Swelling and pain in the foot
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Pain in the foot - a very common cause of complaints, which are addressed to an orthopedic doctor.
Causes of pain in the foot (or both feet) a great many:
• Consequences of trauma
• Inflammation of the tendon (tendinitis)
• Tendovaginitis - an inflammation of the tendon sheath
• Arthritis - inflammation of the joints
• Gout (salt deposition)
• Flat feet (longitudinal, transverse, combined or mixed)
• Heel spur
• Morton's neurinoma (Morton's neuroma)
• Metatzalgia - pain in the anterior part of the foot in the area of the metatarsus (between the toes and the foot) and a burning sensation in the soles
• Plantar fasciitis - pain in the heel and arch of the foot, occurs due to increased stress on the foot tissue in this area (fascia)
• Varus / valgus deformation of the feet
• Development of bone anatomy of Zudeck(algodostrophy) - neurotrophic lesion of all tissues in the region (skin, subcutaneous tissue, joints, bones), manifests as non-inflammatory edema and neuropathic pain without distinct localization in separate anatomical structures
• Marching foot (fatigue fracture) ismicrocracks in the bone, resulting from excessive stress on the bones of the foot (for example, when jumping or running for long distances). Signs include pain, hypersensitivity to the foot and swelling. Since displacement does not occur, the fracture quickly heals when the limb is immobilized
• Chondropathy of the joints of the feet
• Osteochondropathy of the feet (Keller-I, II, Haglund-Schintz, etc.)
• Nerve compression between the fingers
• Deformity of metatarsals
• Instability of the subtalar joint, which causes instability of the heel on the support and, as a result, there is an overstrain and injury to the muscles and ligaments of the legs.
• Affection of periarticular soft tissue structures
• Different length of legs
• Systemic inflammatory diseases of the joints
• Degenerative changes in the lumbosacral spine (scoliosis, osteochondrosis, spondylosis, spondylolisthesis, disc protrusion, etc.)
• Different polyneuropathies
• Diabetic foot syndrome
• Functional and organic vascular lesions
A single universal way of treating all foot diseases does not exist.
What treatment is needed in each case depends on the exact cause of the pain, because all of the above diseases are treated in completely different ways.
Diagnosis is made on the basis of complaints, external examination, X-ray examination + mandatory blood examination. This is a basic survey.
If after this diagnosis is doubtful, then further studies are used such as ultrasound, MRI, CT, NMR, etc.
Treatment without identifying the exact cause of pain will have an incomplete and / or short-term effect.
Therefore, do not clutch at the drug from the firstsame advertising. No matter how good it was not advertised drugs, their use may be not only useless, but also dangerous - you can lose time and really only delay the proper treatment.
At best, after such a "cure" you onlyfor a short while, get rid of the manifestations of the disease, and at worst - there will be serious complications, up to amputation. Since serious problems, such as diabetic angiopathy, obliterating atherosclerosis, etc. require a separate approach and special attention.
Therefore, leave the choice of medicines and tactics of treatment for the doctor.
The earlier you contact a specialist, thanquickly begin to fulfill its purpose, the sooner you will get rid of the problem that is bothering you, since neglected chronic cases are treated much longer and treatment does not always give a 100% result.
An entry to Dr. Maximov for advice and treatment