Pain and swelling of the ankles
Alternative names: sprain of ankle ligaments. dislocation of the ankle
Under pain in a spoon, as a rule, understand anydiscomfort in one or both ankles, often the pain is caused by an ankle sprain. Stretching the ligaments of the ankle is a damage to the ligaments that connect the bones to each other.
Causes of pain in the ankles
In most cases, an ankle dislocation causes small ruptures in the ligaments. This leads to the appearance of pain, swelling and bruising, which makes it difficult to transfer weight to the joint.
In addition to ankle sprains, pain can be caused by:
- Damage or swelling of the tendons (which connect the muscles to the bone) or cartilage (which softens the joints)
- Infection in the ankle joint
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Reiter's Syndrome
- Other types of arthritis
Problems in the ankle can make you feel pain in the ankle-fitting legs that include:
- Blockage of blood vessels in the legs
- Pain in the heels
- Injuries caused by gait disturbance
- Nerve damage (eg, tunnel syndrome or lumbosacral radiculitis)
Your doctor will perform a physical examination of the ankle causing discomfort and will ask questions about the nature, causes, duration and intensity of the pain.
Diagnostic tests that may be required include the following:
- Analysis of synovial fluid (fluid from the joint bag)
- Radiography of the ankle and possibly the entire leg
Treatment of pain in the ankles
Treatment of sprained ankle ligaments
- Rest your injured ankle for a few days.
- Try not to carry a lot of weight on the sore ankle when you are sitting or standing.
- Put a cold bandage on the area of pain. Apply ice for 10-15 minutes every hour for the first day. Later apply ice every 3-4 hours for 2 days.
- You can also buy a special bandage that supports the ankle.
- Use crutches or walking sticks to help relieve the load from the ankle.
- Keep your legs above the level of the heart. When you are sitting or sleeping, put two pillows under your ankles.
- Try to use acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and swelling.
- As the edema and pain improve, it is necessary to protect the patient's ankle from an additional load of up to 10 days for a softer stretch, and 2 to 5 weeks for more severe stretching.
Trauma can take from a few weeks tomany months, until complete healing. Once pain and swelling have passed, the injured ankle will still be slightly weaker and less stable than the intact leg.
You may be discharged non-steroidanti-inflammatory drugs, special devices and equipment are recommended for walking, or special staples may be applied. Surgery is required in rare cases.
Start to perform special exercises to strengthen your ankle, it will help to strengthen it and avoid injuries in the future. Do not start these exercises without consulting a traumatologist.
With problems of the ankle, associated with arthritis and its varieties. entrust your treatment to an experienced doctor.
Prevention of pain and sprains of the ankle
- Lose weight if you are overweight. Extra pounds increase the burden on the ankles.
- Warm up before training. Stretch the muscles and tendons that support the ankle joint.
- Avoid sports and activities, for which the load on the ankles is properly conditioned.
- Wear comfortable shoes. Avoid high heels.
- If you are prone to ankle injury or dislocation during certain activities, use special shoes or orthopedic aids, elastic bandages.
- Perform exercises to balance and strengthen the muscles of the legs.