Compress to swelling
Compress is a multilayered medical dressing that acts as a distracting and absorbing agent. By the nature of the action compresses are cold (lotions), hot, warming and medicinal.
Cold compresses, or lotions, are used for bruises, injuries, bruises. They cause local cooling and reduce swelling and pain.
For the preparation of cold compresses,take a piece of a thick towel, folded in several layers, and soak it in cold water or in a special liquid of pharmaceutical preparation (lead lotion). To make a cold compress, you must moisten a piece of towel in a lead lotion or cold water, squeeze the tissue well and apply to a sore spot. When warming the cloth again, moisten it in a lead lotion or water and attach it to the sore spot. Change the lotion every 2-3 minutes.
Hot compresses are used for resorption of local inflammatory foci.
Prepare a thick cloth, oilcloth, woolen cloth or a heating pad.
Dampen the cloth in hot water, squeeze it well and attach it to the body. On top of the oilcloth put warmer or warm woolen cloth. Change the compress every 10-15 minutes.
Warmer is used for resorptioninflammatory processes, warming of the body and as an analgesic. Under the influence of the warmer, the vessels of the skin and more deeply located tissues expand, which has a therapeutic effect on the course of inflammatory processes, reduces the pain caused by spasms.
Warmers are rubber and electric. Rubber heating pad is a capacity of 1-1.5 liters with a tightly screwed plug. To carry out the warming procedure, pour the heating pad on 3-4 volumes so that it is not too heavy, then push the air out with the hot-water bottle. It is good to tighten the stopper, tilt the warmer upside down to check for leaks. Wipe it dry, wrap it in a towel and put it to the patient. The degree of heating the skin under the warmer should be checked periodically. To prevent pigmentation, you can lubricate the skin under the heating pad with petroleum jelly or grease. A very hot hot-water bottle is put first on the blanket, under the sheet and after these events directly on the body. Warm up the bottle until it cools down.
Weak and seriously ill people are not always fastreact to thermal irritation, so they may have a burn. Special caution is needed for patients who are in an unconscious state and who have lost skin sensitivity. In such patients it is necessary to check the degree of skin heating and to monitor the correct position of the warmer.
Instead of a water heater, you can use an electric heater, the degree of heating of which is regulated by the rheostat. The regulator is located at the junction of the cord with the pillow. You need to use it with interruptions.
For local heating, use water at a temperature of 40 ° C. The heater is poured half, then it is softer and better attached to the surface to be coated
To warm the legs and the bed, the water in the heating pad must be 60 ° C. A newborn warmer is placed at a distance of 5-6 cm from the elongated legs of the child.
To warm up your ears, you can use a heating padsmaller volume or a special heating pad with a hole for the auricle. After warming in the ear, apply a warming bandage. Wadding should be preheated.
CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR THE APPLICATION OF THE BURNER
Local heating with hot water or hot watercompress is contraindicated in bleeding, acute inflammatory processes of the abdominal cavity (appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis), within 1-2 days after injury and injury (in the first hours). Thermal procedures are contraindicated for oncological diseases. In these cases, you can use the heating pad only after permission of the doctor.
Because children have very sensitive skin, to avoid burns, the heating pad can not be placed directly on the naked body. It should be carefully wrapped with a towel.
Heating compresses, unlike hot-water bottlesuse not external heat, but internal, accumulating in the tissues of the body. Heating compresses increase blood circulation in the skin, tissues and organs, resulting in reduced puffiness, inflammation is removed, convulsively contracted muscles relax. This compress is made of four layers. The first layer is a cotton cloth moistened with room temperature water and wrung out. On top of the fabric, apply a layer of compress paper or oilcloth, protecting the fabric from drying and retaining heat. Paper size should be slightly larger than the fabric. On top of the cloth, tightly lay the oilcloth. On top, both layers are covered with cotton wool, a woolen scarf or scarf. And, finally, all this netgo is bandaged and kept for 6-12 hours (before drying). If the fabric has dried before, remove the compress. Before replacing the used compress with a new one, the place where it was applied should be thoroughly rinsed with warm water to avoid skin irritation.
Heating compresses in a warm form are used wheninflammation of the joints and angina, with inflammation on the patient's skin after improperly injected. Warming compresses cause a prolonged and persistent expansion of the surface vessels, which leads to the influx of blood to the focus of inflammation, resulting in resorption of the inflammatory focus of underlying tissues and pain reduction.
Warming compresses should not be placed if the patient has signs of dermatitis (skin disease) and boils.
Compresses can be made on the basis of water, cologne, alcohol in half with water or vodka.
The activities of each human bodybody is determined by the spectrum of frequencies contained in it elements. Thus, the spectrum of frequencies can both characterize the system and control it, if the radiation spectrum with similar parameters is imposed on the system. It is this imposition and carried out by folk healers due to compresses from medicinal plants. For example, with pneumonia, a warm (sometimes even hot) compress of baked potatoes is placed on the chest. With pain in the liver, compress on the liver area from the seed of flax, peas, beans, soybean, clover and other nitrogen-containing plants is done. When bone fractures are applied to the fracture zone, the roots of the comfrey (flesh) or mummy and, of course, always put a heating pad on top.
Heated sand emits powerful lines of silicon and hydrogen, freely penetrating through the skin and stimulating the work of the kidneys, the heart and the entire cardiovascular system.
Compresses are also of a somewhat different kind: To coagulate blood in wounds, you need to apply a heated stone from the river to the wound. With increased blood clotting in the liver, it is recommended to place a compress of burnt moss from old stone or clay walls on the liver area. When colic in the liver from the cold, with a delay in urine it is recommended to put on the appropriate area a compress made from a dry wine bard. When the rectum is out of the cold, you should apply a heated clay pot to it, coated with vegetable oil. When colic, it is recommended to put on a sore spot compress of oiled felt or apply a smooth stone from the river. In the cold of the kidneys and the waist, you can heat the waist region with a wolf or trot or hide. In the cold of the stomach, the small and large intestine it is useful to warm up the palms. With the accumulation of uric acid in the joints should be put on a joint joint compress of small gravel, heated in wine, or from a dry wine bard with baked earth from an anthill. If the urine "closes" from the cold, you can make a compress on the kidney and / or bladder area from the sediment of melted butter. When poisoning with meat poison, narrowing the throat and heat, it is recommended to put a compress on the sore spot with a multi-leaf wrestler and a hot water bottle with cold water.
When colic in the small intestine can be donecompress on the stomach from the thawed infusion of the wrestler mnogolevistnogo and aira. To do this, you first need to Prepare an infusion of these plants (brew 1 cup of boiling water with 1 cup of boiling water or 1 tablespoon of aureus, insist, wrap, 1 hour and strain), and then freeze the infusion or hold it in the freezer 2 -3 hours
When colic, heat must be applied to the patient
place a stone from a river or a flat piece of iron, and
patch compress from the cleanser, mixed with yogurt.
When bleeding from the nose should be put on the nose or ooze
from the river with clear clear water. River silt stock
breathe to the gums also with "blood heat" in the teeth and
The compresses well relieve stitching pain. Contraindicated with obesity, rashes, sometimes with jaundice. In the place of application it is possible to distinguish compresses for the trunk, for the back, mixed compresses for the trunk and back and compresses on the abdomen.
A large enough piece of coarse matteruse burlap) folded several times so that it can close the throat, chest and stomach. Fold the canvas in cold water (in winter - in warm water), squeeze well and apply to the body so that the compress hangs down on both sides of the body. From above put a blanket folded in half or three times to block air access to the compress. Throat wrap a piece of cloth to protect from air and leave it for 45-60 minutes. If the compress should be cold, you need to wet it again. After a certain time, a wet compress to remove, dress and perform the necessary physical exercises or lie down a little more in bed. A compress for the trunk is recommended for the accumulation of gases. It is necessary that the body is warm.
Compression on the front surface of the trunkcorresponds to a compress on the back, which, if you want to make compresses of both kinds, superimpose in the first place. A wounded and wrung flap of sufficient length (from the first cervical vertebra to the end of the spine) is folded several times on a woolen blanket and goes to bed on the prepared compress with your back, laying a wool blanket on your sides and covering yourself with a warm cotton blanket cold air. This compress is designed for 45 minutes, and if a longer exposure is necessary, the flap should again be moistened in cold water. The compress works well for pain in the back and back. It also works great for blood stasis and fever.
A great help with osteochondrosis renderskerosene compress, which also has an independent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. This wrap is prepared and applied as follows: moisten a piece of cotton or a synthetic fabric without impurity substances in kerosene and squeeze so that it did not flow from, but not to dryness. Put a flap on the oilcloth and one of its sides soap with laundry soap until a brilliant soapy layer appears. Prepared in this way the compress put on your back or on a sore spot with an uninjured side. Soap layer is necessary to ensure that kerosene does not evaporate during the procedure, but absorbed by the skin. Top cover flap oil cloth or cellophane, then a layer of cotton wool and tie a piece of matter or handkerchief. With this compress it is necessary to lie on your back from 30 minutes to 3 hours, depending on the sensitivity of the skin. It should be borne in mind that for too long can result in the imposition of a compress, a burn, and too short will not give the desired result. Therefore, the time of the procedure should be controlled by the patient, based on his own state of health.
Mixed compresses for the trunk and back can
but at the same time. To do this, you must have
To produce both compresses, as described above, and
put a compress for the back in bed, and compress for
torso near the bed. After that it is necessary to lay down on a dream
Well, in bed on the dorsal compress, apply a compress
for the trunk and hide with a woolen cloth and cotton
a blanket. Lying patient should be carefully wrapped
from all sides, so that there is no access to fresh air.
At the same time, a wool blanket under the dorsal compress
There must be a width to close
Immediately both compresses. Duration of the procedure
from 45 minutes to 1 hour. It helps with great heat, with
accumulation of gases, hot flushes and other ailments
Compresses to the abdomen
Dampen in water a canvas folded in severalonce, squeeze it out so that it does not drip from it, and put it on the lower part of the abdomen (below the area of the stomach), after which it is good to cover the patient with a wool blanket for 1-2 hours. The two-hour compress is very useful in weaning the stomach, colic, and also for the outflow of blood from the heart and chest cavity. Often, for this purpose, we use diluted vinegar, a decoction of oat straw, hay, and so on.
Compresses on the forehead and occiput are superimposed cold under overloads. This procedure replaces the use of cold water in large quantities.
Lubricate with petroleum jelly or baby cream around the skin aroundauricle. Then, in a lightly warmed alcohol solution (50 ml of alcohol in 50 ml of water) or in vodka, wet the cheesecloth or clean soft tissue, wring out and put it around the auricle. The shell and the ear canal itself must remain open. From waxed or compress paper, cut a circle, make an incision in the middle and put it on the sore ear, again leaving the shell and auditory passage open. On top of the paper, put cotton wool around your ear and fix it with a bandage. Keep the compress is enough for 1-2 hours, at night you do not need to put it, but you can repeat it every day while your ear hurts. You can use for campress and camphor alcohol, half diluted with water.