Edema at rupture of ligaments
One of the most common causes of temporarythe limitation of a person's physical activity is the stretching or rupture of ligaments on his leg. The main cause of rupture of ligaments on the foot is heavy damage to them during fall, prolonged overstrain, awkward movement and the like. Often a provocative role is played by overweight and a weakened ligament apparatus of the lower limbs. In the article you will learn about the symptoms and treatment of this injury.
Rupture of ligaments on the leg
In most cases, ligaments are injuredankle, knee and foot. In the knee joint, collateral and cruciate ligaments are generally torn. The rupture of the collateral ligaments located along the lateral surfaces of the joint may be accompanied by damage to the meniscus. If the knee is shifted forward or backward when flexing the knee, the cruciform ligament is torn. Fracture of metatarsal bones accompanied by ruptures of ligaments external, if the plus slips inside, and the inner, if the plus slips outward. When rotating, both ligaments can explode at once. When they break, a characteristic sound is produced.
A person without medical education can easily confuse types of injuries. so read the articles below to make sure that you need a rupture of the ligaments on your leg.
If you are sure that you are reading the necessary article, we continue ...
There are three degrees of severity of this dangerous injury:
- the first degree or partial rupture is characterized by a minor hemorrhage at the site of injury and unpleasant pain;
- the second degree or incomplete rupture of the ligament with a slight divergence of its ends accompanies a more pronounced pain syndrome, edema, hematoma;
- third degree or full ligament rupture with the divergence of their ends is combined withdamage to the cartilage and capsular-ligament structures. The pain is acute, increasing during movement. In the region of the joint - extensive hemorrhage, swelling. Violation of motor activity, up to complete inability to move.
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Rupture of ligament on leg symptoms
Symptoms of rupture of ligaments on the leg are united by a commonclinical picture. There is a sharp pain in the damaged joint, its abnormal position is observed, when an attempt to move the pain is sharply increased, there are hematomas, edema and swelling, the motor function of the joint is disrupted. The victim may experience dizziness, lightheadedness and even faint. For example, with rupture of ligaments on the foot, plantar flexion becomes impossible. If there is a tibial collateral ligament rupture, a large hematoma is formed in the region of the knee joint, its function is disrupted and the amplitude of the passive tibial lead is increased. When the cruciate ligament ruptures, the tibia is displaced backward.
If the symptoms do not quite fit you, maybe you have a slightly different injury, choose from the list below.
First aid at rupture
When providing first aid to the victimit is necessary to assess the severity of ligament rupture. Create peace for the injured leg, apply cold. Then on the joint, gently apply the tire and immediately send the patient to the emergency department or hospital.
Rupture of ligaments on leg treatment
Treatment of rupture of ligaments on the leg depends on the degreedamage. If the results of radiography or tomography have confirmed the I - II severity of the rupture, then during the first hours rest and cold on the joint are applied, then the leg is fixed with a plaster bandage for 1-3 weeks and then the exercise therapy, physiotherapy and therapeutic massage are prescribed. The doctor prescribes pain relievers and funds that specifically target the healing of connective tissue.
A complete rupture of leg ligaments, in any part of it,is a mandatory indication for surgical treatment. It can happen not only the rupture of the ligament, but also its stratification. In this case, it is stitched using your own tendons or grafts. After the operation, plaster is applied for up to 6 weeks. The course of exercise therapy, physiotherapy and massage is carried out when it is removed. The full function of the damaged joint is restored only after 6 to 8 months.
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