Osteochondrosis of the neck edema
Osteochondrosis of the neck - a disease causingdeformation of intervertebral discs. A terrible disease, especially its complications. Osteochondrosis, which is not treated in a timely manner or the patient treats alone, often causes complications in the form of hernias formed between the vertebrae. Such complications can be cured only by surgical intervention.
The causes of the appearance of osteochondrosis
For the main reasons, one can attribute the following characteristic factors:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- incorrect posture;
- impaired metabolism;
- genetic predisposition;
- smoking or alcohol abuse.
Unfortunately, most patients whoturn to specialists, have a rather complicated form of osteochondrosis. Patients have severe pain or partial limitation in their movements. Unfortunately, very few people pay attention to the first signs of the disease, let alone the causes of osteochondrosis of the neck in order to prevent the manifestation of the disease.
The main symptoms that characterize the presence of this disease, include the pain symptoms.
- Often pains arise without any reason. Often after a dream a person turns with difficulty in bed, as every movement responds with a pain in the neck. Usually, everything is written off to the wrong pillow or the wrong position of the head during sleep. But even over time, the pain syndrome does not go away. The nature of pain can be either constant, aggravated by sharp turns of the head, coughing or sneezing, or periodic.
- Sometimes pains occur suddenly, regardless of the time of day. Pain can be expressed as a sharp "lumbago", so it is easy to tingle.
- Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the neck can also be expressed inshortness of breath, discomfort during swallowing. Patients complain that sometimes there is a feeling that the lump in the throat is getting stuck, breathing is difficult, especially when trying to take a deep breath.
During the exacerbation of the disease in most cases, the mobility of the neck is very limited. This is due to the fact that any movement of the head causes acute pain.
In addition to neck pain,manifest themselves and headaches. During osteochondrosis, not only the roots of the nerve endings are entangled, but also the vessels. In this regard, the blood circulation of the brain deteriorates, which can provoke the appearance of pain in the head. They are of a permanent nature, and the pain medications taken by patients do not have the desired effect.
This disease can occur at any age. And, as a rule, the younger the body, the more sad the consequences of the neglected form of osteochondrosis can become. The following consequences may occur:
- protrusion, protrusion of the vertebrae in the cervical region;
- osteophytes, leading to problems with the arteries of the spine.
Only complications will help to avoid complicationsspecialist, complex treatment and precise diagnosis. Even the most highly qualified doctor can not diagnose without careful research on special equipment. Depending on the nature of the disease, a specialist can prescribe an X-ray or an MRI.
That is why, it is strongly recommended not to engage in self-medication. From the procedures that relatives or friends advised you can get more harm than good.
In some cases, certain procedures are simplycontraindicated to the patient, in connection with the complications revealed in the diagnosis. Treatment of osteochondrosis of the neck should be complex. When prescribing medications and physiotherapy, the specialist takes into account possible complications, as well as contraindications. Taking into account all the information received, an individual treatment program is prepared.
In severe cases, when the mobility of the cervicalthe area is completely limited, even hospitalization of the patient is possible. In other cases, all treatment is initially aimed at stopping the pain, removing the inflammatory process, and restoring the normal tone of the neck muscles.
During the period of exacerbation, it is very important to maintaincorrect position of the neck. Often this is impossible, because a person is simply not physically able to constantly monitor the position of his head. Therefore, a specialist can appoint wearing a special corset or in other words to prescribe wearing a collar for the neck with osteochondrosis.
Its main function is to maintain the correctposition of the neck and head during periods of exacerbation of the disease. Of course, the first time to such an accessory will have to get used to, but in general, the corset does not cause discomfort and is very convenient for severe pain in the cervical region.
Indications for wearing a corset is the destructiondisks between the vertebrae, muscle paresis, accompanied by pain syndrome. The fixator for the neck with osteochondrosis should be prescribed only by a doctor. Without consulting a specialist, it is not recommended to buy and wear these orthopedic products.
When treating the disease, moderate physicalLoads and exercise therapy are effective means of influencing the disease. Physiotherapy improves metabolism, restores damaged intervertebral discs, restores mobility of the spine, strengthens the muscles of the neck and back.
But do not forget that with acute painany exercises should be excluded. When the pain gradually begins to disappear, you can begin to perform simple exercises. But they need to be done with care. If during the exercises the pain becomes stronger, they should stop and try again after a while.
During the execution of any set of exercisesFrom the cycle of physiotherapy it is always necessary to focus only on your feelings. If there is discomfort or pain, the classes stop immediately and try to pick up those movements that do not bring unpleasant sensations.
Diet for cervical osteochondrosis
Underestimating the role of proper nutrition, you can reduceto no all the positive results achieved by complex treatment. Edema of the neck with osteochondrosis, for example, is often associated with malnutrition, abuse of acute and fatty foods.
After picking up the food intake correctly, you canprovide your body with the necessary micronutrients and vitamins. Often doctors, in addition to drugs and exercise therapy, prescribe and take B vitamins.
But it is proper nutrition that can help your body to receive the necessary elements in the required quantity, and complications associated with other organs will be minimized.
How to remove osteochondrosis from the neck. Today this problem is almost every second person. As noted by scientists, osteochondrosis today not only "younger", but also greatly spread. We can say that the "plague of the 21st century" is just an osteochondrosis. If most people turned to specialists in all cases, and not only when it is simply impossible to do without qualified help, the statistics had great indicators.
The best prevention is a healthy lifestyle, which includes rational nutrition and exercise. The following set of exercises is quite effective:
- Morning massage of the neck area. backs of hands and feet.
- Exercises from the complex of therapeutic physical training. Rotations of the head, jumps, swinging movements with hands and feet.
- 10-minute breaks in the workplace. It is advisable not just to walk and stretch the swollen muscles, but also to perform a set of exercises.
- Swimming is very useful.
If we talk about nutrition, then it should contain a large number of proteins. In this case, it is preferable to eat vegetarian soups for the first, and the second dishes to cook for a couple or in a double boiler.
Oily and spicy food should be excluded. You can not abuse sweet foods. Every day you need to drink at least 1 liter of liquid. It will not hurt to pass tests for a general blood test. Undergo an additional examination. If the diagnosis reveals a shortage of certain elements in the body, they can begin to be taken additionally.
In any case, success in treatment in the larger case depends on how much you try to maintain the positive result of treatment.
The article is written for general educational development. To establish an accurate diagnosis and the purpose of treatment, ALWAYS consult a doctor