Peripheral edema

The site is intended only for medical workers

Please read the rules for using the information posted in this section of the site.

In accordance with the provisions of the Federal Law"On the circulation of medicinal products" dated April 12, 2010 No. 61-FZ, information posted on this section of the site is qualified as information on prescription drugs. This information represents literal texts and quotations of monographs, reference books of scientific articles, reports at congresses, conferences, symposiums, scientific councils, as well as instructions for the medical use of medicines manufactured by the pharmaceutical company PRO.MED.CS Prague a.o. (Czech Republic).

In accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation, this information is intended exclusively for medical and pharmaceutical workers and can only be used by them.

Nothing in this information canTo be considered as a recommendation to a citizen (patient) for diagnosing and treating any diseases and can not serve as a substitute for consultation with a medical worker.

Nothing in this information should be interpreted as appealing to a citizen (patient) to independently purchase or use any of the above medicines.

This information can not be usedcitizen (patient) for independent decision-making on the medical use of any of the above medicines and / or a decision to change the medical care order recommended by a medical professional for any of the above medicines.

This information applies only tomedicinal products registered in the Russian Federation in accordance with the procedure established by law. The names of the above medications registered in other countries, as well as recommendations for their medical use, may differ from the information posted in this section of the site. Not all the above medicines in circulation in the territory of the Russian Federation are permitted for medical use in other countries.

Peripheral edema is a pathological condition that is caused by excessive accumulation of fluid in the extravascular region of tissues, i.e., interstitium.

Causes. Edema can occur as a result of diseases:

  • of cardio-vascular system,
  • kidney,
  • liver,
  • thyroid gland and other endocrine structures.

In a number of cases, swelling is caused:

  • ingestion of an allergen into the body (angioedema),
  • lack of protein,
  • a local obstruction to lymphatic or venous outflow.

Symptoms. Edema can be:

  • hidden (in the presence of 5-7 l of excess fluid),
  • explicit.

The patient may note the following symptoms:

  • increase in body weight (often rapid, 1-2 kg per day),
  • puffiness of face,
  • an increase in the size of the legs and feet,
  • need to buy shoes and clothes 1-2 sizes larger,
  • rare urination,
  • Shortness of breath.

Other clinical manifestations depend on the affected organ.

Diagnostics. A comprehensive survey is conducted:

  • laboratory tests of blood and urine,
  • ECG,
  • Echocardiography,
  • Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity + kidney,
  • consultations of the endocrinologist, nephrologist, cardiologist.

Depending on the identified changes, the range of diagnostic activities can be extended.

To assess the dynamics of edema:

  • daily weighing,
  • measurements of the drumsticks.

Treatment. Therapy is aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease.

  • A selection of drug therapy aimed at compensating for cardiac, renal and / or hepatic insufficiency is being conducted.
  • Symptomatic is the receptiondiuretics. With long-term admission, it is necessary to focus on potassium-sparing drugs, and if necessary - in addition to fill the deficiency of electrolytes.
  • Drugs for the treatment of urinary incontinence. including - nocturnal enuresis. can provoke swelling. Therefore, if possible, the means of this group are canceled.

The drug Spazmeks can be found
in a convenient patient pharmacy, including using on-line services, for example.