Edema of the oral cavity symptoms
Oral cancer is a malignant disease, manifested for a long time without ulceration or proliferation of oral tissues, which cause harm to surrounding tissues.
Oral cancer includes a number of diseases: cancer of the paranasal sinuses and throat, soft or hard palate, cancer of the lip and tongue, the bottom of the mouth, the mucous membrane of the cheek.
The risk group includes men over 50 years of age, and according to statistics, the risk of development in women is half that of men.
The risk factors for the development of the disease include: chewing or smoking tobacco. prolonged exposure to the sun, hereditary predisposition, alcohol abuse.
Symptoms of oral cancer
As a rule, malignant disease of the oral cavity is revealed by the following symptoms:
- On the surface of the gums, lips or in the mouth there are irregularities, thickening, swelling, roughness, and spots in the mouth of red, white or white-red color.
- The appearance of unexplained bleeding in the mouth;
- Loss of sensation or pain in the face, neck;
- Not healing bleeding ulcers easily on the neck, face, mouth;
- Difficulty when moving with tongue, talking, chewing, swallowing;
- Chronic sore throat, hoarseness;
- Ear pain;
- A large and sharp loss in weight;
- Change in the arrangement in the dentition or dentures.
Treatment of oral cancer
Usually in the treatment of oral cancer apply methods such as: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery.
Chemotherapy as a remedy for canceris the main weapon that helps to effectively combat this disease. By chemotherapy means the use of chemicals to destroy cancer cells and not allowing them to further grow and develop.
Radiation therapy is a method of treatment of ailmentthe effect of ionizing radiation, which damages genetic material in cancer cells, thereby injuring or destroying cancer cells, which leads to the fact that pathogenic cells no longer grow and develop further.
The duration of the course of irradiation depends on the degree of defeat of the malignant disease of the oral cavity, on average varies from two to eight weeks.
Operative intervention is the oldest form of cancer treatment. Advances in surgical techniques enable surgeons to help an increasing number of patients.
Surgical operation gives more chances for recovery to patients who have cancer already precisely localized.
Prevention of oral cancer
A number of simple recommendations will help prevent the development of oral cancer:
- Smoking, chewing and snuffing of tobacco should be avoided;
- Do not abuse alcohol;
- Eating correctly and in a balanced manner;
- Limit your stay in the sun. Use sunscreen - cream, lip balms.
In addition, it is necessary to undergo self-examination at least once a month. Using a bright light and a mirror to examine for the presence of the above symptoms of the mouth, lips, gums and teeth, the throat.
05.05.2014 / Diseases of the oral cavity