Edema after the administration of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is present in humanthe body, mainly in the eye and joint fluid, and has the property of retaining moisture. Connecting with water, it forms a liquid substance, similar to jelly. This viscous substance has undergone numerous studies and is used in medicine mainly in orthopedics and eye surgery. The ability of hyaluronic acid to retain moisture is used in both cosmetology and skin care, it is an excellent base for moisturizers. Unlike all sorts of chemicals, hyaluronic acid is a moisturizer from nature itself.
Hyaluronic acid in the human body
What is the purpose of hyaluronic acid inthe human body? Hyaluronic acid is found in most cells, but in some places of the body it has a particularly high concentration. Its distinctive feature is that every 3 days the molecules of HA are destroyed and removed from the body, so their number must be constantly renewed.
Hyaluronic acid is part of the bonetissue and cartilage. A particularly large amount of it was found in the cartilaginous tissue. The cartilage covering the ends of the tubular bones ensures their resistance to wear. Similar cartilages are located at the place of attachment of the ribs to the sternum, form the main part of the larynx, etc. As part of the joint fluid HA serves as a shock absorber, a source of nutrition for cartilage, and also helps to remove waste from the joint.
High concentration of HA is found in bunchesand tendons. It separates living and non-living cells of connective tissues, performs a protective and amortization function, allowing connective tissues to withstand significant loads.
Healthy shiny hair, moisturized skin,rounded lips, protected from environmental influences - this is also possible due to the presence of hyaluronic acid. The vitreous body inside the eye consists almost entirely of HA. She is also responsible for the health of the gums and the strength of fixing the teeth.
However, half of the total HA of the body is contained inskin and provides smoothness and elasticity of the skin. Elasticity of the skin gives collagen, and hyaluronic acid contributes to its nutrition and moisturizing. Dehydrated collagen loses its elastic properties. With age, the production of HA decreases, and the skin becomes dry and flabby.
Hyaluronic acid in cosmetology
In cosmetology, injections of hyaluronic acidUsed for contour correction of wrinkles. It is also part of cosmetic masks, creams and gels. The injections of hyaluronic acid help to reduce or completely eliminate wrinkles and scars, give lip volume, effectively and safely restore the smoothness and elasticity of the skin.
The hyaluronic acid introduced into the body replacesNatural, depleted over time, and restores its volume under the surface of the skin. The most common fillers based on HA are Gilform and Restylane. Moreover, Giloform is of natural origin, and Restylane is synthesized in laboratory conditions. Both fillers have the property of biocompatibility and do not require preliminary testing for allergy.
Hyaluronic acid injections are usually done infrom 15 minutes to one hour. Before the procedure, the skin is cleansed and local anesthesia can be administered, since the hyaluronic filler does not contain an anesthetic. For injections, a thin needle is used, the filler is inserted at several points along the boundary of the treated area. After several injections, the area to be treated is lightly massaged. In the absence of local anesthesia, the patient may experience mild pain from injections. Under the skin, the HA molecules attract moisture, and the volume under the skin increases, wrinkles and folds fill, the skin acquires a more youthful appearance. GK simultaneously with the attraction of moisture stimulates the production of collagen.
Hyaluronic acid in cosmetics is usedalso in the composition of creams, gels, lip gloss, shadows and masks for external use. However, hyaluronic acid molecules are too large and can not penetrate the skin. Therefore, a cream with hyaluronic acid performs only a protective function, it does not allow moisture to evaporate from the surface of the skin and captures water molecules from the air. On wrinkles, it does not work, does not reduce and does not smooth them.
Consequences and results of injections of hyaluronic acid
Immediately after injections, the patient can feelburning, redness of the treated area and even a slight swelling. Bruises and small crusts can occur at puncture sites. These traces usually disappear within 2-3 days, almost immediately after the injection, most patients return to normal activity. It is also necessary to know that it is not recommended to be exposed to high temperatures within 10 days after injections of hyaluronic acid.
The effect of the introduction of hyaluronic acidis manifested almost instantly, but, as noted earlier, the HA is gradually washed out of the body, so the result is less resistant than with other types of cosmetic plastic and ranges from 6 months to 1 year.
Hyaluronic acid in tablets and capsules
Hyaluronic acid in tablets is available inform of food additives and is recommended for use inside. The tablets should be resorbed, the HA partially binds to water and a jelly-like mass is formed. Since the oral cavity has a high concentration of HA molecules, the newly introduced ones are easily absorbed by the body, absorbed through the mucous membranes. This promotes the healing of mucous membranes and gums. That part of the molecules that penetrated the body through the mucous membranes, immediately enters the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive tract. In the stomach, only part of the HA is absorbed, the rest is excreted along with the unrefined residues.
Hyaluronic acid in capsules is inliquid form or in the form of a powder, for a better absorption it should be held for a while in the mouth. The powder in the mouth moistens and becomes sticky, while the surface of its contact with the mucous membranes increases and suction improves.
Laser biorevitalization with hyaluronic acid
Laser biorevitalization with hyaluronic acidis one of the most effective cosmetic procedures. It promotes rapid facial and body rejuvenation. Biorevitalization with a laser is safe and not traumatic, it can be an independent procedure or one of the stages of a comprehensive rejuvenation program.
As a result of the above procedure, the hyaluronicacid is introduced into the deep layers of the skin, just as it is done with injections. Being in the dermis, the GK binds moisture and promotes skin rejuvenation. It also acts on specific receptors and thus stimulates the production of collagen and the growth of capillaries necessary for the survival of embedded molecules.
Laser biorevitalization of hyaluronic acidallows you to enter HA without damaging the skin. At the same time, the production of cells of its own HA is not disrupted. Low-temperature laser stimulates skin cells and improves metabolic processes. This helps to increase the production of its own HA, collagen and elastin. Improves the circulation of lymph and blood, cures acne and other chronic inflammatory phenomena.
For laser biorevitalization is usedlow molecular weight hyaluronic acid. Acid molecules are divided into small fragments that can penetrate through the skin. This type of HA is obtained by biosynthesis in the laboratory.
With laser biorevitalisation, divided intoparts of the molecule of the acid with the help of an athermal laser are introduced into the skin and fixed in the intercellular space. Then the molecules of HA bind water, one molecule can draw moisture to itself many times greater than its own volume. This leads to a smoothing of wrinkles and folds and a significant skin rejuvenation.
The main advantages of laser biorevitalization
- Immediate effect of the procedure
- The distribution of hyaluronic acid is more uniform than after injection
- Most of the HA is concentrated in the upper layers of the dermis and provides smoothing of wrinkles
- The effect of laser biorevitalization exceeds the effect of mesotherapy
- Absence of contraindications and side effects.
After laser biorevitalization, wrinklesSmoothed out, a significant effect was obtained in the treatment of wrinkles around the eyes and crow's feet. The skin of the face, neck, hands, décolleté zone is moistened, its tone and density are increased, the volume of lips is markedly increased, and traumatic sutures heal. The result is obvious right after the procedure, but to maintain the result, maintenance therapy is needed once a month.