Edema in the knee area
What is the swelling of the ankle and knee joint?
Swelling of the ankle - a swelling and inflammation of soft tissues,characterized by pain and discomfort. Depending on the cause that caused this problem, edema can be very pronounced or almost invisible.
Edema of the knee joint - is the body's response to any damage or inflammation. This condition is characterized most often by a slight swelling of the tissues and muscles located around the knee.
Causes of ankle and knee swelling
As the reasons that caused the edema of one or another degree of severity, the following can be distinguished in the ankle joint:
Gout. in most cases provokes a strong swelling of the tissues and a feeling of pain when walking. This is due to the fact that inside the joint is formed an excess of uric acid, which is not excreted from the urine.
Arthritis is a very common disease,due to which the cartilaginous tissue begins to degenerate, and then ossified, as a result of the friction of the deformed processes against each other, edema occurs. Often is a companion of the elderly.
Osteoarthritis often leads to severe swelling. They are formed due to the fact that the synovial fluid is released as a result of the strongest inflammation, but it extends beyond the joint bag, since the latter undergoes deformation.
With bursitis and synovitis, edemas often occur, since the same synovial fluid either is not properly excreted or accumulates in the wrong place.
Psoriatic arthritis is always associated with a skin disease called psoriasis. In this arthritis of the toes, provokes the formation of a small swelling in the ankle joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. When due to a malfunction in the immune system, diseases of healthy tissues arise, often it affects the ankle joint.
In case of infection, after traumaticthe penetration of bacteria into the ankle often causes its inflammation, and as a consequence, and swelling. This condition is called septic arthritis.
Peripheral edema, which is associated with the fact that there are problems in the circulation of blood. As a rule, both legs swell at once.
Infections of soft tissues that can be caused by viruses and bacteria.
As for puffiness in the knee joint, they often arise as a consequence of a number of diseases:
Osteoarthritis most often affects the patella, andnamely its posterior part, leading to deformation of the joint, as a result of which the liquid begins to collect above the knee, this leads to swelling. Similar conditions cause also septic, and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as gout.
Often the cause of swelling in the region of the knee joint is the cyst of the meniscus. In this case, the more it is bigger, the more swelling will be noticeable.
The knee joint is sometimes swollen with exfoliating osteochondritis, when necrosis of cartilage occurs with the separation of free bodies into its area.
Bursitis causes swelling in the area of the anterior-lower surface of the patella. This is due to the inflammation of the bursa itself and the accumulation of synovial fluid in it.
If we consider the causes that lead toedema of both the knee and ankle joint, not from the point of view of diseases, then to various types of trauma: fractures. dislocations. stretching. bruises.
Symptoms accompanying swelling of the ankle and knee joint
Depending on what caused the swelling of the joint, both knee and ankle, there will be a number of accompanying swelling of the symptoms:
With gout and arthritis, the edema itself is accompanied not only by the swelling of the tissues, but also by painful sensations, both in the joint and in the muscles.
In psoriatic arthritis, in addition to swelling, red spots are observed throughout the body, covered with scales, and swelling of the joints on the fingers and toes occurs.
Septic arthritis in addition to swelling in the joints, gives itself to the presence of fever.
With bursitis, the skin around the knee not only swells, but also reddens, can be hot to the touch and accompanied by severe pain.
If swelling occurs as a result of trauma, then it will be accompanied by severe pain, even in a calm state.
Treatment of ankle and knee swelling
Before starting the treatment of edema, as inankle, and in the knee joint, it is necessary to determine the causes of its causes. In order to make the correct diagnosis, you need to address your complaints to the therapist!
There are several ways that you can applyat home, in order to slightly reduce the resulting swelling. For this, a cold compress should be applied to the site of swelling of the tissues. You can use and analgesic ointments. If it does not become easier, then it is definitely necessary to consult a doctor!
Most often, patients who have suchSerious diseases, like arthritis, arthrosis or bursitis, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs. To increase the effectiveness, it is possible to perform exercise therapy, as well as to attend physiotherapy. Often, patients are encouraged to review their diet and switch to a certain diet. An integrated approach to the treatment of diseases of the knee and ankle often gives a positive result. In this case, it is always worth remembering that edema is not a disease, but only a consequence of various violations in the work of either the joints or the body as a whole. Therefore, to eliminate it - does not mean to get rid of the disease, because after a short time it will appear again. Only a well-designed therapeutic regimen based on a series of studies will help a person to feel healthy again. In addition, surgical intervention, immobilization and orthosis are often required.
The author of the article: Vafaeva Julia Valerievna, nephrologist