Remove edema in allergic rhinitis
In recent decades, allergic reactions inpopulation are very widespread. According to statistical data, 8-12% of the inhabitants of the world suffer from various forms of allergy, which most often develop in 10-20 years.
Allergic rhinitis is one of the optionsinadequate response of the body to various external stimuli - pollen of flowering plants, insect bites, mold and yeast fungi, mites in library, house dust, various toxic or flavored chemicals in household chemicals, household items, and internal irritants - certain foods or medicinal preparations.
What to do if a child or adult appearsseasonal or all-the-year-round rhinitis? How to treat allergic rhinitis, what drugs, medicines, drops, sprays? To suffer permanent nasal congestion, sneezing, tickling and itching in the nose, lacrimation can not be, it affects the mood, the state of the nervous system, disrupts the habitual way of life and reduces efficiency. In addition, a constant long-term course of allergic rhinitis, the symptoms of which are pronounced, can provoke the occurrence of nasal bleeding, polyps in the nose, otitis and sinusitis, and sinusitis. severe impairment of smell and bronchial asthma.
Signs, symptoms of allergic rhinitis in children and adults
When allergic rhinitis symptoms beginmanifest after contact with the allergen, if it is animal hair, then after being in the room with pets, when using woolen blankets, feather pillows, there are long sneezing attacks, they may appear at the time of contact with the allergen or after some time, mornings.
If it is a hay fever, then it can occur in anya period when trees or weeds are blooming - from spring to autumn. Moreover, the characteristic sign of allergic rhinitis in children and adults is the resulting transverse fold on the nose, which arises from frequent scratching of the nose with incessant itching.
In a person with a year-round allergic rhinitiscan be constantly stuffy nose, and breathe is just a mouth. This leads to chronic stagnant processes, loss of taste and smell, complicated by the addition of a secondary infection with a strong mucosal edema and occlusion of the paranasal sinuses.
Also a frequent companion of allergic rhinitisis lacrimation, discomfort in the eyes, itching, redness of the conjunctiva of the eyes - allergic conjunctivitis, puffiness of the face, it is also possible the appearance of an allergic cough. that in the future can provoke the development of bronchial asthma.
When examined by an otolaryngologist, the mucosa of the cavitynose is friable and pale, discharge from the nose is often watery. In the throat there are usually no significant changes, but sometimes it is also possible to develop chronic pharyngitis, tonsillitis. With seasonal rhinitis, serious complications usually do not happen.
Persons suffering from allergic rhinitis, verysensitive to various chemical odors, to perfumes, cosmetics, to tobacco smoke, to smells of household chemicals, washing powders, new furniture, pungent smells of new carpets and other industrial products with evaporation of harmful substances (see the influence of household chemicals on health).
Why has the population recently so oftenthere are various allergic reactions? The reasons for this phenomenon are still not clear, there are only theoretical guesses. The main of which is the use of chlorinated water, unfavorable ecology, increased radioactive background, harmful chemicals in foods, antibiotics in meat, pesticides and nitrates in vegetables and fruits, the use of a mass of medicines - all this prepares the body for an allergic response to seemingly innocuous stimuli .
The mechanism of the onset of an allergic reaction has been well studied and is known:
- If a high level of immunoglobulins E - a delayed type reaction arises
- When the primary contact with the allergen occursthe preparation of mast cells, and with repeated contact - their destruction with the release of histamine and similar mediators, they increase the permeability of the cell walls for plasma - hence the itching, swelling and liquid discharge from the nose.
- At children even at the first contact with an allergen because of features of system of a complement which is inherited from parents and which at once destroys mast cells.
What to do if there is an allergy, how to treat allergic rhinitis for children and adults?
Non-drug treatment of allergic rhinitis
Nutrition can enhance cross-allergic reaction
Depending on what time of yearthere is an allergy to the pollen of plants, you can determine the flowering of which herbs or trees cause irritation of the mucosa. This should be known in order to exclude from the daily diet those products that cause a cross allergy. At certain times of the year, for example in the spring, when birch, poplar, hazel, etc. blossoms, it is impossible, for example, to eat pears, apples, potatoes, honey, parsley, etc. from August to October - ragweed, quinoa, then from the ration should be excluded honey, mayonnaise, cabbage, watermelons, etc. (table with a list of products that cause a cross allergy).
Creating comfortable indoor air
On what kind of air in the room in whichthe person is most of the time, asleep or working, the state of the respiratory system and the general state of the body in allergic conditions largely depends. For example, the abundance of carpets, various "dust collectors", open book shelves, soft toys, porous wallpaper, heavy curtains - creates additional conditions for accumulation of dust, allergens, bacteria, toxic substances. It is desirable during the flowering period of plants to conduct daily wet cleaning, use humidifiers and air purifiers with anti-allergenic filters to create a comfortable air.
Of course, it is easier to fight with allergy manifestations,when the cause is known, the source of the allergy. To determine it, you should take skin tests from an allergist or donate blood to various allergens. Knowing the enemy in person, you can try to limit contact with him, if it's food, do not eat them, if pollen allergies to plants, the ideal way is to travel to the sea during the flowering season of allergenic herbs and plants.
According to the doctor's testimony, a mechanicalCleansing blood from immune complexes, allergens, toxins. This method has some contraindications and unfortunately has a short-term effect, but in severe cases of allergic reactions is very effective.
Drugs for the treatment of allergic rhinitis
Unfortunately, all medicines from allergicRhinitis is used only to alleviate symptoms - reduce the runny nose, reduce swelling, nasal congestion, tearing and itching. Until now, medicine does not know how to permanently get rid of allergies, because there are no known deep causes, triggers such an inadequate response of the body's immune system.
Therefore, all medicines, sprays, dropsfrom allergic rhinitis are used as symptomatic agents, blunting the manifestations of allergies, but which can not change the body's response to an allergen. What can the pharmaceutical industry offer today for the treatment of allergic rhinitis?
Allergic rhinitis medicines - antihistamines
With mild disease, enoughtake antihistamines. In recent years, the production of drugs 2 and 3 generations, such as Cetrin. Zirtek, Zodak, Erius - reduced the strong sedative effect of this group of drugs, they do not have such side effects as 1st generation drugs - urinary retention, arrhythmia, blurred vision. These tablets from allergies have almost no hypnotic effect, have a prolonged effect and effectively relieve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis within 20 minutes after ingestion. A suffering allergic rhinitis shows an oral intake of Cetrin or Loratadin according to Table 1. in a day. Cetrin, Parlazin, Zodak can be taken to children from 2 years in syrup. The most powerful antihistamine drug to date recognized Erius, the active substance Desloratadine, which is contraindicated in pregnancy, and in syrup can be taken in children older than 1 year.
Hormonal preparations - sprays, drops from allergic rhinitis
Intranasal glucocorticoids, such as Felikosze, Budesonide are prescribed by a doctor only in cases of severe allergies, when treatment with antihistamines does not have an effect.
The use of various hormonalIntranasal sprays such as Aldetsin, Nasobek, Fliksonase, Nazonex, Benorin, Baconaz, Nazarel should only be prescribed by a doctor, these drugs are undesirable for children and the elderly. Local hormonal agents have almost no systemic effect, but with prolonged use, with an overdose, they can slowly destroy metabolic and immune processes in the body, help reduce adrenal function, develop diabetes, etc. If an intranasal glucocorticoid is assigned to a patient, it should be canceled gradually, sharply throw the use of hormones, since there is a withdrawal of the drug.
With medium severe and severe allergic rhinitis, treatment can be supplemented with preparations of leukotriene antagonists, such as Singularia, Acolat.
Vasoconstrictive drops in allergic rhinitis
Abuse of these drugs is unacceptable whenallergic rhinitis. They can be used to reduce the swelling of the nasopharynx, reduce the release of mucus, but not more than 5 days, or only in rare cases. To such drops from an allergic rhinitis carry - Naftizinum, Galazolinum, Tizin, Nazole, Vibrotsil. They have no therapeutic effect, but only facilitate breathing.
NAZAVAL is a microdispersed cellulose powder andgarlic, this is a new tool that prevents penetration of aeroallergens through the nasal cavity into the body. The microdispersed cellulose powder from the spray dispenser is sprayed onto the nasal mucosa, forming a strong gel-like film with the mucus. This provides a natural barrier to the penetration of pollutants and allergens into the body. The remedy is allowed for use by pregnant women, children from birth. Method of application - 3-4 r / day for 1 injection in each nasal passage. Another new preparation Prevalin - consisting of a mixture of emulsifiers and oils, creating a barrier for allergens, which should be used as early as possible, better before the onset of allergic rhinitis.
Hyposensitisation to certain allergens
Hyposensitizing therapy is widely usedin cases where the exact allergen that causes allergic rhinitis in the patient is known. If antihistamines are not effective enough or contraindicated, the patient under the skin is given doses of the allergen extract, gradually increasing them, this treatment can last up to 5 years, with weekly administration of allergens. However, this method of therapy is contraindicated in persons with bronchial asthma or cardiovascular diseases.
Sprays from allergic rhinitis - stabilizers of mast cell membranes
To antiallergic drugs, sprays fromAllergic rhinitis includes such drugs as Kromogeksal, Kromoglin, Kromosol. They prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions of immediate type, they are used for light allergy manifestations.
It is very effective for allergic rhinitisnasal spray Allergodyl is a blocker of histamine H1 receptors, an active substance of azelastine. However, its use in pregnancy and children under 6 years is not recommended.
Also for allergic rhinitis, treatmententerosorbents has its positive effect - Polyphepan, Polysorb. Enterosgel, Filtrum STI (instruction) is a means that contribute to the removal of toxins from the body, toxins, allergens, which can be used in the complex therapy of allergic manifestations. It should be remembered that their use should be no more than 2 weeks, and reception should be carried out separately from other medicines and vitamins, as their effect and digestibility decreases.
Folk treatment of allergic rhinitis
Unfortunately, allergic reactions of the bodyit is impossible to cure any folk remedies, since most of the grandmother's recipes for the recovery of the body consist of herbal medicinal preparations, tinctures, and broths. If a child or an adult, for example, has pollinosis, how to treat allergic rhinitis with folk remedies, for which it is allergic? No way. You can only aggravate the condition and add allergens to the body.