Renal Replacement Causes
Here you will learn about the causes of leg edema and methodstreatment of this small, but still unpleasant. So, let's first determine what all the same is swelling. The swelling of the legs arises from a variety of causes, and some of them are not completely harmless. The cause of edema can be different factors. At usual exhaustion and long time on legs legs or foots are well helped or assisted to take out edemas of feet national means of treatment. After 7 pm you need to drink as little liquid as possible. The cause of edema of the legs can be different disorders in our body, and, therefore, the treatment should be different? for each case its own. It is best to consult a doctor with swelling of the feet, but something will not hurt to know for yourself.
Swelling of the legs is a symptom that manifests itselfvisible swelling of the lower extremities, an increase in their circumference, and also, as a rule, other symptoms and unpleasant sensations. There is a huge number of causes of leg swelling. These can be common diseases (for example, cardiac edema of the legs), as well as the pathology of the lower limbs themselves. Leg edema can be one-sided and bilateral, have varying degrees of severity (swelling of the fingers and feet, or up to the thigh). Based on these signs, as well as additional symptoms, the doctor can give the patient a certain diagnosis. Below we will consider the most common causes of leg swelling.
As a rule, edema, in medical practice,called the accumulation of excess fluid in the cells of the body. Most often swell limbs, fatty subcutaneous tissue, excess fluid can accumulate in the abdominal cavity.
If after a hard day on a hot summer day, orafter a long stay in an uncomfortable position, or after a long walk in uncomfortable shoes, your legs or hands become swollen - do not be afraid. Edema, in itself, is not a disease. But if the swelling of the legs occurs often enough, then you will not be hindered to visit a doctor, take tests and find out the cause of puffiness, as this indicates certain problems in the body.
Swelling most often occurs with diseaseskidneys, cardiovascular system, stagnant processes in tissues, with violation of permeability of capillary walls, there are traumatic edema. Often swelling of limbs in patients with allergies or with diabetes. Swelling of the tissues can occur during severe pregnancy.
There are more than a dozen different reasonsthe occurrence of edema of the legs or hands, but only an expert medical specialist will be able to diagnose and prescribe an effective treatment, after a detailed study of your symptoms and laboratory tests. Self-medication is not worth it. Below we will consider the most common causes of leg swelling.
Causes of leg edema
Short-term swelling may occur whenincreased stress on the feet, especially often in the summer, in extreme heat. Especially if you at that time drank a lot of liquid. But such puffiness can also testify to a metabolic disorder, various kidney diseases, and also a change in the arch of the arch of the foot - that is, with flat feet. Often, the legs swell in people with excess weight and with varicose veins. Puffiness is the first symptom of varicose veins, when you can not see the bulging vessels on your legs, so if you contact your doctor in a timely manner, you have a chance to prevent the disease at the very beginning, and thus avoid many problems.
Why do our legs swell? There can be several reasons. As a rule, this indicates a violation of blood circulation in the lower extremities, when the outflow of venous blood is disturbed, while the pressure in the veins and capillaries increases, which squeezes the liquid into the outer soft tissues - this is the edema.
The cause of swelling can be either in violation of the removal of fluid (blood and lymph) from the lower extremities or in its increased formation.
The most common reasons are from the groupmechanical obstacles. There is a compression of venous vessels with tumors or a pregnant uterus, with blockage of veins by thrombi, with lymphatic drainage of lymphatic vessels. In this case, there is an increase in pressure in the smallest capillaries and an increase in the sweatiness of the liquid of their blood plasma into the surrounding tissues.
In the bloodstream, the fluid retains salts and proteins. Therefore, a decrease in the number of proteins in the blood plasma contributes to the release of fluid from the blood into the tissue.
Acceptance of certain medications, includingnumber and recommended by the doctor, can promote fluid retention in the body. First of all (because of the frequency of admission) this refers to the group of glucocorticoids prescribed for allergies, inflammatory joint diseases, bronchial asthma, and oncological diseases. But the side effects are manifested only with prolonged admission. The same effect is possessed by preparations of sex hormones, both female and male. Female sex hormones are taken as a contraceptive (estrogen and progesterone oral contraceptives), and testosterone (male sex hormone) is prescribed for men in the treatment of sexual impotence and obesity. Also worth paying attention to drugs for the treatment of high blood pressure - from the group of ACE inhibitors.
The causes of leg swelling during pregnancy. Often on foot swelling pregnant women complain. And for that there are several reasons. First, hormonal. For the preservation and normal course of pregnancy in the body is released in large quantities of hormone progesterone, which relaxes the smooth muscles not only of the uterus, but also of the vessels and promotes fluid retention in the body. Secondly, in the second half of pregnancy a large uterus squeezes large veins in the abdominal cavity, making it difficult for them to flow. This helps to increase the pressure in the veins of the lower extremities, and they swell. Thirdly, edema of the legs (and not only) can be a sign of gestosis (late toxicosis of pregnant women), which, progressing (developing), can threaten the life of both the future mother and the baby.
Exercises for swelling of feet
If the cause of blood stasis and subsequent swelling, in the wrong posture or uncomfortable shoes, restore the blood circulation will help such simple exercises.
Sit comfortably, rotate your feet firstclockwise, then counterclockwise. Pull your leg as far as possible with your fingers forward, then press your fingers against yourself. A few minutes like fingertips, then stand on your toes and stand for 1-2 minutes. Try to raise your pencil with your toes. And at the end - massage your fingers and feet with vigorous movements.
If you will perform such exercises at the end of each hard day, the puffiness will quickly come down, and you will not be bothered anymore.
For rapid removal of puffiness on the hands and feetthere are a lot of ointments and gels. But to use them independently, without the appointment of a doctor is not recommended, since similar ointments do not treat the cause, but only remove the main symptom, driving the disease inside.
Of the most popular pharmacy products, you cancall heparin ointment, Essaven gel, venitane, troxevasin, lyoton, as well as all venous ointments and gels made on the basis of horse chestnut. These ointments have a similar mechanism of action - they improve the venous circulation, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, dilute the blood, thus eliminating microthrombi in capillaries and larger vessels.
Folk remedies for the treatment of leg swelling
In addition to the ointments purchased at the pharmacy, you canuse household funds. A positive effect will give massage of swollen feet with specially prepared ice slices with medicinal plants: astragalus, arnica, sage, yarrow, eucalyptus
It is useful to rub the tired feet with a mixture of turpentine and castor oil. For this, take 2 parts of castor oil and 1 part of turpentine. After the massage the legs must be carefully wrapped.
You can also make a warm or contrasting foot bath. Add sea salt or decoctions of herbs to the water. In the end, well rub your feet with a hard terry towel.
To prevent your legs from swelling by the evening, try to drink less liquid after 18-00, go through a course of treatment with broths of diuretic medicinal herbs: birch buds, corn stigmas, horsetail field.