Edema of the foot bones
Fracture of the foot is not common in comparison withother injuries, but fracture of the foot bones can deprive you of the opportunity to move without help for life, so do not joke with it. Fracture of the foot symptoms is understandable to everyone, after reading this article you can determine whether this ailment has happened to you, but a fracture of the foot treatment should be done by a professional doctor, and not a fan in slippers, even if there is "some" knowledge in medicine. There may be a fracture of the foot with a displacement, a fracture of the metatarsal bone, scaphoid bone, cuboid bone, the rest you will find out just below. Rehabilitation after a fracture of the foot is as necessary as treatment, so do not forget to rest!
Fracture of foot
According to various data, fracture of the foot bonesoccurs in 3-10% of cases of the total number of fractures. The significance of this trauma is determined by the mutual dependence of all elements of the foot. Any changes in the shape of at least one of these bones in the fracture affect not only the shape, but also the functionality of the limb. It is not uncommon for foot trauma to cause further disruption of normal foot support, as well as the development of secondary arthrosis and flat feet. The foot has 26 bones in its composition, which are connected by a large number of ligaments and joints. The trauma of each bone has its own symptoms and characteristic manifestations. To date, the most common fractures are found in the following bones of the foot: talus, scaphoid, cuboid, wedge-shaped, phalanges of fingers and metatarsal bones. If you are interested in a fracture of the foot photo - on the Internet there are many medical sites that discuss this topic. Fractures of bones This injury has several types, more about them below.
This trauma has its own characteristics, whichdistinguish it from the rest of the foot bones. No muscle is attached to it, and it assumes the entire weight of the human weight. This is a fairly rare injury, which refers to severe injuries and is not infrequently combined with other fractures (foot dislocations, ankle fractures, and others). The most common cause of fracture of the talus is an indirect trauma (jump, podvorachivanie stops, falling from a height). Very rarely the cause of damage is a punch with a heavy object or squeezing the foot. The main symptoms: the patient complains of a rather sharp pain in the area of trauma. The ankle and foot are edematous, hemorrhages can be seen on the skin (more on the inner part of the ankle). If this is a fracture of the foot with displacement of the fragments, a clear deformation will be seen. The victim can not move in the ankle, as this brings severe pain. The most reliable diagnosis is X-ray in two projections.
Before you read about the treatment, let's see what else can be injuries in this area, you may not have a fracture of the foot. So, it can be ...
Although a little off topic, but perhaps you have the same:
Do you see how much everything can be with your foot? It is foolish to begin treatment if not accurately diagnosed. Read the symptoms of each of the injuries and then you can be sure of the way of treatment.
If the patient has a fractured talus withbias, he is repositioning fragments. When the trauma is already a little old, a comparison of the bones may not be possible, so spend an open repositioning of the bones and skeletal traction. If the posterior process breaks down, plaster is applied for 3 weeks, the remaining parts of the talus require immobilization for 4-5 weeks. From 3-4 weeks the patient is recommended to take the injured leg out of the tire and carry out active movements in the ankle joint. Fracture of the foot treatment also implies the use of exercise therapy, massage and physiotherapy. Recovery of work capacity occurs in about 3 months. During the year, the affected people are advised to wear the arch supports to prevent the appearance of traumatic flat feet
Fracture of scaphoid bone of foot
As a rule, the scaphoid bone breaks downthe result of direct injury, that is, the fall of a heavy object on the back of the foot. Very rarely there are cases when the bone breaks when it is compressed between the head of the talus and the wedge-shaped bones. Very often the scaphoid bone breaks down in combination with other fractures of the foot bones. The main symptoms: the patient can not support the legs due to pain. At the rear of the foot, hemorrhage and swelling are revealed. Sharp soreness causes the turn of the foot outward and inward, as well as its retraction and reduction. Diagnosis also consists of a radiographic image in two projections.
Fracture of navicular foot without biasrequires the imposition of a circular gypsum dressing with well-shaped arches of the foot. At fractures with displacements - reposition. If the closed reposition is impossible, an operation is performed to compare the bones. Plaster casts for 4-5 weeks, even if not serious broken leg .
Fracture of the cuboid bone of the foot
The most common reason is the fall of a heavy objecton the back of the foot. There is edema of soft tissues in the area of injury. When palpating and turning the foot in the patient, pain is detected. Fracture of the cuboid bone of the foot can be determined after an X-ray photograph. Treatment consists in imposing a circular gypsum bandage for 5 weeks.
Fracture of metatarsal bone of foot
Fracture of the metatarsal bones of the foot takes rightfullyfirst place among all fractures of the foot. Usually this kind of trauma occurs when the traumatic factor is directly affected (gravity falls or the wheel stops moving, compression, etc.). Such fractures can be multiple and single. Single fractures are practically not accompanied by displacement.
A single fracture of the foot symptoms will haveof the following character: local edema on the sole and on the back of the foot, pain at her palpation. Multiple fractures, such as a fracture of the fifth metatarsus of the foot and the fourth, will cause severe swelling of the entire foot, hemorrhage and pain, especially if palpation. The signs of a fracture of the foot of this localization also imply the inability to support the leg due to pain. Fracture of the metatarsal bone of the foot requires for diagnosis the x-ray in three projections.
Fracture of the metatarsal bone of the foot
Fracture of the metatarsal bone of the footimplies the imposition of a back gypsum tire for 3-4 weeks. In fractures with a displacement of the fragments, the patient is held closed or using the method of skeletal traction. After reinforcing the bones, a plaster bandage "with a heel" is applied to the patient. Further treatment is recommended for use with orthopedic tabs.
Rehabilitation after a fracture of the foot This is a very important stage of treatment, because afterthe removal of gypsum a person needs the full functionality of their organs. Long stay in the plaster has a negative effect on the leg, so the doctor prescribes the patient a special set of exercises individually. Recovery after a fracture of the foot can last several months if you are good at your body. Read more in the article - how to develop a foot fracture field .
Video: Ilizarov's apparatus after a fracture of the foot.