varicose veins due to the increasing pressure on the veins from the swelling of the tissues. Usually, after delivery, varicose veins of pregnant women pass. As prevention of varicose veins, in the case of the presence of edema of the feet, it makes sense to wear compression tights. However, a doctor's consultation is necessary before this.
Swelling of the abdomen, lower back and sacrum
The second stage is characterized by swelling of the abdomen withpregnancy, as well as the lumbar and sacral department. The amount of fluid in the body has increased, and, roughly speaking, in the legs it no longer fits. The swelling of the abdomen is much more difficult to notice, but it is much more dangerous for the fetus.
Swelling of the hands and face
The third stage is the most serious. At this time, fingers and hands are swelling during pregnancy, some puffiness appears. Especially strong eyelids swell. due to the structural features of loose fabrics, which absorb water well.
How to determine the presence of edema
How to identify swelling in pregnancy? In most cases, a woman is able to do it herself. The very first sign, on which women always pay attention - swollen leg is difficult to insert into shoes. Indicator of the presence of swelling can be and engagement ring.
With swollen hands to remove it is almost impossible. Another reliable way to determine swelling is regular weighing. If there is an increase in weight greater than 300 g per week, or weight gain does not go evenly - this also indicates the presence of edema.
In addition, the skin of a woman with swelling firstbecomes loose, and later on the contrary, as it were pulled, becomes tense. If you press the skin of the foot in front, where there is no muscle tissue under the skin, a dent will remain, which will take some time to level off.
Unfortunately, in some cases, there are hidden, internal swelling during pregnancy. They are much harder to determine by eye. It is in this case that a good service will be regularly monitored for the weight of a woman. Hidden edemas, or, as they are called, pastose, give themselves out as sharp and uneven jumps in weight.
Plan honey. examinations for the diagnosis of edema
It is, of course, easier for doctors to determine the presence ofedema, even if they are hidden. However, the doctor can also experience certain difficulties with this. In this case, there is a need for additional research.
Swelling of the pregnancy occurs then, the codethere is a fluid retention in the body. It is this delay that monitors diuresis, that is, the process of measuring consumption and discharge of fluid per day. Normally, a man with swords removes up to 75% of the drunk fluid, the rest is derived through breathing and sweat. If there are obvious deviations from these indications, then there are hidden swelling.
If the ankle diameter changes more than 1 cm, it is also a clear sign of edema.
A woman is injected subcutaneously with a physiologicalsolution. Usually formed from this blister dissolves within an hour. However, swollen tissues absorb liquid more slowly. And the more time is required for the resorption of the blister, the more severe the swelling.
On their own, edemas are rarely really dangerous. In general, the danger is represented by those diseases, the symptoms of which they are. However, internal swelling of the abdomen can harm the fetus. The fact is that the muscular tissues mainly swell, including the uterus, placenta and abdominal wall. The swollen placenta can clamp the vessels of the umbilical cord, which causes a lack of oxygen in the baby. Here is the answer to the question, what are the dangerous swelling in pregnancy.
Perhaps, there is only one question left: how to relieve or reduce swelling in pregnancy. If it is a question of physiological edemas, then, more often than not, it is enough to observe diet for pregnant women with edema, and monitor fluid intake. The first thing is to give up fatty,fried, smoked and salty foods. Especially strongly contributes to the retention of fluid in the body of salt, so it's better to all the food a little nedosalivat. If to speak about numerical expression, then the norm of salt for a pregnant woman is 8 grams, and in normal life - 14 g. In some cases, you can drink diuretics, but only after consulting a doctor.
Treat pathological swelling in pregnancysolely a diet can not. It is important to exclude the root cause. The most difficult thing is with gestosis. The fact is that in this case, despite swelling, the woman's body is facing dehydration. This means that in this case, categorically contraindicated diuretic, and to limit fluid intake is dangerous. What to do with gestosis in pregnancy?
In this case, first of all you still have to start observing diet. Completely this problem does not solve, but the general tension will remove. In addition, with gestosis, medication is prescribed. Including vasoconstrictor. In some particularly acute cases, a dropper can be prescribed during pregnancy from swelling. The most commonly prescribed magnesium.
The fight against edema during pregnancy is conducted andpopular methods. In various sources you can find recipes with herbs, cranberries, pumpkins and even dried apricots from swelling during pregnancy. Green tea is a particularly effective remedy for swelling in pregnancy. However, all these tips are relevant with the proper share of criticality. And in no case can not substitute for people's prescriptions treatment prescribed by a doctor.
Since most women face with swelling during pregnancy, it is very important to start the prevention of swelling in pregnancy on time. This will help you already mentioned diet and control of consumed fluid. In addition, at any time, an excellent way to avoid edema during pregnancy is regular physical exercise. Of course, no one offers in the last weeks of pregnancy with edema to do full exercise, but elementary walks in the fresh air are available to everyone.
Do not forget about strengthening the walls of blood vessels. However, before taking any medications, be sure to check with your doctor if they are safe for you and the baby.
Finally, I want to recall that in themselvesedema is almost always safe. However, this is not a reason to give up on them. In any case, you need to see a doctor and make sure there are no pathologies. And remember, with what you would not have to face, everything is fixable.