Allergic reaction of the edema to the first aid
Acute allergic skin edema, in which inflammation begins in the subcutaneous tissue and mucous membranes, is called Quinck's edema.
Edema is characterized by the fact that the allergic reaction to any allergen proceeds instantaneously, and as an irritant there can be anything from an insect bite to a blood disease.
As for the origin of the problem,have not yet accurately determined etymology. Slightly less than half of the cases are attributed to a hyperosperm reaction to an allergen, 20-25% of the causes are found in the patient's genetic predisposition, and in a third of cases it is impossible to understand what caused the occurrence.
However, the disease and its reaction are sufficiently dangerous, primarily because it can lead to a fatal outcome, which is why the treatment of edema should be immediate, timely and rapid.
Symptoms of Quincke's edema are almost unrealisticconfuse with any other manifestation of an allergic reaction. First of all, a person begins to feel the tension and tension of the skin at the site of allergies.
At the same time, there is practically no edema in the place of edema formationthere are no painful moments, that is, the swelling proceeds without pain. Skin does not change pigmentation, and when pressed on the skin there are no traces.
Sometimes the symptoms are not so obvious and manifest on the internal organs, with the defeat can hurt the joints and the shell of the brain.
Most often, edema is formed in the tissues of the palms,stop, neck, face, this is all not so dangerous manifestation of allergy. It is much more dangerous when a reaction occurs in the area of the trachea or pharynx. It is such an allergic reaction that occurs in every fourth patient. In these 25% and is the main danger, as with edema the patient can lose consciousness, suffocate and die.
Here are a couple of examples. So, with edema that develops on internal organs, the patient complains of sharp pains in the abdominal region, he begins severe diarrhea and all this is accompanied by vomiting.
If the edema is localized on the respiratory organs, thenevery fourth case you can notice, or rather hear, that the voice of the patient has sat down. In this case, you can diagnose a feeling of suffocation, there is a cough, pain in the throat.
If Quincke is manifested by edema on the bladder,but it is diagnosed with a rash when the bladder is emptied and the urination process is malfunctioning, but these symptoms are sufficiently erased and can easily be mistaken for the manifestation of other diseases.
It is also worth noting that with the continuation of the edema for more than six weeks, we can state its transition to a chronic form.
In the treatment of edema, it is always necessary to use both basic and auxiliary drugs and preparations. First of all, the patient is given injections of hormonal and antihistamines.
As antihistamines, the most common drugs are used:
But, as for the auxiliary drugs in the treatment, the cromoglycans are often prescribed.
In the treatment of Quincke not only medicines take part, but also diets, the proper daily routine, and peace.
In case of asphyxia, when a patient develops an asphyxia, it is necessary to intubate the trachea and if such a procedure is performed, it will require additional stimulation in the form of adrenaline and ephedrine.
In general, the treatment of edema always has a favorable outcome and can last for several weeks.
It is necessary to know about first aid for edema,if it just leads to asphyxia. First of all, you must immediately isolate the patient from the allergen. To alleviate the condition of the patient, it must be freed from tight clothing and provide fresh air.
If possible, open all windows. All this helps to wait for the ambulance team.
In this case, the patient should be located insemi-sitting or sitting position, but not lying on his back. In place of the swelling, you can apply a wet towel, make a foot hot bath, and in the nose enough to drip any vasoconstrictor drops.
After the arrival of the ambulance, the patient receivesantihistamines and it is necessarily hospitalized. It is important to know here that relief after an attack of acute reaction can be temporary and there is a new exacerbation, therefore, hospitalization is necessary to prevent and timely diagnose a second attack.
Quincke's Edema: the first symptoms and therapies
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