Severe swelling of the foot
From time to time, the lower limbs can swell,swell even in completely healthy people, but if this trouble manifests itself regularly and quite often, it makes sense to take care of this issue and, perhaps, consult a medical specialist. Ankles and feet can swell in some women during menstruation, provoking fluid retention in the body, as an allergic reaction to something, etc. If the feet are strongly swollen, the causes of this phenomenon are often quite ordinary, but in some cases it becomes quite a threatening symptom, a sign of a disease.
Often swollen legs in the ankle andfeet due to trauma, stretching of ligaments, the causes can be covered in such a disease as varicose veins, in addition, there are such ailments in which this manifestation becomes a completely characteristic symptom. Many experts are sure that there should not be edema in a healthy person, and if the legs are swollen, the reasons for this phenomenon are likely to lie either in some pathology or in the patient's wrong behavior. For example, it is possible swelling of the legs (as well as hands, face), if the day before had to abuse alcoholic beverages, it happens that the body becomes numb if the sleep regime is disturbed. However, if the legs are strongly swollen, the reason for such reasons is that there is nothing to worry about, it is enough to lead a correct, healthy lifestyle and the body will recover itself. Much sadder, if swollen feet are a signal of serious disorder in the body, the presence of any dangerous disease.
1. Edema of the lower extremities is one of thecharacteristic symptoms in the presence of chronic heart failure in a person, and it is not limited only to swollen legs - swelling also affects the hands, face, the patient can complain about the sensation that the whole body is swollen. Chronic heart failure can lead to various cardiovascular ailments, most often patients are over 40 years old. With this ailment, the heart muscle does not do its job well, namely, to pump blood, causing it to circulate through the body, the veins widen on the legs, causing swelling.
2. Edema of the upper and lower extremities, face alsooccurs due to various kidney diseases, the most characteristic, visual symptom thus become, the so-called "bags under the eyes" - a consequence of edema. This is due to a lack of albumin, a protein produced by the liver and circulating in the required amount together with blood. In a healthy person, albumin is normal, and in a person suffering from any renal ailment it is not enough, because the protein is excreted from the body together with urine. When a large amount of albumin is lost, the body tries to restore the protein balance, from the bloodstream the fluid enters the tissues, seeking to increase the albumin content in them, and this excess of fluid causes swelling.
3. Swollen lower extremities can become a signliver disease. Most often, this symptom is not the cause of the disease, because the swelling of the legs in liver disease occurs in the last stages of development, when the body loses its ability to produce the required amount of albumin protein. Typically, other characteristic symptoms cause the patient to consult a doctor and diagnose the disease at an earlier stage, when the swelling has not yet fully manifested itself.
4. A very common cause of leg swellingare vein diseases, for example, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, phlebothrombosis. Often, in addition to the fact that the lower limbs are fairly swollen, the sick person may experience pain, sometimes the skin becomes red, which may indicate an increased intracapillary pressure. As a rule, the extremity in which inflammatory processes occur is swollen, however the launched illness often infects both legs.
5. In some cases, a strong edema of the lowerextremities leads to a sharp disruption of thyroid function. As well as in the situation with kidney and liver diseases, in this case, swelling occurs due to the appearance of a large amount of fluid in the tissues coming in from the vessels, when the body tends to restore the albumin protein concentration.
6. To other, less common causes of swelling of the legs,(in particular, there is an increased risk of swelling of the lower limbs in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting), taking certain medications (some steroids, hormonal drugs, antidepressants, contraceptives, drugs designed to reduce blood pressure).
So, if swelling is noticeable on one leg, it is most likely that the cause lies not in the common disease (lack of albumin due to diseases of the liver, kidneys, heart). Other observations include the following:
1. In diseases of the liver, not only the feet but also the stomach are often swollen;
2. When you press on the swollen leg, the dent remains for about a minute - this is never observed due to disruption of the thyroid gland, but occurs in most other cases;
3. With chronic varicose veins, the skin on the legs around the ankles can take a brown tint;
4. Severe edema accompanied by pain andreddening of the skin, hot to the touch, can be evidence of leg trauma, inflammatory processes, acute phlebitis. In diseases of internal organs, edema is not accompanied by severe pain in the legs;
5. With diseases of the heart, the legs swell in the evening, but with a lack of protein, the legs will swell almost constantly.